An example of building a brick gazebo: everything is much easier than it seems
Modern people are increasingly going to the country to relax, chat with friends or just stay in nature, away from the bustle of the city. Sitting in the company and treating guests with barbecue is especially pleasant in the fresh air, but with amenities. Such conditions can provide a cozy gazebo right in the garden. Thinking about the construction of such a building, everyone presents it in their own way. For someone, a light wooden structure entwined with girl's grapes looks attractive. And someone really wants to celebrate the New Year in a circle of loved ones in a snowy country house. Better than an all-weather gazebo made of brick for this purpose you can’t imagine anything.
Brick gazebos are becoming more popular. To understand the reason for what is happening, let's first talk about the merits of this building.
- The brick structure is strong and durable.
- Brick is an excellent material that does not need regular or special care.
- A building of this type will be guaranteed to be warm and dry, it is much easier to organize real home comfort in it than in a wooden structure.
However, there are also disadvantages, and it is necessary to mention them.
- The solidity of the building suggests its massiveness. So that its qualities do not deceive your expectations, you should carefully plan everything, build a solid foundation and spend considerable money.
- It will take more time to build a bower from a brick with your own hands than building a wooden structure.
A little more I want to dwell on the costs. Yes, more money will be spent on a brick structure, but it is precisely at the construction stage. The wooden structure will need to be looked after constantly.
The brick gazebo can be completely transformed using a variety of finishing materials. She will perfectly fit into any planned landscape.
This gazebo, finished just like the main structure. Neat design of a small size, inside of which everything is provided for a pleasant stay
Before starting work, it is necessary to determine the type of construction being built. This is a matter of principle, since it depends on the choice of the kind of foundation to be laid.
The enclosed pavilion arbor is spacious and comfortable enough to accommodate a fairly large company.
Capital arbors are:
- open, consisting only of a roof and pillars supporting it;
- half-open, in which of the four walls there is only one or two, usually with a barbecue or fireplace;
- closed, in fact, being a small house such as a summer kitchen.
When making a choice, it is worth making sure that the future construction will not discord with the general landscape design of the site, but will complement it harmoniously.
A half-open gazebo will be enough to enjoy the full outdoors. After all, the New Year happens only once a year, and there are much more holidays in the warm seasons
Step # 1 - preparatory work
The concept of the future building should have a single style solution with all the buildings of the site. In addition, you need to decide what place can be allocated for it and estimate its shape and size according to your own needs and capabilities. Before you build a brick arbor of your choice, make a diagram of it. After all, if something goes wrong, the capital structure will be difficult to redo. Based on the scheme, it is more convenient to calculate the consumption of materials. No structural elements should be forgotten. Think about what kind of engineering communications you will need.
Choosing the right place for the gazebo is half the battle. It is important not only that the building is surrounded by picturesque nature, but also the direction of the wind: smoke from a barbecue or fireplace should not disturb anyone
We recommend that you carry out geodetic work before starting any thorough construction on the site. This reasonable precaution will prevent troubles in the form of quicksand and so on. When choosing a place for a summer kitchen with a barbecue, try to arrange it so that it does not bother anyone, take into account the wind rose so that subsequently there are no quarrels with neighbors. It is important that there are no trees nearby that have a powerful root system that can damage the foundation in the future.
The site selected for construction should be carefully prepared. The surface should be straight, if necessary it should be leveled. Now, based on the structure diagram, mark the plot. Remove the fertile soil, which is approximately 20 cm: it is useful to you for other needs.
We list all the basic tools and material that may come in handy.
- pegs and nylon cord for marking;
- bayonet shovel for foundation;
- boards for the manufacture of formwork;
- sand, cement, crushed stone;
- fittings, knitting wire;
- construction level, plumb;
- welding machine;
- concrete mixer;
- metal pipes to strengthen the columns of the gazebo;
- timber and boards for roofing, roofing.
If, in accordance with the chosen type of construction, any other materials are needed, the proposed list can be supplemented.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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It is very important to use the level, plumb line and fishing line in the masonry process to check the geometry of the building. Mistakes made at the initial stage will lead to a skew of the structure
Step # 2 - build a suitable foundation
If the plan is the construction of an open building, then for it it will be possible to make a columnar, and strip or solid foundation. It all depends on how big the overall weight of the structure will be. I would not want the design to subsequently warp. If the brick gazebo is closed, then there is no choice: you will have to build a solid slab foundation.
A slab foundation can withstand even a massive enclosed structure, if the building is open and its weight is small, you can strengthen the foundation only where there is a barbecue or fireplace
The pillar foundation will be built only under the pillars on which the roof of the structure will lean. For walls, a fireplace or barbecue, you need a solid foundation, so even when choosing a strip or column foundation under them, you will have to make a solid foundation.
You can take a very nice brick half-open gazebo and build it yourself. For her, we need a solid reinforced foundation. We dig a pit, the depth of which will be at least 1 meter. Do not forget about summing up utilities. We are constructing the formwork, We place approximately 15 cm of rubble in the foundation pit to form a “pillow”. We make the surface of crushed stone smooth, tamp and cover with a layer of waterproofing material.
A concrete mixer is expensive, its use is justified only if there is a large construction project, and this equipment will be constantly in demand. For small volumes of work, you can knead the solution manually
We prepare the cement mortar based on the following proportions: one part of cement, three parts of sand and five parts of crushed stone. You need to add so much water that the resulting mixture is sufficiently fluid. Pour about half of the desired height of the future foundation, after which the reinforcement is laid, tying its parts together with a special knitting wire. Pour the remainder of the solution and level it.
It is immediately necessary to install pipes that will serve as the center of the pillars supporting the roof of the structure. In about 10-14 days, the resulting foundation will gain strength. Do not let it dry and crack.
Step # 3 - build brick walls
The first row of bricks is laid out on the hardened concrete. For this, bricks are laid on the moistened base of the masonry cement mortar, consisting of 3 parts of fine sifted sand and 1 part of cement. Do not forget to apply the solution on the side surfaces, as well as use a plumb bob and level. On top of the first row, it is recommended to lay the waterproofing layer again.
The first rows of masonry must be measured especially carefully, because its quality and appearance depend on the correct start of the masonry. Better to decompose bricks without mortar.
Further, layer by layer, we continue to build up the pillars and walls of the building. There are several ways to brick. An open-type summer kitchen can be made by laying in half a brick or even in the form of a lattice of bricks, when the bricks are laid not close to each other, but through the gaps. How to neatly and beautifully masonry, look at the video.
If the future gazebo will be closed or semi-open, then the most commonly used method of laying in 1 brick. In this case, the bottom row of bricks is laid in the thickness of one brick, so that the long side is located across the masonry, and in the next row, the bricks are placed perpendicular to the bricks of the previous row.
The walls of the gazebo grow just before our eyes. So that is exactly what happened in practice, when buying a brick, carefully check the documents from the seller. Only a brick-made arbor made in compliance with the norms will become a real decoration of the garden
How exactly you need to lay out the columns is shown in the photo. In this case, four bricks are placed around the pipe. Between the pipe and the bricks a space forms, which must be filled with cement mortar. Pour it in small portions. To attach the rafters to the pipes of the support poles, it is most convenient to weld metal rods to them. Once again about the formation of the columns, you can look at the video.
Interior work consists in arranging the floor of the gazebo and constructing a fireplace or barbecue. In this case, one barbecue was not enough, so it turned out a full-fledged summer kitchen with a three-channel pipe, capable of providing excellent traction. As a floor covering, neat paving slabs were used. The blind area around the building itself will not allow rain water to accumulate around it, which can undermine the foundation.
Step # 4 - building the roof structure
The roofs of arbors can be very different. But in this case we are talking about a tent roof. To do it correctly, you must install a temporary rack in the center of the structure. Its purpose is to support the polygonal washer at the highest point of the structure. The rafters will be attached to the puck. The ends of the rafters opposite from the washer are fixed on poles supporting the roof.
A tent-shaped roof shape is often chosen specifically for gazebos, but there may be options: a gable roof, a gable roof and even a gable roof-wing
In order for the roof structure to be strong enough, at some distance (between one third or half) from the total length of the rafters, cross members must be installed. Additional rafter bars should be attached to them. They are located just in the middle of each of the roof slopes, turning it into a kind of umbrella.
This hipped roof is from another gazebo, but it clearly demonstrates how this design should look from the inside
For each slope, the installation of the lathing is done separately. The crate looks like boards tightly fitted to each other. The material for the roof should be cut in the form of triangles covering the sectors of the roof, exactly in size. Joints can be nicely decorated with ready-made skate elements or metal stripes. They will be mounted on top of the joints.
In this case, the four-pitched roof of the gazebo covered with metal tiles is shown, in the above example, flexible tiles are used. Both materials can be successfully applied.
Here is such a finished gazebo can be built with your own hands in a relatively short time, there would be a desire
Our building is ready. As you can see, the gazebo turned out to be smart, comfortable and very functional. Of course, in such a summer kitchen you will not be able to celebrate the New Year, but it will be very nice to celebrate the May holidays here.