Eucharis - growing in an apartment, breeding methods, diseases and pests
Eucharis is a popular ornamental flower with large green leaves on long stalks. With good care, it blooms 2 times a year, producing a peduncle with 6-8 buds. Living in an apartment can be up to 15-20 years.
The origin of eucharis
Eucharis, also called Amazonian lily, belongs to the amaryllis family. His homeland is South America, but is most often found on the banks of the Amazon River. This flower was brought to Europe only in the middle of the 19th century and for its decorative effect, it very quickly became a universal favorite. Indeed, its large dark green oval leaves with a pointed tip can be up to 16 cm wide and 30 cm long, while also on the petiole 30 cm. At home, eucharis is quite simple to grow, it is often recommended for beginners.
In the wild, eucharis grows in a group of the mother bulb and her children
2-3 times a year, eucharis blooms with beautiful white flowers, similar to a daffodil. In one peduncle, up to 6 buds, which bloom, fill the room with a delicate aroma.
Eucharis flower is similar to daffodil, only white and collected in inflorescences of 4-6 pieces
The bulbs of eucharis are small, egg-shaped, with a diameter of up to 5 centimeters, so on one plant you rarely see more than four leaves at once. To get a lush beautiful bush in a single pot, several pieces of bulbs are planted, moreover, they bloom much more willingly.
Eucharis bulb is small, oblong
Eucharis in nature grows in the lower part of the forest, where it is warm, humid and light, but without direct sunlight, therefore it is better to put it in the apartment on the east or west window or put it in the back of the room. It is better to grow large specimens of eucharis not on the windowsill, but in free-standing pots or pots.
A young leaf from the earth appears rolled up into a tube, gradually it unfolds.
Very often, when a young leaf appears, the oldest leaf gradually turns yellow and dies
In nature, eucharis is very quickly pollinated, so it is difficult for scientists to classify them. But the most common are the following.
Eucharis is large-flowered. Most common in indoor floriculture. Blooms 2-3 times a year, releasing long peduncles 70–80 cm high and ending in an inflorescence with 4–6 buds. The flowers are white, with a diameter of 10-12 cm, fragrant, in shape resemble a daffodil.
Large-flowered eucharis with blooming buds
Eucharis is snow-white. It differs from large-flowered in smaller flowers, but in their inflorescence they are slightly larger. The shape of the flower also has distinctive features: its petals are bent up.
The petals of snow-white eucharis are bent up, and the flower itself is small
Eucharis Sander . It reveals 2-3 flowers in an inflorescence, each on a five-centimeter color tube, which gives it a slightly drooping look. Flowers most resemble a lily.
Eucharis Sander is most reminiscent of a lily
Indoor maintenance - table
|Parameter||Spring Summer||Autumn winter|
|Lighting||East or west window, you can north, but the probability of flowering is low. Protect from direct sunlight.|
|Humidity||Spray the leaves regularly, stopping this procedure only during flowering.|
|Temperature||18–22 degrees, without temperature drops||15-17 degrees if resting and not growing|
|watering||Moderate, allow the topsoil to dry. During the dormant period - do not water|
|Top dressing||Only during the period of growth and flowering|
Amazonian lily comes from the tropical jungle of South America, so a florarium is very suitable for it.
You can grow eucharis in the florarium, but it must be very large
Florarium is a closed glass tank for growing plants, which creates a special microclimate: tropics, deserts.
But it is important to understand that eucharis loves to grow in a group, so adult bushes can take up a lot of space, it will be difficult to enjoy a single planting of eucharis, even if other plants are nearby. All its power and beauty lies in the abundance of green leaves that do not lose their decorativeness even during dormancy.
Eucharis loves to grow a big family
Landing and transplanting at home
Eukharis does not really like to be disturbed, so they transplant him once every 2-3 years. It is advisable to carry out this procedure in the spring, in March.
Eucharis loves fertile soil, rich in humus, moderately loose, so often in the recommendations you can find such soil composition: peat, sand, turf or leafy soil in the ratio 1: 1: 1. But since it is very difficult to find turfy land for sale, and not everyone can get into the forest and collect forest humus, the composition of the soil can be as follows: peat, sand or vermiculite, vermicompost in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
Biohumus is a very good top dressing for eucharis both in dry form and in infusion
Another conflicting tip: to dry the soil between irrigations completely. For eucharis, this is very harmful, as it harms the roots, and peat in the soil is difficult to soak. According to observations of the plant, many flower growers note that the soil, constantly maintained in a slightly moist state with regular watering, allows the eucharis to develop much better than completely drying out.
For flowering, eucharis needs a close pot so that the roots braid the entire lump and the same bulbs grow nearby. Therefore, the pot is selected taking into account the size and number of plants. Too tall and narrow can periodically tumble under the weight of heavy leaves. For one plant, you can purchase a standard pot with a diameter of 12-15 cm. The height of the pot should be at least 15 centimeters.
An elongated pot is not the best choice for eucharis
A group of five bulbs will fit well in a 2-3-liter pot, but with further transplants, the volume of the pot should be increased.
Large group plantings require a stable floor planter, with a depth of about 30 cm and above.
Clay pot reliably standing on the surface does not turn over under the weight of leaves
When choosing a pot, remember that eucharis is transplanted only every 2-3 years and it needs a supply of nutrients and a place for the growth of children.
At the bottom of any pot in which eucharis grows, it is imperative to put drainage. Most often this is a purchased expanded clay of any fraction: even small, even large. But if the holes in your pot are large, then the small expanded clay just spills out. A cheaper option for drainage is broken shards from clay pots, sometimes pebbles, polystyrene.
Expanded clay for flowers can be of different sizes
Planting and transplanting plants after purchase
Unlike his close brother, hippeastrum, it is almost impossible to find onion eucharis on sale, or rather, amateur flower growers sell them on forums and local sites. This is due to the dormant period of the plant, which passes with leaves, which complicates the transfer of planting material.
As a rule, Amazonian lily is already sold in pots and a conscientious seller takes care of the soil and no transplant is required.
If you got from a friend the bulb of eucharis without earth, but with leaves (they are usually separated when transplanting an adult plant), then plant it like this:
- For one bulb or a child with a leaf, we select a small pot 12-15 cm high with drainage holes.
Be sure to lay a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot - it can even be polystyrene
- At the bottom, lay 2-3 cm of expanded clay and pour 5 cm of earth.
- We put the onion, spreading the roots horizontally on the surface, you can pour a knoll under the bottom and lower the roots along its slopes. Caution, the roots of eucharis are juicy and very fragile. The top of the bulb should be below the top edge of the pot.
When planting the bulb of eucharis, the top of the bulb should be underground
- We fill the ground with a bulb with a crown so that there is 1-2 cm of earth above it. If the bulb is small and there are no leaves, then the top of the crown is not covered with earth.
We fill the ground with the bulbs completely, then the leaves and peduncles appear directly from the ground
- We compact the soil around the plant and water it very sparingly.
- In the first 2-3 weeks, watering is rare, if it is very hot, then periodically spray the leaves. As a rule, eucharis quickly takes root and releases new leaves.
Purchased eucharis from the store in the shipping pot must be transplanted with a complete replacement of the soil, as they are often planted in clean peat and poured heavily, which can lead to rot of the bulb.
Detailed video about transplanting and dividing eucharis
Every 2-3 years it is advisable to transplant eucharis into new soil and sometimes a larger pot. If the division of the bush is not planned, then transshipment of the plant is done.
- The desired pot is selected, with a diameter of 3-4 cm larger than the previous one. Stacked drainage
- The old plant is pulled out of the pot and carefully placed on an oilcloth or table. Decaying leaves can be slightly tied with a soft belt so that the bush does not fall apart.
- We shake out the top layer of the earth, usually to the roots, select expanded clay from below. On the side of a good bush, mostly only the roots are visible.
- Pour fresh earth into a new pot with a layer of 2-4 cm (depends on the difference between the heights of the old and new pots). We make a small mound, on which we install plants.
- Gently twisting the bush, we press it into the ground so that the soil penetrates between the roots. If the old drainage is not removed, then just put the eucharis on the new soil.
- Fill the space between the plant and the walls of the pot. Seal.
- Sprinkle fresh earth on top. Pour.
Try not to transplant plants in vain, if every year you will injure it, separate the children from the young plant, indulging the requests of acquaintances, then your eucharis will not bloom.
Supports for Eucharis
Usually eucharis maintains the weight of its leaves, but often newly transplanted specimens with huge leaves fall to the sides, then they put such supports, placing the plant inside and preventing the leaves from falling.
The support for leaves does not allow the plant to fall apart
Peduncles, as a rule, stand firmly and do not require support.
Eucharis is decorative all year round, but to see its beautiful flowers, you should still follow the rules for caring for it.
Watering and feeding
Care in accordance with the schedule of the growth cycle: during the period of active vegetation, many new leaves appear, so at this time it is watered often, 2-3 times a week, especially with dry and hot contents.
Scheme of life cycles of eucharis: Roman numeral - month number, the number next to it shows the first or second half of the month. Green color - active vegetation, foliage growth, red color - flowering, yellow color - rest of the plant
During the growth period, we regularly feed the plant, you can use special fertilizer for bulbs. Very often, during the period of rapid growth of eucharis, fertilizers with a high nitrogen content are used to increase green mass, then moving on to fertilizing potassium-phosphorus fertilizers for laying peduncles and abundant flowering. During dormancy, eucharis is not fed.
It is advisable to water with soft water: melt snow or rain. If this is not possible, then ordinary tap water must be defended in an open container (bucket, can) for at least 1 day.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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With proper care, eucharis can bloom 2-3 times a year. Peduncle high, up to 70 cm, ends with 4-6 buds, which open alternately. At this time, it is undesirable to spray eucharis, since the white petals on which the drops fell are covered with brown spots.
Young children bloom only for 3-4 years, and subject to close maintenance, so they should be planted several bulbs in one pot.
Usually, adult bulbs in one pot produce peduncles at the same time.
For regular flowering, eucharis necessarily needs a change in the resting period and active growth.
Why eucharis does not bloom and how to fix it - table
|The reason for the lack of flowering||How to fix|
|Baby||A young baby only blooms for 3-4 years, have to wait|
|Too spacious||Eucharis blooms only surrounded by their own kind. Wait until it is overgrown with children or plant the same plants for it.|
|Temperature changes||Eukharis does not like day and night temperature drops, so do not take them to fresh air and protect them from drafts.|
|No resting stage||After the next flowering, you need to arrange a semi-dry content for 1.5–2 months, so that the soil in the pot half-dry.|
How the eucharis flower blossoms - a rare video
Stress as a stimulation of flowering
Most often, to stimulate flowering, eucharis is satisfied with stress - they do not water it for 3-4 weeks, by this time the leaves may even lose turgor (elasticity). But also if the plant stands in a dark room or outdoors in winter, then you can lighten it with phytolamps or rearrange it on a light windowsill. Sometimes a plant transplant helps.
What to do with the faded arrow?
Like all amaryllids, the flower arrow contains a lot of nutrients, so it needs to be removed only after it dries itself. Of course, it is not very nice to observe a yellow flower stalk, but it is undesirable to cut it off especially from young bulbs.
Eucharis really needs a period of rest. At this time, he does not discard the leaves, just consumes less moisture. The dormant period usually begins after flowering. Watering, and especially feeding the plant is not necessary.
A feature of eucharis is also that the resting period does not always fall in the winter months. Often, gardeners who go on vacation for the summer leave eucharis without watering, and it blooms in the fall.
During dormancy, eucharis does not drop leaves and remains very decorative
In winter, the temperature in the apartment is almost the same as in summer, about 25 degrees, so it can grow, produce new leaves and even bloom. It is not necessary to have cold water with limited watering. But if possible, on short winter days, you can do a backlighting with Full spectrum phytolamps (on the northern windows) or ordinary fluorescent or LED lamps, bringing the length of the day to 12 hours.
Eucharis grows from a bulb, so no formation is suitable. The only recommendation is to grow several bulbs together.
Care Errors - Table
|Description of the problem||Causes||Remedies|
|New leaves turn yellow, die, often without turning||Possible root problems, bulb rot||Dig out the bulb, rinse and inspect for rot, which may even be inside the bulb, with healthy external scales.|
|Gradually yellowing and dying leaves||Natural process||Often on one bulb you can see 2-3 leaves. When a new one appears, the old one necessarily dies.|
|Mass yellowing and death of leaves||Overflow, especially when watering with cold water and keeping at +10||Remove from the pot, rinse, cut out rotten areas, treat them with green stuff or sprinkle with charcoal. Dry the day and plant in a fresh substrate. Water very little.|
|Loss of leaf elasticity||Lack of moisture||Most often appears during dormancy, watering. If the turgor does not recover, then perhaps the flower has been supercooled in a draft or during transportation.|
|Leaf curl||Draft||Put in a warm place|
|Dry leaf tips||Lack of moisture in soil and air||Adjust watering and spraying, you can wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.|
|Frequent death of old leaves when new ones appear||Possible lack of light (winter) or power||Dose or fertilize with nitrogen fertilizers|
|Does not bloom||See table above.|
|Doesn't give kids||Close pot or too young plant||Usually, children appear in an adult bulb after flowering or in a spacious pot.|
|Leaves dry, bright spots||Excess light, sunburn||Often, unknowingly, eucharis is placed on a southern window, where leaves can get severe burns.|
|In winter, the leaves dry at the edges unevenly||Contact with a cold window||If eucharis is standing on a windowsill in winter, then those leaves that are pressed against the glass often dry with green - they are cold. Rearrange it away.|
Mistakes in care are easy to fix, but sometimes the plant begins to hurt or be attacked by pests.
Amazon Lily Diseases and Pests - Table
|Disease||Manifestation||Reasons for the appearance||Treatment|
|Gray rot||Leaves lose their elasticity, turn brown, are covered with gray mold, and die.||Subcooling at high humidity and watering with cold water.||Remove damaged leaves, treat eucharis with Fundazole or copper sulfate.|
|Stagonosporosis (red burn)||Elongated bright red spots on leaves, petioles, buds, peduncles, bulbs. The plant may die.||A fungal disease can be transmitted from diseased plants. Often purchased hippeastrums are carriers of stagonosporosis. It progresses with temperature changes, hypothermia.||For prevention, all purchased bulbs are etched with Maxim or a fungicide with a similar effect, soaking in the solution for 30 minutes, followed by 48-hour drying. In damaged bulbs, rot is cut to a healthy tissue and treated with brilliant green, dried for 1-2 days and planted in new soil.|
|Mushroom mosquito (sciaridae)||Small black midges flying around a plant||Excessive moisture in the topsoil.||Damage is caused by maggots - worms, eating roots. Try to dry and loosen the top layer of soil, hang Velcro from flies to collect midges, and spill the soil with Aktara.|
|Amaryllis Worm||The curvature of leaves and peduncles, hiding under the scales, can lead to the death of the plant.||Usually carried over with new diseased plants.||Spraying with Actara, Vertimek, Akarin|
|Spider mite||Leaves are covered with yellow dots, dry out, a cobweb is visible||Very dry air and the presence of affected plants nearby||Spraying phytoderm.|
Photogallery of diseases, mistakes in care
- In heavy soil, cold frequent watering, the bulb may rot
- A red burn inside the bulb, it is very difficult to save such a
- Bulbs of eucharis affected by a red burn
- Peduncle affected by a red burn
- Often with a lack of nutrition, the leaves of eucharis become checkered - you need to feed the plant
- Often when a peduncle or a new leaf appears, one or more old leaves die off - this is normal
Reproduction of eucharis
Eucharis is propagated by children, much less often by seeds.
Reproduction by children
Children appear in an adult bulb, whose age is more than 4 years. Sometimes a transplant into a good and nutritious soil stimulates the appearance of children and the release of a peduncle. Most often, the separation of children from maternal bushes occurs during a plant transplant.
Attention, amaryllis juice, including eucharis, is poisonous. Use gloves.
- A large bush is pulled out of the old pot and divided into separate bulbs. Caution with the roots - they are fragile.
- Separate young children from the mother's bulb. If the diameter of the onion is very small and there are no leaves on it, it is better to leave it to grow and not to separate. It is advisable that the children also have their roots. Sprinkle the places of cuts with charcoal.
We divide the mother bush into children, for planting we take bulbs with roots and a leaf, and we do not separate the smallest ones
- We transplant the children into separate pots, preferably in a group, leaving 3-4 cm of free space between them.
Poor pot selection for one onion. Need much smaller in volume
- Adult plants are planted in a new pot with soil replacement.
Eucharis does not multiply by petioles, leaves or part of a leaf.
Bulbs very often have no roots. This is due to rotting of the bulb or from too early separation from the mother plant. Such children are dried for about a day and planted in moist vermiculite. Due to the friability and sterility of this soil, the roots appear quickly enough.
A young rotten bulb with a baby without roots resuscitated in vermiculite and gave a new sprout
In indoor floriculture, such propagation is used very rarely - mainly for experiments, since bulbs grown from seeds bloom no earlier than 5 years later.
To obtain boxes with seeds of eucharis, you need to independently pollinate
To obtain a trihedral seed box, flowers are pollinated artificially by running a brush or cotton bud over the stamens and pestle, but unlike hippeastrum, seed boxes are very rarely tied. They do not cut it off until it begins to dry and crack.
The collected seeds are sown in a bowl with moist soil and sprinkled with soil, covered with a bag and put in a warm place. Usually after 2-3 weeks the first leaves appear. With 2-3 leaves, young seedlings can be transplanted into separate pots of 3-4 things next.
Video - care and problems of growing eucharis
And I already do not hope for the flowering of my bastard! An adult onion and 2 children are sitting in a small pot. On an adult, 4 sheets, on children of 3, this is a constant value. If a new leaf climbs, then on this bulb one of the old leaves dies. Sits on the east window through the balcony. Well, he doesn’t understand. And persuaded, and threatened with a bucket, nothing to break through.
I want to tell how I gained bitter experience ... In the first 2 attempts, 2 flowers were brutally flooded with me (in turn). In our climate (Brest), before watering, it is MANDATORY to dry the earth. Never pour on raw and it is imperative that all excess water spills out. The bulb is always rotting characteristic - it seems that the leaf does not have enough water, it seems to wither - it lowers its head, and then it turns yellow (it does not dry out, but turns yellow). The last bulb was resuscitated. I dug up an almost inanimate bulb with the last rotting leaf. She cut everything rotten (she didn’t tear it off), held it in an antifungal solution, sprinkled it with charcoal, dried the water on the bulb and planted it in dry ground. Leaf sprinkled with epin. He stuck out like that for 2.5 weeks (only the leaf sprayed). Then she began to water the method from dry to dry (she put it in the bathroom and spilled it through + antifungal solution at the end, and how the excess water flows out - onto the western window. She survived like. She began to treat it in April-May, and now she has the second new sheet grows. And yet ... rotting always began in the offseason when there is no heating - now I will not water at all at this time. She does not tolerate coolness and watering at the same time ...
Natalya N Regular
As far as I noticed, my eucharis does not tolerate pots without draining. I agree to the poorest sand dune, to the shade, to anything, even to multiple transplants, it doesn’t react so badly - but give it to him with a plum.
I had eucharis at work, also buzzing. Brought home, began to transplant. Instead of land, there was a lump, barely cleared the onion, there were two of them. On one there were no roots, no leaves. Ode transplanted separately in new pots - with good ground + good drainage. Sprinkled epin and on the window (s-in). That bulb, which was also with roots and leaf, immediately went to growth. After a while, the second one was born!
During flowering, you just have to wait until the pestle ripens ... Calmly pollinate and observe the care. After the flower withers and falls, the bud on the peduncle will begin to swell until it grows completely. Then he himself must somehow either burst or fall off)))) And it is not difficult to pollinate the bulbous flower: a small amount of mucus should appear on the ripe pestle (for germination of the stamens), you will immediately notice it, it is slightly sticky. As soon as it appears, either with your finger, or better with a brush (possible from drawing), rub a few stamens (so that the pollen settles on the brush) and then grease the pestle with it, leaving a certain amount on it. As soon as the stamen appears on the pestle, it begins to sprout, like a seed in the ground. Thus, it (stamen) grows through the entire barrel of the pestle until it reaches the pericarp))) It seems to be so ... Then watch, the fruit should begin to swell. This is all a long process, do not expect results after a few days. The fetus can form from a week to a month.
It is believed that eucharis fills the room with energy, and during flowering relieves fatigue from all and energizes, restoring mental comfort. But do not put it near the beds, especially flowering specimens.