Dracaena Sander - a real decoration for your home
"Bamboo of Happiness" or Dracaena Sander grows well in room conditions, but allows you to get just fantastic shapes, which is appreciated by amateurs. Exotic appearance and wide opportunities to give the plant completely original bends, and in a fairly short time, attracts many who wish to decorate their house with this plant. It’s easy to look after Dracaena Sandera if you know the basic rules.
Description of Dracaena Sander
Indoor bamboo looks similar to ordinary, but has large leaves. It does not require too much effort. Dracene Sander has enough proper care: plentiful and frequent watering, adequate lighting.
In our stores, Dracaena Sander is often sold as "bamboo of happiness" or "Lucky Bamboo"
The origin of Dracaena Sander
But this is not the bamboo that came to Europe from China and Japan at the beginning of the 19th century. Despite the fact that scientists have bred more than 100 species of bamboo that can grow well in European conditions, Dracaena Sander does not apply to any of these species. By and large, this is not bamboo at all. In fact, the plant belongs to the asparagus family.
The fleshy stem is the main difference between Dracaena Sander and bamboo
Variety of shapes
Many in the Sander dracaena are attracted by a twisted stalk, which is achieved by changing the position of the plant relative to light and the horizontal level.
How to get the twisted stalk of Dracaena Sander
Specialists working to give the plant a certain shape, use a narrow beam of light, which periodically changes direction.
Instructions for growing spiral sander dracaena:
- A peg is placed near the stem of Dracaena Sander.
- Around the peg gradually twists the stem.
- And so that the stalk looks like a tightly twisted spiral, from above it is fixed with wire or ropes, preventing it from rising.
When the stem hardens, the plant will take the form of a pretty curl forever
How to achieve the shape of a “pigtail” stem
Instructions for growing Sander dracaena in the form of a "pigtail":
- Three or more young stems are planted in a pot.
- The stems are braided into braids, leaving a small distance between them so that the plants have room to thicken.
- At the end, weaving is fixed with a rope or any other improvised means. Scars may remain from the wire, so it is best to use soft garters such as a wide ribbon or polyethylene twisted into a strip.
The plant should be inspected periodically and, if necessary, loosen
Conditions of detention
“Bamboo of happiness” is an unpretentious plant that is easy to grow at home. But its decorative qualities are very appreciated.
Dracaena Sander feels great indoors and reaches a height of 1 meter. The leaves are slightly twisted, up to 23 cm long, have a grayish-green color. It is unpretentious in growing, does not need spraying - the plant tolerates dry air easily.
Dracaena Sander is considered a very tenacious plant - in natural conditions it is quite difficult to destroy, and in indoor plants it grows and pleases the owners with its exotic look
If dracaena grows in water, it needs to be changed at least once every two weeks, and the water should stand at least one day before. In winter, the plant is not sprayed, but wiped with a damp cloth.
In stores, dracaena can be sold not in a pot, but in a vessel with water, but it is recommended to grow it in the soil
Dracaena is also sold in stores in “bunches” when several stems of dracaena grow in a common pot from almost one place and are an interesting composition.
Sander Dracaena Care Rules
The following basic care requirements must be observed:
- to pour warm, settled water, and preferably melt;
- avoid excess water in the pot;
- periodically feed with fertilizers starting in March;
- keep the plant in a place where there is enough sunlight;
- periodically prune young shoots and leaves;
- transplant as necessary, but at least once every two years.
Also, material on the rules for trimming dracaena will be useful: rastenija / dratsena-kak-obrezat-dlya-vetvleniya.html
Video: interesting facts about Drazen Sander
Landing and transplanting
An important stage in the cultivation of Sander dracaena is its proper planting and transplantation.
Planting in the soil
The shops sell special soil that is created directly for dracen, but you can prepare it yourself.
The mixture is taken in the proportions: 2 parts of leafy soil, 1 part of turf and 1 part of sand. In such soil, the plant will feel as comfortable as possible.
In a special palm land without work on formation, the plant resembles an ordinary palm tree, the trunk of which becomes stiff over time, and the top is decorated with sweeping decorative leaves
Before filling the pot with soil, you need to take care of the drainage system, which is used as pebbles, river or sea, expanded clay pellets and other material. Shoots that have reached 10 cm can be planted in the ground. Slices on the plant during propagation are sprinkled with powdered activated carbon.
Growing “bamboo of happiness” in water and gel
The water in which Dracaena Sander is grown is prepared in advance so that it can settle. The temperature of the replacement water should not differ from that in which the plant is located so that there is no additional stress. The optimum temperature is 21–25 ° C. Fertilizers, if necessary, are previously dissolved in water.
In winter, the dracaena contained in the water also needs to be lit with a lamp, and in the summer try to prevent too high temperatures. At more than 35 ° C, the plant begins to turn yellow and drop leaves.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Tips for growing Sander dracaena:
- In order for a houseplant to grow well, he needs to create optimal lighting and temperature conditions.
- Dracaena Sander grows at almost any temperature, but the best results are obtained at 16–21 ° C.
- Lighting should be bright, but taking into account the fact that the leaves of the plant are tender and burnt spots may form from direct sunlight.
- If you intend to put dracaena on the windowsill, then not on the south. When all the windows are facing south, it is better to abandon the windowsill and put the plant next to it.
- In winter there are not many sunny days, there will obviously not be enough light, so they use electric sources for highlighting. An incandescent lamp is not suitable for this, and the source of cold daylight will be just right. It is even better to use special phytolamps that are designed to illuminate plants.
Dracaena Sander takes up a lot of space, so other large plants are not placed next to her
Dracaena Sander loves a middle ground - ideally, the soil should be slightly moist. Too much and not enough water is bad. In practice, it looks like a good full watering once a week, if the plant is in a pot with soil.
When kept in water, it is necessary to periodically change the water, using only that which has been left for one day. It is advisable to do this at least once every two weeks so that a putrefactive odor does not appear.
You can add a little fertilizer to the new water, but do this with caution, since an overdose will adversely affect the plant - it draws the necessary substances out of the water faster.
The plant perceives warm “rain” very well, it is enough to carry out this procedure once a month, the water should be slightly warm. It is important to ensure that water after such irrigation does not accumulate in the space between the leaves, which can lead to decay of the plant. The described watering regimen is good for winter, in summer the frequency of watering is doubled, and on especially hot days they are watered every other day. Additional humidification of the air around the plant is not required.
Standard humidity conditions in the room - 30-60% are quite suitable for the successful cultivation of dracaena
To activate the growth of Sander dracaena, foliar top dressing is used.
Feeding Sander dracaena, which is planted in the soil
A plant that is planted in the soil needs periodic top dressing, especially since spring. At this time, you can feed once a month, in the summer the frequency is increased. But it is desirable to reduce the amount of fertilizer when the plant enters the phase of active growth. It will be enough to take one third of the norm that is indicated on the packaging of the fertilizer used.
It’s easy to choose fertilizers for dracaena, you can use universal mineral fertilizers sold in stores, with little or no organic addition
Feeding Sander dracaena, which is in the water
A plant that constantly “lives” in water needs more nutrients, but it is important to be careful and not overdose. The leaves of the plant are very susceptible to nutrients coming from spraying. It is better to carry out the spraying procedure with the addition of fertilizers in the morning, after preliminary conducting normal watering with clean water. Root and leaf dressing should not be carried out simultaneously, it is better to alternate them.
Flowering Dracaena Sander
The period of flowering of dracaena coincides with the warm season
Care in the summer, when dracaena begins to bloom, boils down to plentiful watering and top dressing. The plant is sure to “thank” with beautiful white flowers with a pleasant aroma. And red berries will become a real decoration of indoor bamboo. The dormant period of the plant is not expressed.
Table: main care errors and how to fix them
|Symptoms||Cause||What to do|
|The upper leaves turn yellow, but retain elasticity.||A lot of calcium in soil or in water.||Reduce water hardness. At home, this can be done using special filters for water purification or electromagnetic devices.|
|Leaves seem lifeless and lose their luster.||Excess light. Spider mite.||Rinse the leaves of the plant with water. To process a plant from a tick.|
|Discoloration of the leaves.||Lack of magnesium and iron.||Micronutrient nutrition.|
|Leaves discolor to transparency.||Lack of nitrogen.||Fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers.|
|Leaves are drooping.||Lack or excess of moisture. Other causes: dry hot air, cramped pot, pests.||Process from pests with one of the drugs: Aktara, Fitoverm, Actellik, Fufanon according to the instructions. If necessary, transplant the plant or rearrange the pot to another place.|
|Leaves curl and dry.||Lack of moisture.||It is good to saturate the soil with moisture, water the plant from above, rearrange in a cool place.|
|Leaves turn yellow and fall.||Excessive watering and poor conditions.||Check soil moisture, light, correctness and frequency of top dressing.|
|Leaves suddenly fall.||May be caused by shock.||Reduce the amount of light, provide sufficient watering, do not move the pot.|
Dracaena at home is rarely affected by pests, only if the conditions of care do not suit her at all. The real enemies of bamboo happiness are a red spider mite and mealy bugs.
You can learn about how to deal with diseases and pests of dracaena from the material: rastenija / bolezni-i-vrediteli-draceny-kak-raspoznat-problemu-i-borotsya-s-nej.html
Powdery mildew can be controlled by insecticides, but it’s easier to buy a new plant
Reproduction of Dracaena Sander
Most often, Dracaena Sander is propagated with cuttings and shoots, killing two birds with one stone. On the one hand, they obtain material for propagation, on the other hand, they give the plant a decorative look.
Instructions for breeding Dracaena Sander:
- The stalk is cut into segments from 5 to 10 cm. Secateurs are best for pruning. Cope with the work and special garden shears.
- Leave a stump of at least 7 cm in size, otherwise the plant may not cope with stress. A correctly trimmed stump is rejuvenated and again turns into a beautiful plant.
- Most often root the dracaena in a vertical way, deepening into the soil - 2-3 cm.
- The soil near the recess is sprinkled with sand. It is in the sand layer that the very first roots appear. In a horizontal way, several independent plants can be obtained from one cuttings at once.
The best time to prune and root new cuttings is early spring.
The planted stalk is watered with melt water, which contains less harmful salts. And also one of the root-forming preparations, of which there are many, is added to the water. The most common root growth stimulant is Kornevit. For dracenaceae, it is better to take spacious pots with holes and a mandatory drainage device in them. Propagation of “bamboo of happiness” by cuttings is the most practical option in all respects.
You can learn more about the methods of propagation of dracaena from the material: rastenija / dratsena-razmnozhenie-v-domashnih-usloviyah.html
Video: propagation of Dracaena Sander by cuttings
This process will seem much more complicated and painstaking, although the seeds of Dracaena Sander can be bought at almost any store. But they will have to be approached very seriously - it’s a rather laborious task. For good germination of seeds, high humidity is needed, which is convenient to maintain, for example, in a plastic box by placing the seeds on a damp cloth or cloth .
Disinfection is carried out with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate (weak pink color), keeping the seeds in it for 20 minutes
The place should be warm, add water as needed.
As soon as the first sprouts appear, the seedlings are transplanted into cups with light soil, which you can buy or prepare yourself from turf and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. They are buried no more than 1.5 cm. Glasses with planted sprouts are covered with a film on top and put in a warm place with plenty of light. Once a day, the film is opened to ventilate the air. It is dangerous to flood young plants with plenty of water - watering should be neat and very metered.
In cups, dracaena seedlings can remain for about 4 months. When they reach the height of the same number of centimeters (4-5), you can transplant them into pots, with proper further care beautiful decorative plants will grow from them.
Formation of Sander Dracaena
The degree of decorativeness depends on the imagination of the owner of the plant. The fact is that dracaena contain dots on the entire surface of the trunk. They are arranged in a spiral. So, you can make an incision in any place, and an additional branch will begin to grow from it. It is this property of dracaena that allows you to get amazing decorative options from it. And if you add to the pruning the use of wire or ribbons to redirect the growth of existing branches, this will increase the decorative possibilities.
From Dracaena Sander you can form a beautiful multi-level cascade
Dracaena Sander, better known as “Bamboo of Happiness”, feels great in our apartments. It can be given such amazing shapes. Everyone who comes to visit you will be shocked by its beauty.