Dogwood: how to choose a suitable variety and care for the crop

Dogwood is appreciated by gardeners not only as decorative, but also unpretentious, abundantly fruiting shrub. Its sweet and sour berries are very healthy. In the middle zone of Russia, it is still not widely distributed, but the situation is changing, since breeders have already bred quite a lot of varieties with increased frost resistance.

Plant description

Dogwood is a genus of shrubs and stunted trees from the Kizilovye family. In nature, culture is widespread in the south and east of Europe, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea, in Asia Minor, also found in China, Japan, South Africa, America.

The name of the plant is due to the bright scarlet color of the berries - in translation from Turkic "dogwood" means "red". This shade is due to the high content of anthocyanins, which are extremely beneficial for health.

Dogwood is prevalent in Russia mainly in the Crimea, the Black Sea region, and the Caucasus.

The plant's productive life spans 150–250 years. During this time, the dogwood shrub grows to 3 m in height, and the tree grows to 5–8 m. The first harvest can be expected 10–12 years after the seedling is planted in the ground. Until this age, shoots differ in growth rate, adding 45–50 cm per season, then it drops sharply, to 8–10 cm per year. After the first fruiting, dogwood brings the crop regularly; for starters, you can count on 12-15 kg of berries from the bush.

Dogwood fruits take several months to mature.

The bark on young branches is green with a yellowish tint, as it grows older, the shade changes to gray, sometimes with an olive or reddish tint. The shoots are quite thin, nyknuyus. Leaves in the form of an elongated oval, with a sharply sharpened tip, are located opposite each other. The front side of the front plate is darker than the inside, glossy glitters.

Dogwood in the south blooms in late March or in the first half of April. The buds open before the leaves. Small bright yellow or creamy white flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form of an umbrella or scutellum with a diameter of 5–6 cm. Depending on the variety, flowering lasts from 15–20 to 60–70 days.

Depending on the variety, the flowering of dogwood lasts from 15 to 70 days

The fruits of dogwood (drupes) ripen for a long time. Usually the crop is harvested in September or in the first half of October. In most natural varieties, the berries are painted in deep scarlet or red-orange. Occasionally there are white, yellow, pinkish, purple, almost black. The average length of the oval or pear-shaped fruit is 2–4 cm, weight 3–6 g. The sweet and sour flesh is very juicy, with a refreshing taste, slightly tart and astringent.

Dogwood does not suffer from autumn frosts. In contrast, frozen berries only improve their taste.

Most often, the fruits of dogwood are red, but there are other shades

Berries are distinguished by universality of purpose. In addition to eating fresh dogwood, it is dried, frozen, dried, used to prepare sauces for meat dishes, homemade wines, liquors and liquors, as well as preserves and compotes.

Any homemade dogwood blanks are very tasty and fragrant

Dogwood is a good honey plant, but at the time when it blooms, it is still quite cold. The particular activity of pollinating insects is not observed. Therefore, the culture is considered self-infertile. If the dogwood is planted with the expectation of a future crop, it is advisable to have at least three of its varieties with similar flowering periods.

Common varieties and varieties

Recently dogwood has been popular with breeders. They mainly produce decorative varieties that are widely used in landscape design.

Dogwood

The most common species, including in Russia. The average height of the bush is 2–2.5 m. The flowers are greenish-yellow, the fruits are bright scarlet, elongated. Differs in unpretentiousness, can grow without leaving at all.

Its most popular varieties:

  • Pyramidalis. Shrub up to 4 m high with a pyramidal crown;
  • Nana A dwarf variety with a height of not more than 1 m, the crown, even without trimming, turns into an almost regular ball;
  • Variegata. Bright green leaves with a wide salad or white stripe along the edge;
  • Aurea. Very elegant golden yellow leaves;
  • Aurea Variegata. Golden spots and stripes stand out against the main green background of the leaf plate.

Photo gallery: breeding varieties of dogwood

Dogwood Pyramidalis is easy to identify thanks to its unusual shape crown

Dogwood Nana - one of the smallest hybrids

Dogwood Variegata - the most common variegated form

Dogwood Aurea, regardless of the season, looks very decorative

Dogwood Aurea Variegata appreciated for its unusual appearance

Dogwood white

It grows mainly in the Far East, in China, Japan. The average height of the shrub is up to 3 m, the shoots are thin, nickel. The bark is brick color. Young branches in the sun cast silver-gray. The surface of the sheet is slightly wrinkled. The flowers are white, buds open in early summer and in September, at the same time as fruiting. The berries are milky white, almost round.

Its varieties:

  • Elegantissima. Differs in high frost resistance. The shoots are crimson, dark green leaves are streaked with cream strokes, stripes, a blurry border is characteristic;
  • Siberica Aurea. The height of the bush is not more than 1.5–2 m, the leaves are pale yellow, the shoots are blood-red, the fruits are white, with a bluish tint;
  • Siberica Variegata. Bush up to 2 m high, shoots of coral color. The leaves are dark green with a wide white border. In the fall, the color changes to purple, but the hue of the bordering remains unchanged. The growth rate is not different, rarely bears fruit.

Photo gallery: white dogwood varieties

Dogwood Elegantissima fully lives up to the name

Dogwood Siberica Aurea looks unusual during flowering and fruiting

Dogwood Siberica Variegata is a slowly growing, rarely fruiting, but very decorative hybrid

Dogwood blood red

Shrub about 4 m high, intensively branching. The leaves are ovoid, almost round, in the fall they are painted in all shades of scarlet, crimson, crimson, and purple. The inside is densely pubescent. The flowers are small, greenish-white. The fruits are purple-black.

Breeding Varieties:

  • Vertissima (greenest). Bark, leaves and berries of bright green color;
  • Variegata. The leaves are dark green with milky white or lettuce spots. Green young shoots gradually change color to purple. The fruits are almost black;
  • Mitchii (Mitch). The leaves are dark green with a reddish undertone.

Photo Gallery: Blood-Red Breeding Dogwood Hybrids

Dogwood Vertissima - the only monochrome variety

In the cornel of the blood-red Variegata, the crimson shoots contrast effectively with the dark green foliage

Dogwood Mitchii looks like decoration for Christmas

Flowering dogwood

His homeland is North America. A low tree is distinguished by a very thickened spreading crown. In autumn, the leaves fall off, before changing color from green to purple.

Based on it, breeders have deduced:

  • Cherokee Chief. A tree 4–5 m high, flowers of a very unusual scarlet hue;
  • Rubra The leaves on one plant are colored in various shades of pink, from pale pastel to crimson.

Photo gallery: flowering dogwood and its varieties

Flowering dogwood - a low tree with a dense crown

Like all varieties of flowering dogwood, Cherokee Chief is characterized by abundant flowering

Dogwood Rubra flowers on one tree can be painted in different shades

Dogwood

Also inhabits North America. Loveable, grows mainly on the banks of rivers. A characteristic feature is the presence of a large number of basal shoots. The height of the bush is up to 2.5 m. The shoots are brick or coral, the flowers are milky white, the berries are cast in blue.

Decorative varieties:

  • White Gold. Leaves are bright green, with a wide milky white border;
  • Flaviramea. It differs in growth rate, the crown is almost spherical. The yellowish shoots in summer change color to green. In autumn, leaves (but not all) are cast in red;
  • Kelsey. The height of the bush is not more than 1 m, diameter - about 1.5 m. The bark is green with a reddish tint. Leaves in the autumn hold on the plant for a very long time, changing color to coral or dark scarlet.

Photo gallery: varieties of dogwood

Dogwood White Gold - a popular variegated variety

Cornel Flaviramea grows very quickly, this also applies to adult plants

Dogwood Kelsey looks very elegant for almost the entire fall

Dogwood Coase

It is found exclusively in nature in Japan and China. The height of the bush is 7–9 m. It is distinguished by decorative flowering. In the fall, the leaves become crimson.

Popular varieties:

  • Gold Star. The height of the bush is 5–6 m, leaf blades are bright green with a yellow spot at the central vein;
  • Milky Way. The bush is more than 7 m high, the flowers are large, with snow-white petals.

Photo gallery: Dogwood Coase and his varieties

Dogwood Coase - a very tall, but still bush

Dogwood Gold Star in height is slightly smaller than Dogwood Coase, on the basis of which it was bred

Doggy name Milky Way owes a shade of petals

Other varieties

Among gardeners, not only decorative, but also abundantly fruiting varieties of dogwood are popular. The most common in Russia are those that were bred by domestic breeders:

  1. Vavilovets. One of the earliest, berries are harvested in the 15th of August. Fruits weighing 6-8 g, in the form of a pear. The skin is dark scarlet, from afar it seems black. The pulp is blood red; it turns pink closer to the bone.
  2. Grenadier. Differs in stability and plentiful fruiting. Harvest ripens in early August. Fruits in the form of a cylinder, weighing 5-6 g. The skin is shiny, bright scarlet.
  3. Eugene. A variety of medium ripening period, the crop is harvested in the last decade of August or early September. Even completely ripe berries do not fall off the bush. Fruits are aligned, in the form of an ellipse, slightly tapering at the peduncle.
  4. Elena. A variety from the early category, characterized by high frost resistance (up to -35ºС). The fruits are oval, regular shape. The berries do not fall, even completely ripening. The average weight of the fetus is 5 g, the skin is dark scarlet (the black subton characteristic of many other varieties is absent). The pulp is sweet, with a slight acidity. The variety is productive (40–45 kg from the bush) and early (the first fruits 3 years after planting).
  5. Kostya. Late ripening dogwood ripening in late September or October. Berries do not fall off the tree. The average weight of the fetus is 5.5–6 g, and the skin is black-red.
  6. Coral. Depending on the weather in summer, the crop is harvested from the last decade of August to mid-September. The fruits are quite small, weighing 3-4 g, but the taste for cornel is very atypical - sweet, extremely similar to cherries. Ripe fruits quickly crumble. There is a variety of Coral Mark - fruits weighing 5-6 g, in shape similar to cherry plum.
  7. Vladimirsky. Ripens in the last decade of August. It has a high yield (50–55 kg from an adult bush) and a large berry size (8–10 g). Even ripening, they do not crumble. Resistant to drought, heat, disease. Fruits are cylindrical, slightly flattened.
  8. Lukyanovsky. Fruiting occurs at the very end of August. Berries in the form of a bottle, one-dimensional. Average weight 6–7 g. The skin is glossy, very dark scarlet.
  9. Gentle. The berries ripen in mid-August, annually. Pear-shaped fruits, bright yellow. Ripe berries shine through in the sun, a bone is clearly visible. The pulp is very tender, sweet and aromatic. The weight of the berry is 6–7 g. The average yield is 30–35 kg.
  10. Firefly. Fruits of a bottle form, weighing more than 7.5 g. Ripen in early September. The skin is dark scarlet, the flesh is even darker, cherry. The berries are very juicy. 50-60 kg of fruit are removed from an adult bush. The variety is resistant to drought, frost, disease.
  11. Semen. Variety of late ripening. The creators are positioned as self-fertile, but practice shows that this is not entirely true. Harvested in late September or early October. The peel is cherry, the weight of the pear-shaped fruit is 6–7 g. Frost resistance is not too high, up to -20ºС.
  12. Exotic. A variety of medium ripening. Berries weigh 7-7.5 g, the shape is elongated, bottled. The skin is dark cherry. Ripe fruits do not crumble.
  13. Alyosha. A variety with high winter hardiness and immunity. Pear-shaped berries, weighing 3-4 g. The skin is thin, sunny yellow. Harvest ripen in the last decade of August.
  14. Nikolka. Very productive early grade. Fruits are slightly flattened, quickly ripen as they ripen. The taste is pleasant, sweet-sour. The pulp is not too dense, but very juicy. Cherry peel. Productivity - 30–35 kg.
  15. Elegant. Early variety, has high immunity. Berries ripen in the first decade of August, sometimes even at the end of July. Yields are little affected by weather conditions. The fruits are elongated, symmetrical, bottle-shaped. The skin is almost black, average weight is 4–6 g. Productivity is up to 45 kg. Ripe berries that are not collected on time “wither” and do not crumble before frosts.

Photo gallery: dogwood varieties popular among Russian gardeners

Dogwood Vavilovets is easy to identify by the flesh that brightens at the bone

Dogwood Grenadier is stable and abundant fruiting

Kizil Evgeniya - one of the most popular varieties of medium ripening

Kizil Elena due to its high frost resistance can be grown in most of Russia

Dogwood Kostya matures one of the latest

The taste of the Coral variety is very atypical for dogwood

Kizil Vladimirsky is a productive, large-fruited variety resistant to adverse weather factors

Harvest dogwood Lukyanovsky harvested in late summer

Dogwood Tender - one of the few yellow-fruited varieties

Dogwood berries Firefly are very juicy

Kizil Semyon is considered by the creators to be self-fertile, but practice does not confirm this

Even completely ripe fruits of dogwood Exotic do not crumble from the bush

Dogwood Alyosha is appreciated for its good frost resistance and unusual appearance of fruits

Nikolka's dogwood must be collected on time so that the berries do not have time to crumble

Dogwood Elegant ripens before all other varieties

Landing procedure and preparation for it

The shrub is unpretentious to the quality of the soil. The only thing he categorically does not tolerate is acidification of the soil. Therefore, dogwood is not planted in lowlands and where groundwater comes closer to the surface of the earth closer than 1.5 m. It will bring the maximum possible yield when planted in a light but nutritious substrate that passes air and water well.

Initially, cornel is a southern plant, it tolerates direct sunlight quite well, but also adapts to the shade. However, the best option for him is light partial shade. If there is not enough light, the palatability of the fruit deteriorates, the yield decreases, the decorative pattern of variegated varieties fades, “erases”. You can place a shrub on a slope - in nature it often grows that way. It is advisable to choose a place immediately and forever, the plant transplant does not tolerate too well.

Dogwood brings the maximum possible yield, being planted in an open area and provided with enough space for food

Dogwood is a long-liver. This must be taken into account when choosing a place for planting, placing it at least 3-5 meters from other fruit trees, shrubs, and buildings. When planting several bushes at the same time for cross-pollination, they are placed at a maximum of 5 m from each other.

Selection of seedlings

Two-year-old seedlings take root best. Necessarily the presence of 3–6 skeletal shoots. The thickness of the trunk should be about 1.5 cm, the height should be at least 120 cm, the root system should be developed, with several roots 30 cm long. The bark is smooth, without cracks, creases, or “sagging”. Presence of flower buds is desirable. They can be distinguished from leaf ones by their larger size and rounded shape.

Dogwood seedlings are best obtained from a trusted nursery or from reputable private growers

Landing pit

A dogwood landing pit is prepared approximately 1–1.5 months before the procedure. Its depth should be 75–80 cm, diameter - about 1 m. At the bottom, a drainage layer about 10 cm thick is desirable. The top layer of fertile soil extracted from the pit is mixed with humus (20-30 l), as well as nitrogen, potash, phosphoric fertilizers. You can, for example, take carbamide (50–60 g), potassium sulfate (70–80 g) and simple superphosphate (150–180 g).

If the soil is acidic, in order to bring the acid-base balance to neutral, sieved wood ash, dolomite flour, and fluff lime (200-500 g) are added.

Drainage material is poured to the bottom of the dogwood pit - the plant does not tolerate stagnation of moisture

When planting, the root of the dogwood neck needs to be buried 3-4 cm into the ground, at the end of the procedure, water the seedling plentifully (25-30 l of water), mulch the soil in the near-stem circle and cut off the existing shoots, shortening them by about a third.

How the plant propagates

Amateur gardeners for propagation of dogwood use mainly vegetative methods. But you can try to grow a bush from the seed. True, in this case there is no guarantee of preservation of the varietal characteristics of the “parent”.

Rooting layering

Dogwood shoots are quite thin, nyknut, so bending them to the ground is not difficult. They can be laid in pre-excavated shallow trenches or fixed with wooden studs, pieces of wire. The branch is covered with a layer of humus 5–7 cm thick, leaving only the apex on the surface. Throughout the growing season, abundant watering is required. By autumn, 6–8 seedlings should appear. After a year, they are carefully separated from the mother plant and transplanted to a new place.

If you do not cover the whole shoot with earth, but only its middle, you will get only one new bush, but powerful and developed.

Rooting of layering is used by gardeners to breed dogwood most often.

Cuttings

As cuttings, only non-lignified shoot tips, cut from absolutely healthy bushes aged 5-6 years and older, are used. The length of the cuttings is 12–15 cm; a minimum of two pairs of leaves is mandatory. Cut planting material at an angle of 40–45º. You can do this all summer long.

The resulting cuttings are immediately put into water at room temperature for one day or a solution of any biostimulant (Epin, Kornevin, succinic acid, aloe juice). Lower leaves, if they are immersed in water, cut off.

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Rooted dogwood in moss-sphagnum or in a mixture of peat with coarse river sand, perlite, vermiculite. Cuttings are planted at an angle - this stimulates the development of accessory roots. Then they are covered with bags or cropped bottles (they should not touch the handle), creating a "greenhouse". The optimal conditions for rooting are a temperature of about 25 ° C, a constantly moderately moist substrate, daylight hours of at least 10 hours, and the absence of direct sunlight.

The root system actively develops in the cuttings planted at an angle

After 2-3 weeks, you can begin to remove the "greenhouse". The time without protection is gradually extended from 1–2 to 14–16 hours. After 15-20 days, the shelter can be completely removed.

During the year, cuttings are kept at home, monthly watering with a solution of nitrogen-containing fertilizer (3-5 g / l). The following autumn, dogwood can be planted in the ground.

Budding

The method requires the gardener to have some experience. In fact, budding is the same vaccination, but in this case, not a whole branch is used, but one growth bud. The stock is “wild” dogwood species. The probability of success of the procedure, if everything is done correctly, is 85–90%. Spend it from mid-summer to early fall.

An X- or T-shaped incision with a depth of not more than 5 mm is made in the rootstock bark with a scalpel or razor blade. The bark is gently bent. A growth bud is cut off from the scion along with a shield of surrounding tissues 2-3 mm thick and 3-4 cm in diameter.

The most important thing in the budding process is to touch the growth bud as little as possible

Щиток с почкой вставляют в надрез на подвое, всю конструкцию надёжно фиксируют, обматывая лейкопластырем, скотчем или специальной окулировочной лентой. Почка остаётся открытой. Примерно через месяц она должна «проснуться». Если так и случилось, все побеги выше места прививки удаляют.

Выращивание куста из косточки

Выращивание кизила генеративным способом растягивается надолго. Плодоносят такие кусты не ранее, чем через 8–10 лет после высадки на постоянное место. Тем не менее, метод нередко применяется для выращивания сеянцев «дикого» кизила, которые затем будут использоваться в качестве подвоя. Практика показывает: быстрее всходят семена, взятые из только что собранных слегка недозрелых ягод.

Семена кизила во избежание развития гнили тщательно очищают от мякоти

Извлечённые из костянок семена (тщательно очищенные от мякоти и просушенные) в течение года выдерживают во влажном мхе или опилках при температуре 5–6ºС. Это обязательно, иначе всхожесть составит не более 30%, а появления сеянцев придётся ждать около двух лет.

Перед высадкой семена на 3 суток опускают в 2%-й раствор серной кислоты или гашёной извести, ежедневно меняя его. Затем их высаживают в любой универсальный грунт для рассады либо в смесь торфа и песка, заглубляя на 3–5 см. Условия аналогичны тем, что создаются для укореняющихся черенков.

Скоростью роста сеянцы не отличаются. За первый год они вытягиваются до 4–5 см, за второй — до 12–15 см. Такие растения уже можно переносить в открытый грунт.

Dividing the bush

Делением куста размножают только кусты кизила старше 10 лет, совмещая процедуру с пересадкой. Из одного куста можно получить 3–4 новых растения. Корни по возможности распутывают, там, где это невозможно, разрезают остро заточенным стерильным ножом. Раны присыпают толчёным мелом, просеянной древесной золой. Перед высадкой на новое место сухие корни обрезают полностью, оставшиеся укорачивают на 3–5 см.

Прикорневой порослью

Кизил охотно образует прикорневую поросль. Её достаточно отделить от материнского растения и пересадить на новое место. Метод не подходит для привитых кустов, ведь в этом случае поросль образует «дикий» подвой.

Многие сорта кизила охотно образуют прикорневую поросль

Важные нюансы ухода

Кизил, если уделить ему совсем немного времени и сил, отблагодарит садовода ежегодными и обильными урожаями. Уход заключается в поливе, внесении удобрений и периодической обрезке.

Watering

Корневая система у кизила поверхностная, поэтому он вполне может обойтись естественными осадками. Но при сильной жаре и продолжительной засухе полив всё же нужен, особенно во время созревания плодов. Достаточно одного раза в неделю. Норма на взрослое растение — 30–40 л.

Явный признак того, что растению не хватает влаги — сворачивающиеся трубочкой вдоль центральной прожилки листья.

Чересчур обильный полив — практически единственный способ наверняка загубить кустарник. Застоя влаги у корней кизил не переносит.

Воду льют не под корень, а в кольцевые канавки или борозды между кустами. При наличии технической возможности желательно организовать капельный полив. Дождевание для кизила — неподходящий вариант. Каждый раз после процедуры грунт в приствольном круге рыхлят на глубину 7–10 см.

Растению, чтобы нормально подготовиться к зиме, нужен влагозаряжающий полив. От него можно отказаться, если осень выдаётся очень дождливой и холодной. На взрослый куст расходуют 70–80 л воды. Проводят его примерно через 2 недели после окончания плодоношения.

Fertilizer application

Кизил выживает и плодоносит вообще без подкормок, но внесение удобрений положительно сказывается на урожайности и декоративности. Растение с благодарностью отзывается как на органические, так и на минеральные составы.

  1. Весной для интенсивного наращивания зелёной массы кизилу нужен азот. В конце апреля его поливают раствором карбамида, сульфата калия, аммиачной селитры (15 г на 10 л).
  2. Раз в 2–3 года одновременно с весенним рыхлением почвы в приствольном круге распределяют 2–3 ведра перегноя или перепревшего навоза.
  3. Для вызревания плодов важны фосфор и калий. В июле и августе кизил поливают разведённым в воде суперфосфатом и сульфатом калия (по 20–25 г на 10 л). Природный источник этих макроэлементов — древесная зола, из неё готовят настой.

Урожайность кизила увеличивается, если он высажен в субстрат, обогащённый кальцием. Поэтому раз в 2–3 года под кустом рекомендуется рассыпать доломитовую муку, гашёную известь, измельчённую в порошок яичную скорлупу.

Доломитовая мука — природный раскислитель грунта, одновременно обогащающий почву кальцием

Pruning

В формирующей обрезке кизил не нуждается. Единственное исключение — ландшафтный дизайн, когда кустарнику придаётся неестественная фантазийная конфигурация. Растение от природы обладает кроной правильной красивой формы и способно поддерживать её без посторонней помощи.

Кустам кизила можно придать необычную форму, но они достаточно симпатично выглядят и без этого

At the same time, do not forget to trim the sanitary. It is carried out annually, in early spring, before the kidneys "wake up". In the process, they get rid of all branches that have frozen out, dried out, broken under the weight of snow. Thin shoots growing down and deep into the crown, weak, twisted, clearly violating the correct configuration are also removed.

For cutting use only sharpened and sanitized scissors, knives, pruners. If the diameter of the cut exceeds 0.5 cm, it is washed with a 2% solution of copper sulfate and covered with garden var.

The trimmer must be clean and sharpened.

Every 10–15 years, radical anti-aging pruning is performed, getting rid of all branches aged 10 years and older. If there are too many of them, the procedure can be extended to 2-3 seasons. Dogwood transfers it well, fully recovering as early as next year.

On the grafted dogwood, all the shoots are necessarily removed below the rootstock. Otherwise, the bush again "runs wild."

Video: how to cut dogwood

Typical Diseases and Pests

Dogwood suffers extremely rarely from diseases and pests. This also applies to natural varieties and breeding hybrids. If summer is very cold and rainy, rust may develop.

The disease can be easily identified by the bright saffron-colored fleecy spots appearing on the inside of the leaves. Gradually they become denser, change their color to copper or rust. For prevention, dogwood is sprayed in early spring with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid or copper sulphate. Having found the characteristic symptoms, any fungicide is used (Skor, Chorus, Kuprozan, Abiga-Peak). Usually enough 2-3 treatments with an interval of 7-10 days.

To combat rust, as well as with many other pathogenic fungi, copper-containing preparations are used.

Of the pests, dogwood can occasionally affect worms. Colonies of insects on the bush can be mistaken for sprinkled flour. The affected parts of the plant turn yellow, dry and fall, the shoots are deformed, the bush practically stops growing. For prophylaxis, dogwood is dusted once every 12-15 days with sifted wood ash, crushed chalk, colloidal sulfur, and crumb tobacco. Having found pests, Mospilan, Confidor-Maxi are used.

Worms feed on plant juice

Features of dogwood cultivation in different regions of Russia

Due to the large varietal variety of dogwood, this shrub can be grown in many regions of Russia, taking into account the following factors:

  1. Dogwood fruits ripen for a rather long time, therefore, for the northern regions of Russia, as well as its middle strip, varieties with early ripening should be chosen (Vavilovets, Elena, Elegant).
  2. The optimal time for planting dogwood in the southern regions is approximately mid-October (2-3 weeks before the onset of frost). In northern areas, the event needs to be organized earlier. In the spring, dogwood is planted very rarely. This is due to the fact that the vegetative period in the plant begins early, in most regions the soil by this time simply does not have time to warm up enough.
  3. Bushes grown in regions with a subtropical climate do not need special shelter for the winter. The exception is young seedlings under the age of 5 years. It is better for them to mulch the roots by creating a peat or humus layer at the base of the bush about 15 cm thick. In regions with a temperate climate, winter can be quite warm as well as abnormally frosty and not very snowy. To avoid freezing, young bushes are covered with cardboard boxes of suitable size, stuffed with straw, shavings, sawdust. Adult plants bind branches in several pieces and wrap the bush with several layers of any covering material that allows air to pass through. As soon as enough snow falls, heap up a high snowdrift. During the winter it is renovated several times, as the snow settles. For the northern regions, it is worth choosing frost-resistant dogwood varieties (Elena, Svetlyachok, Alyosha).

Gardeners reviews

If you plant a dogwood in central Russia, then the optimum is early spring, if you plant in the south (for example, in the Crimea), then the best time is autumn, when the seedlings manage to take root, heal the damaged root system and grow young suction roots in the spring, and then successfully resist early spring droughts and dry winds. I will add: in the garden plots, digging and refueling holes are necessary for six months - in the spring for autumn planting and in the fall - for spring. In recent years, it has been established that dogwood is quite winter-hardy in the middle zone of Russia; it acclimatized in Moscow and the Moscow Region. I read that dogwood can withstand prolonged frosts - over -30 ° C and is found in landings at the latitude of St. Petersburg. BUT! I know people who grow dogwood in the suburbs, but for some reason they do not bear fruit in them. In the south (for example, in the Kuban and in the Rostov region) dogwood practically does not freeze, but often suffers from summer drought and dry winds.

Evgen

My dogwood is growing well! Cottage 20 km north of Moscow. Brought from the Crimea a small seedling, dug in the mountains. Planted on the west side of the blank fence. That way in 2002. Since then, the bush has grown safely, pushing. Today it is a bush 2 meters high and in diameter. Handsome! But does not bear fruit. I read that you need at least 2 bushes, as self-fertile. I have never seen bloom, so early we do not go to the cottage.

ElenaOK

Dogwood both grows and bears fruit. But he probably needs pollinators. I only grew one bush, it bloomed well, but did not bear much fruit - one or two handfuls of berries. I bought some sort of varietal for him. This varietal constantly froze, and did not grow above snow. And my bush was probably not purebred - the berries are not large, they grew terribly fast in height, at a height of 2.5 m I had to cut it to limit it.

Barabash

Well, normal dogwood varieties can be eaten, but, in my opinion, this is the only plant that does not need to be taken care of at all. We are growing, if only for that - neither frosts are terrible, nor heat. True, two buckets of water were poured into a drought lasting two months, so as not to dry out.

Kolya

Among the southern fruit plants, dogwood is the most winter-hardy. It successfully bears fruit in the conditions of Donbass with little snow-harsh winters. Dogwood is a cross-pollinating plant. Bisexual flowers. Pollination is mainly carried out by bees. Single instances of dogwood do not bear fruit, for it xenogamous pollination is mandatory, in which the flowers of one plant are pollinated by pollen of another. With self-pollination, the fruits are not tied. To ensure high dogwood yields, it is recommended to place plants of different varieties through a row. All dogwood varieties with the same flowering period are well pollinated. The flowering time of individual varieties coincides, the difference in flowering time is usually 1-3 days. Early flowering, in the conditions of Kiev, falls between the end of March and the middle of April, until the leaves bloom at an air temperature of 5–9ºС. Often flowering occurs with significant temperature fluctuations, but this does not affect fruiting, cornel fruit abundantly and annually.

Sergey Donetsk

I have been going to the garden since the end of March every week, and I am examining the buds already in a magnifying glass, so that with all my best I would not miss the dogwood bloom. The bush grows well, there are no complaints about the growth, even, you can say, decorative, the leaves are pretty. But the fact that self-infertile is no longer pleasing.

IrinaNN

My dogwood grows about eight years, with a bush 2 m high, during this time I underwent two transplants, the ends of annual growths froze a little, it blossoms regularly, but very, very early, there are no bees flying yet, there is no time for the bee to work itself, there are no fruits, respectively, either .

AndreyV

Dogwood is an unpretentious plant with very useful fruits. It is widely used in landscape design. Based on the initially heat-loving culture, breeders have obtained frost-resistant varieties, which allows you to grow dogwood and harvest in most of Russia. Also, its undoubted advantages include high immunity to most diseases typical of horticultural crops and the absence of problems with reproduction.

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