Do-it-yourself rose garden in the country: breakdown schemes, rules for molding and planting
Like a queen on a chessboard, a rose “rules the ball” in the flower kingdom. Its noble beauty is able to revive the green lawn or blank wall of the fence, to bring bright accents to the landscape design of the garden plot. There is an opinion that growing roses is associated with many problems. In fact, the creation of a garden rosary is a task quite feasible for everyone. And about some of the nuances and tricks we offer you and talk today.
Preparatory stage - selection of a place
So, you have decided to create a rose garden with your own hands, but do not know how to approach this difficult matter. First of all, decide which zone of the garden you would like to allocate for the device of your rosary. There are a huge number of options for planting roses, but you need to pay attention to the fact that the place for the breakdown of the flower garden is sunny, windless, with fertile soil. When forming a rosary, wetland and wet areas of the garden should be avoided, as well as areas in the shade of trees or buildings. As for the soil, light loam with an acid level in the range of 5-6 pH is considered the most successful soil for planting roses.
Weaving roses look spectacular on the facade and in the design of the entrance group of a country house
A flower bed of geometric shapes will favorably emphasize a low border from an evergreen shrub
Abundantly blooming rose gardens in a summer cottage can be planted freely, emphasizing the naturalness of the garden, or geometrically, obeying a clearly thought-out plan. You can plant roses in a group on a lawn or near a pond, arrange a hedge around the garden with roses, or place it in a flower bed. A rosary of stunted flowers will be an excellent solution for creating a border inside a summer cottage, and curly varieties of roses will favorably shade the architecture of a gazebo or pergola, hide the plain wall of a house or a fence.
You can learn more about the features of planting and caring for a climbing rose from the material: rastenija / posadka-i-uhod-za-pletistoy-rozoy.html
Even a single-planted standard rose in the form of a tree or a sprawling bush of a tea-hybrid rose is able to transform the landscape of the cottage. Tall park roses will fit perfectly into the design of the entrance group of the site or give solemnity to the long alley leading to the house. Roses will become a truly royal decoration of any corner of your garden plot, bring the missing “zest” to its appearance and fill your garden with a delicate fragrance.
Schematic and breakdown plans
When choosing a rosary planting scheme, pay attention to the coloristic gamut of rose blooms and dilute its variegation with perennials or evergreen shrubs. Ephedra or ferns will not only create a favorable background for the perception of the rosary, but will also add picturesqueness to this corner of the garden when the roses bloom. Some ideas regarding how to make a do-it-yourself rose garden on a garden plot in the form of a group planting roses, you can learn from the diagrams below.
When planting roses in a group, you need to consider which perennials and evergreens emphasize their beauty
At the initial stage of creating a rosary, it will be useful to draw a sketch of the placement of roses in a group
The rose garden looks original, created from a combination of white or cream roses with perennials, blooming lilac inflorescences
The layout of the rosary will help to mark the area allocated for the flower garden
Stages of the formation of the rosary
If you wondered how you can make a rose garden with your own hands, you should definitely pay close attention to preparing the soil for its improvement. The properties and composition of the soil plays a significant role in creating the rosary, because a rose, as befits a royal person, is quite capricious and willful.
Soil preparation for planting roses consists in draining and fertilizing the planting fossa
The most unfavorable soil for planting roses is heavy clay, which will require drainage - removal of excess moisture from the plant. Coarse sand, expanded clay or gravel are most often used as draining materials. Dry sandy soil is also unsuitable for the rosary - it must be fertilized with a mixture of clay with humus. In the case when the soil on the garden plot is fertile, a hole for planting roses is formed to such a depth that the root system of the bush fits. If the soil is not very good in its properties, then a hole is dug deeper and wider in diameter, and its bottom is sprinkled with drainage or fertilized.
Planting a rose seedling consists of the following steps: preparing the hole, pruning the seedling, backfilling the roots, tamping and watering the ground
After a place for creating a rosary is selected and a scheme for its breakdown is thought out, it takes about 2-3 months to prepare the soil for planting roses. Considering that autumn is the best time for planting roses, approximately in the middle of summer, a portion of the garden selected for the formation of the rosary is dug up to a depth of about 60 cm and the topsoil is loosened. Then, the earth is fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers. In a couple of months, the earth will settle, excess moisture will evaporate from it, it will be saturated with useful substances and acquire the optimal composition for the development of the rosary.
When choosing the location of the rosary near the country house, make sure that this part of the garden is not shaded and well lit by the sun
Bright framing of the green lawn will give a border of stunted roses planted around its perimeter
It's important to know! The following are used as organic fertilizers for roses: rotted manure, peat, humus, compost - per 10 kg of fertilizer per 1 square meter of land. A mixture of mineral fertilizers suitable for roses and sufficient for 1 m3 of soil: 70 grams of superphosphate, 30 grams of ammonium nitrate, 20 grams of potassium chloride.
General landing rules
In order for the rose garden in the country to please you with its flowering, it is necessary to adhere to some rules for its planting. Before planting, the root system of roses is moistened, broken or spoiled tips are trimmed. The aerial part of the bush is shortened, leaving 1-3 of the most powerful processes without leaves, shoots and color. In the designated areas of the garden plot dig holes for planting, taking into account the length of the root system of roses.
Planting roses in ceramic pots will simplify the creation of a garden rosary and give the terrace adjacent to the lawn a distinctive flavor
In the process of planting, the rose seedling must be kept strictly upright and make sure that the tips of the roots do not bend up. For this, the seedling is periodically shaken so that the planting mixture is evenly distributed, filling the space between the processes of the rhizome.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia
How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats
Submissive roses with miniature inflorescences planted around an artificial pond will create a voluminous and colorful frame for it.
A multi-color rose garden will look great against a background of green grass lawn
It's important to know! The planting density of roses is selected based on the expected height, width of the bush and is: 25-50 cm for miniature, dwarf and floribunda roses; 60-100 cm for hybrid tea and undersized park roses; 1-1.5 m for standard and weakly growing weaving roses; 2-3 m for tall parked, weeping booby and fast-growing climbing roses.
After planting, they carefully crush the ground around the bush with their feet, then loosen it a bit, water it abundantly and spud it to a height of about 20 cm with peat or sawdust so that the overhead shoots are completely covered. It is recommended to plant roses in the fall, from October until freezing.
After wintering - in the spring, roses are pruned and sprinkled with wood bark or wet peat. Subsequently, when the shoots reach a height of 5 cm, it is recommended that the roses be re-cultivated and mulched with an 8-cm layer of peat or humus.
You can learn more about how to revive roses after wintering from the material: vopros-otvet / kak-ozhivit-rozyi-posle-zimovki.html
Preparing rose seedlings for planting
When preparing a rose for transplanting from a container, it is necessary to moisten the earth well so that the earthen lump does not crumble upon extraction. In order to plant a rose grown in a plastic pot, you need to cut it, take out a lump and, without destroying it, place it in a previously dug hole for planting. A rose pit from a container digs about 10 cm wider and higher than its dimensions. The gaps formed after moving the rose from the container to the hole are filled with a mixture of garden soil and peat so that the upper surface of the earth lump is even with the ground level on the site.
Before planting, the root system and shoots of rose seedlings must be trimmed
When roses for the device of the rosary are acquired in the form of seedlings, it is possible to dry and freeze the root system of the flower. If the plant is frozen, it is necessary on the eve of planting to dig it in the open ground for a couple of days. If the roots of the roses are excessively dried, you need to place them in water 10 hours before planting. Immediately before planting, the roots of the rose are cut to 30 cm, removing the spoiled processes, and the aerial part is shortened, leaving a couple of strong shoots. Sapling roots can be treated with a clay-dung liquid mixture to provide the rose with additional nutrition until it is taken.
Material on how to grow a rose from a stalk will also be useful: vopros-otvet / razmnozhenie-roz-cherenkami.html
Planting certain types of rose gardens
Some types of rosaries require specific preparation of the seat, depending on the pattern of formation of the flower garden and the types of roses used to equip it.
The rose garden of park roses will give the central avenue solemnity and an elegant look
The planting of standard roses
Standard roses are planted in the rose garden, like a tapeworm - an accent plant that differs from others in size and color scheme. They dig a hole for planting a standard rose according to the same principle as for bushy - based on the size of the rhizome. To prevent the standard tree from breaking due to wind gusts, at a distance of 10 cm from it, on the leeward side, a wooden stake is dug up and a rose trunk is tied to it. The stake is selected with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm and a height equal to the tree trunk to the base of the crown plus 50-70 cm.It is advisable to treat the underground part of the peg with an antiseptic to prevent decay of the wood and drive a hole about 50 cm deep into the hole prepared for planting the rose.
The rope intended for garter of a standard tree needs to be gummed and with the help of an 8-shaped loop fixed in three places on the rose trunk - near the ground, in the middle of the trunk and at the base of the crown. To protect the tree trunk from damage by a rope, it is wrapped with rags of burlap in the areas of the loops. Elastic fastening specially designed for such purposes will greatly simplify the procedure for garter roses.
Stamp roses, which are small flowering trees, are good both in a group and individually
A secluded relaxation area with a bench can be formed using hedges of roses and standard trees
Planting a hedge of roses
Shrubs or weaving roses look great, planted in the form of a hedge, formed either around the perimeter of the garden plot or inside it - for dividing into zones, for example, to create a border between the economic territory and a place for rest. To equip a single-row hedge inside the garden, low-growing roses with a height of less than 1 meter are most often used - while the distance between the bushes should be 50-70 mm.
The lushly flowering bush of a climbing rose will brighten up the monotony of the fence of the summer cottage
A multi-row hedge of roses usually consists of two or three tiers, with lower roses sitting in the foreground, then medium in size (1-1.5 m), and the tallest (more than 1.5 m) form a background adjoining to the capital fence. It is necessary to ensure that the row of roses closest to the fence or to another building is laid 30-50 cm from the wall. The roots of roses with this planting must be distributed so that they "go" in the opposite direction from the structure.
The rose garden, created under the walls of a country house, is able to decorate even the most nondescript building
When planting roses in multi-row hedges, they adhere to a checkerboard pattern with a distance between the bushes approximately equal to half their height. In order to plant a rose garden on a summer cottage in the form of a hedge, they dig not separate holes for each bush, but a trench about 50 cm deep and wide, depending on the number of rows in a live fence. It is advisable to loosen the bottom of the trench with a pitchfork and cover it with a layer of planting mixture consisting of peat and garden soil taken in equal parts. For planting a hedge, it is best to take 2-3-year-old seedlings of roses with a well-developed root system.