Dessert and wine grape varieties: the best of the best

For modern gardeners of the southern and northern regions of our country and neighboring countries there are no problems with the choice of grape varieties and varieties due to the variety of dessert and technical types of heat-loving culture. The grapevine with fruits of different shades and sizes, having a unique taste and aroma, with proper care, allows you to experiment on the garden plot and grow adapted hybrids of grapes bred in the last decade by Russian and foreign breeders.

The best dessert grape varieties with description and brief description

Growing a decent harvest of early ripe varieties in the Ural vineyards, in Bashkiria or in Siberia and the Far East used to be a curiosity, now it is a common phenomenon that has spread even among inexperienced gardeners. In the southern regions of our country and Ukraine, mid-ripening and late table and universal varieties of heat-loving culture are successfully grown. Knowing the features of agricultural technology, amateur gardeners from Moscow and St. Petersburg learned to grow wine varieties of grapes intended for open ground, rare dessert varieties of grape vines that have specific features of growing. Most often, beginning gardeners do not attach importance to the names of hybrids, preferring to work on “white” and “black” grapes. But knowing the names of the types and varieties of grapes with white, dark purple and pink fruits, you can easily understand the agricultural technology of culture and adapt to their features.

The best varieties of white dessert grapes

White-fruited table grapes are good both fresh and processed for compotes and jams. New varieties developed by breeders make it possible to obtain large, juicy berries of early and mid-ripening varieties in the southern regions and in the harsh, northern ones. A grapevine with milky white fruits is a natural phenomenon, the result of a mutation of wild-growing grapes, which has lost the ability to produce anthocyanins responsible for the dark color of berries .

To select the best grape varieties, they are evaluated according to the following criteria:

  1. productivity;
  2. qualitative characteristics of the fruit (sugar content and acidity);
  3. resistance to diseases of the vine;
  4. frost resistance.

Each person has their own preferences. Sometimes, large, beautiful berries of modern selection varieties with a fresh taste may seem unclaimed and ordinary to some, these gardeners prefer sweet, but small and loose clusters of raisins. For other lovers of grapes, it is important not only the quality characteristics of berries, but also decorativeness, adaptation of the vine to certain climatic conditions. There are dozens of the latest varieties that are still difficult to evaluate, but they already have high yields and a bright, full-bodied fruit flavor . For example, Atlantic, a dessert variety with pink, elongated fruits, juicy and fragrant, with floral-fruity notes; nutmeg grade Silver; Alibaba with a harmonious taste of berries and aronia Carmen; unusual Zephyr variety with raspberry-pink tassels and Rostov hybrid Annie with the aroma of tea rose and dense pulp.

Photo Gallery: The Latest Grape Hybrids

New grape hybrid Anyuta

Dark Carmen

Grape Hybrid with Pink Marshmallows

The leading varieties of white grapes include:

  • Arcadia is an early ripening variety bred in Ukraine (crossing Moldova and the Cardinal), has dense clusters of up to 2 kg. A tall plant does not suffer from overload and gives an excellent harvest in central Russia and in Siberia, the Urals and the Far East. The ripening period is 105–115 days. The berries are light green, with dense, juicy pulp, sweet with moderate muscat; 2-3 stones are found. Pruning is carried out on 8-12 kidneys, processed at least 2 times a season from powdery mildew.

    Early ripening grade Arcadia

  • Laura (Flora) - a hybrid obtained more than 20 years ago, with light milk oval berries and a pointed tip of the fruit. Crispy, moderately sweet with a pronounced nutmeg aroma. Bunches gain up to 900 g, the ripening period is 110–115 days. Srednerosly shtamb develops well with fan molding, enters fruiting for 4 years; cropping for 8-10 eyes. The variety is valued for its frost resistance and for the lack of peeling and cracking of the fruit.

    Table White Laura Grapes

  • White raisins (seedless) - an early ripe variety with round berries, fragrant and juicy. The fruits are light green, in ripeness - with a blush. The bunch is loose, large, weighing from 500 to 1200 g. The berries are loved for the balanced composition of sugar and acids, they are great for drying, freezing and do not contain seeds. The medium-sized plant finally ripens on 140–160 days. Cropping for 7-10 eyes is required. The variety is cultivated in central Russia and in the south.

    The sweetest white-fruited grapes Kishmish white

The varieties of Kishmish include the hybrid variety Volodar (early) with large, dense clusters and yellow-green fruits; and Kishmish 342 (Hungarian), obtained by crossing Vilar Blanc and Sidlis Perlet, is an ultra-early variety with elongated fruits of a milky green tan, sweet and fragrant. Berries retain their presentation for a long time and do not fall. Varietal varieties of white-fruited grapevine subspecies kishmish are considered equally valuable - Zolotze, Talisman (Kesha), Arsenyevsky.

Photo gallery: white-fruit varieties of dessert grapes

White-fruit grapes Volodar

Hybrid Kishmish 342 Hungarian

Bunches of hybrid grapes Zolotze

Grapes Talisman (Kesha)

Berries of white grape Arsenievsky

The White CoCl variety of domestic selection, which appeared in the 21st century, tolerates frosts up to - 25 ° C and is not damaged by powdery mildew. Powerful bushes are cut into 10 eyes and try not to overload. Then the large, oblong fruits will be sweet and moderately dense. The weight of grape brushes is from 400 to 700 g.

Modern Hybrid White Cockle

The hardy and productive variety Vostorg quickly takes root and starts bearing fruit in the 4th – 5th year. An early hybrid is thermophilic and responsive to top dressing. The result of the painstaking work of the gardener will be huge dense clusters weighing 800-1600 g with sweet, large yellow-green berries with a pronounced nutmeg taste. Despite a short pruning, up to 30 kg of crop is obtained from the bush.

Large-fruited white grape Delight

In the modern vineyard, the late Jubilee of Platov must be met with a harmonious, pleasant taste. For 125-140 days, clusters gain 700 on average. The Kostrykin Memory Hybrid became famous due to its unpretentiousness and moderate shoot growth (the vine ripens by 50%). A plant with a yield of up to 15 kg from one bush, sometimes peas, but not damaged by wasps and in the middle lane does not require shelter. The average cluster of grapes gains up to 1600. A lady's finger with moderate acidity will delight not only with its decorative bunch, but also with delicious fruits. The average weight of the hands is 900 g.

Photo gallery: the best varieties of white grapes

Late hybrid Anniversary of Platov

Hybrid form of memory Kostrykin

Grapes Ladies finger white

The most delicious pink grapes

Hybrid varieties and varieties of pink fruit vines are attractive in appearance and do not disappoint with taste characteristics. Berries can be from pale pink to deep raspberry shades, so such grapes are often added to wine and canned.

  • Early Russian - an unpretentious early ripe dessert grape ripenes in late July, loose clusters on average gain up to 600 g. The hybrid grows in the south, the Far East, in Bashkiria and Siberia. Easy nutmeg with an admixture of caramel aftertaste is loved by every middle-gardener. Rounded, dark pink berries on a tall bush gain sugar - 22%, acid - 7 g / l. On the shoots leave 2-3 inflorescences. Fruits are sometimes cracked and damaged by wasps.

    Early Russian grapes grow in many regions of our country

    • By crossing Keshi and Rizamat, the breeder Kapelushny bred an ultra-early variety (ripening period 95 days) Julian, which in less than two decades became popular and was loved by many winegrowers for their unusual taste and shape. A hybrid with pink, elongated berries, weighing up to 20 g alone, and a powerful vine, grows best in a sunny area; it is cut into 8-10 kidneys. The fruits of Julian are juicy and moderately sweet, with light fruity notes.

      Ultra early grape hybrid Julian

    • Tason - an early domestic variety with pale pink, oval berries of medium size, the flesh is crisp, juicy, with a delicate fruity-honey aroma; view developed by VNIIViV named after Ya.I. Potapenko. Hybrid is valued for productivity - up to 35 kg per bush with an average bunch - 800 g. Maturing time - 110-120 days. Pruning vines - 10-12 eyes. Be sure to carry out processing from oidium and mildew.

      Tender muscatles of Tason grapes were appreciated by many gardeners in Russia

    • Transfiguration hybrid - it is evenly colored delicate pink, oval berries with thin skin and juicy pulp. The variety from Kraynov’s “three” (Anniversary Novocherkassky, Victor, Transfiguration) is loved for its unpretentiousness and high degree of adaptation to many climatic features. Therefore, the Transfiguration is grown in the conditions of the Siberian summer and in Bashkiria, where the berry has a more saturated raspberry color. Bisexual flowers are well pollinated. A regular plant with regular feeding gives a stable crop - 1–1.5 kg one bunch of grapes, up to 40 kg of selected fruits are harvested from one plant.

      The leader of the "Kraynov triple" - Transformation grade

    • Libya - the brainchild of V.V. Zagorulko, bred in the 90s. The variety is very sweet (sugar content - 26%), fragrant, non-capricious. Infestation and powdery mildew are rare. The berries are oval, pink-violet, with fleshy, nutmeg pulp and thin skin. The ripening period is 105 days. The flower is bisexual. Cut the shoots shortly, for 4-6 buds. Among the shortcomings, shedding of ripened fruits and defeat by wasps was noted.

      Top grade Libya

Among the dessert grape varieties, Veles is also especially distinguished. The “parents" of the hybrid are Rusbol and Sofia, amazing in taste and with a stable crop. Veles berries are large, oval, intensely pink with a purple tint, the flesh is amber, the skin is moderately dense. Rudiments are found in berries. Veles was rated for the muscat-floral aroma of the fruit and the early maturity of the first berries - up to 100 days. The bush is vigorous, pruning is medium (by 6–8 buds); sugar content - 23%, acidity - 5 g / l. The covering grade increases brushes to 1.8 kg, sometimes more than 2 kg. Fruits are prone to cracking and shedding.

Hybrid Victor from Kraynov’s “troika” received attention due to his strong immunity to many diseases of grapes. Vineyards have long loved the berries of the variety, which have an unusual shape and with a bright, nutmeg taste and floral notes. Pink-red unevenly colored finger fruits with juicy pulp ripen on day 110 from the beginning of the growing season. The average weight of the bunch is 700 g. The crop reaches 10 kg from one grape bush. To obtain a stable crop, pruning for 4-6 kidneys and a moderate load during fruit formation are practiced. The main advantages of the hybrid form are its high sugar content and transportability.

Asian hybrid Rizamat with finger-shaped, large (15–20 g), violet-red berries, is distinguished by large clusters - from 1 kg to 2.2 kg. Maturing term - 125 days. The heat-loving variety is intended for cultivation in the southern regions, the fruits are moderately sweet, with a slight nutmeg; the vine is powerful, cut to 8-10 buds. Despite the usual taste, Rizamat is loved for its high yield and beautiful grape brushes.

Gentle pink, oval Gourmet berries in the southern latitudes ripen in late July, in the middle lane - in early August. Author's booth V.I. Kraynova is powerful, branched, characterized by productivity up to 10-12 kg per plant. When tasting fruits, fruit notes and a floral-honey aroma are especially noticeable. The Rumba grape variety of the Rostov breeder Kapelyushny is similar to this hybrid; it ripens even earlier than the Gourmet (Delight red + Cherrel). GF Rumba is very sweet - 23% sugar, with a share of acidity - 6 g / l. Fragrant, juicy berries are perfectly preserved and are not damaged by insects due to the tart, waxy skin.

In a row with these early ripening hybrids in taste I would like to add grapes VV Zagorulko - Sofia, which contains the best qualities of two famous varieties - large-fruited Arkady and unforgettable muscat radiant Kishmish. Sofia is a large, dense cluster (up to 1.5 kg) with pink-purple conical berries, most often they do not contain seeds.

Pink peach Kraynov breeding is loved for frost resistance and resistance to mildew. Bisexual flowers. Hybrid grape brushes are loose, grow up to 1.2 kg, berries with a taste of nutmeg ripen in late August. The variety does not tolerate overload and is demanding on top dressing. With improper care, the berry grows smaller and sour, but this does not detract from the merits of a plant that brings a decent harvest equally in Central Russia, the Urals and Udmurtia.

But you also can’t leave aside Flamingo pink grapes, similar in shape and taste to Pink Peach - with oval, pinkish-red juicy berries and loose clusters of up to 1 kg. A hybrid from Moldova requires pruning for 4-6 kidneys and does not need shelter for the winter (in the south and in the middle zone of Russia).

Photo gallery: the best pink-fruited grape varieties

The bright, nutmeg taste is distinguished by the Victor hybrid from Kraynov’s “three”

Large-fruited variety Veles

Rizamat is distinguished by rich purple, large fruits.

Gourmet Grape Brush

Rumba Hybrid Berries Wax

Dense, massive clusters of grapes Sofia

Domestic Hybrid Pink Peach

Moldavian grade Flamingo pink

Pink-fruited grapes Arched, as well as the hybrid form of the Original, are similar in size to the fruit. Arched ripens in late August, berries with a light nutmeg contain sugar - 18%, acids - 4-5 g / l; juicy, with floral notes. Grapes Original - late variety, fruits are rich in sugars - 22%, moderate acidity - 6 g / l. The pulp is watery, but sweet, with a simple taste. These varietal hybrids are practically not susceptible to peeing. A moderately sweet arched is usually allowed into the wine.

Vigorous variety Arched

Dense grape brushes of the Original variety with conical berries and bright purple color are stored in a cool room for more than 4-5 months.

Unusual in shape delicious and sweet berries of the Original variety are stored for a long time

The best black dessert grape varieties

Compared to its light-colored "counterparts", aronia grapes contain monosaccharides and vitamins most of all, are excellent for preservation and winemaking, and seedless varieties are ideal for making raisins and preserves. Bright, saturated color of bunches, rich in anthocyanins, serves as a decoration of the garden.

Most amateur gardeners among the dark-fruited grape varieties choose the following modern hybrids.

  • Baikonur - an early ripe species - the brainchild of domestic selection E.G. Pavlovsky. Dense, voluminous clusters of up to 1.2 kg fall on the table at the end of July. Crispy flesh of dark blue berries with thin nutmeg contains up to 3 seeds, rich in sugar - 21%. Fruits are able to hang on bushes for a long time and not crumble. The variety ripens in Udmurtia and Siberia, it requires shelter for the winter.

    Early ripe Baikonur with blue fruits

  • 23% love the early Kodryanka variety with nutmeg taste and sweetness for abundant fruiting and beautiful clusters. The time-tested variety grows on any soil, provided that the plant is regularly fed, watered and processed from powdery mildew. The weight of grape brushes is 0.8–1 kg, the berries are dark purple with a thin skin. The hybrid is cultivated in most regions of Russia - in the southern regions and in the north, in Transbaikalia and in the Urals.

    Dark-fruited hybrid Codryanka

  • Unpretentious Russian hybrid Nadezhda Azos (Moldova + Cardinal) is considered the most delicious black grape. Dark blue, sweet-sour (sugar - 17%, acid - 7%) fruits are covered with a thin skin, protection against wasps is required. Delicate nutmeg and juicy pulp justify the rare germination of a hybrid plant. The weight of the clusters is 800 g, the ripening period is 125 days. Cropping for 4-6 kidneys.

    Russian hybrid Nadezhda Azos

  • Superearly Athos ripens on the 95th day from the beginning of the growing season, the shoots are cut into 7 eyes. The ripened bunch of hybrid form reaches 1500 g, the variety rarely suffers from insects and powdery mildew. Large blue-black fruits grow on cylindrical clusters, suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also in wines, jams, and compotes. The yield of one plant is 15–18 kg.

    Frost tolerant and drought tolerant variety Athos

  • Surprisingly large, elongated in shape fruits of grapes Odessa souvenir received in Ukraine. Blue berries with a black tint are covered with a wax coating and contain 4 seeds. The hybrid ripen in early autumn (brush weight - 0.5-0.8 kg). Berries are distinguished by their keeping quality; when overexposed on a bush, they do not crumble. Sugar content - 16%, acidity - 6g / l. Flowers are bisexual. Обрезают побеги на 8 глазков. Применяют в виноделии и в домашних заготовках.

    Сладкие ягоды сорта Одесский сувенир немного кислят и подходят для приготовления вин и компотов

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Среди темноплодных сортов самыми надёжными и урожайными также некоторые считают Восторг чёрный (Долорес + Русский ранний), созревающий через 110 дней. Сорт с успехом выращивают в Сибири и на Дальнем Востоке. Сильнорослый куст разрастается на арках, кисти собирают при весе 0, 6–0, 8 г. Также высокую оценку среди виноградарей заработал азиатский сорт Кишмиш чёрный (Талисман + Гленора). Овальные тёмно-синие плоды содержат умеренное количество сахара, их часто используют для вяления и в компотах. Плоды не содержат косточек. Сорт слабо устойчив к заражению милдью. Экаро 35 считают самым ранним чёрным виноградом, ягоды фиолетовые, круглые; грозди весят в среднем 400 г. Плоды насыщенные, сладкие, со специфичным цветочным ароматом.

Фотогалерея: лучшие сорта чёрного винограда

Десертный виноград Восторг чёрный

Сорт раннего созревания Кишмиш чёрный

Гибрид с чёрными плодами Экаро 35

Чёрный палец — зарубежный бессемянной сорт с вытянутыми синими ягодами с нежным мускатным вкусом ценят за впечатляющий размер плодов. Теплолюбивый сорт не терпит переувлажнения, количество сахара — 19%, кислоты — 7 г/л.

Гроздь гибрида Чёрный палец

Сравнительно молодой американский сорт Юпитер с изабельным вкусом и приятной сладостью, успели полюбить за отличный вкус (сахар — 21%, кислота — 5 г/л), конусообразные плоды и выразительную форму грозди. Обрезка на 8 глазков. У раннеспелого гибрида сравнительно небольшие (300–500 г) конические грозди. При перезревании ягоды размягчаются и теряют вкус.

«Заморский» гибрид Юпитер

Чёрная вишня любительской селекции Вишневецкого выведен чуть более 10 лет назад. Среди ранних сортов поспевает самый первый (95–105 дней). Вес плодовых кистей — 400–700 г, вкус черешнево-шелковичный, мякоть плотная, сочная. Ягоды не растрескиваются, не осыпаются; гибрид устойчив к болезням.

Гибрид Чёрная вишня

Описание и краткая характеристика лучших технических (винных) сортов винограда

Технические сорта винограда независимо от сроков созревания — это сырьё для виноделия . В зависимости от интенсивности окраски и размеров плодов виноград применяют для приготовления вин и коньячных напитков (розовоплодные и чёрные сорта винограда чаще), для компотов, варенья, джемов; для приготовления изюма, цукатов, концентрированных соков — как белые, так и тёмные сорта винограда.

Самый распространённый и широко известный столово-технический сорт — виноград Изабелла. Фиолетово-синие, круглые ягоды, плотно сидящие на грозди, отличаются высокой урожайностью — до 50 кг с куста. Сочные, некрупные плоды со специфичным изабельным ароматом (чаще это ягодно-освежающий вкус) созревают через 140–160 дней. Сильнорослому кусту требуется короткая обрезка (на 5 почек) и солнечный, защищённый от ветров участок. В целом винный сорт Изабелла нетребователен и устойчив ко многим болезням. 16 -17 % – сахар, 5–6 г/л — кислота — в составе мякоти плодов сорта Изабелла. Даёт отличный урожай в Центральной России, на Урале, в Удмуртии, Башкирии.

Технический сорт Изабелла

Ещё один сорт, предназначенный для виноделия, Веста, ценят за отличную зимовку без укрытия и высокие урожаи даже в холодное, сырое лето. Сахаристость — 25%, кислота — 7 г/л. Сине-фиолетовые ягоды формируют умеренно плотные грозди, весом до 250 г. Сок не окрашен, мякоть сочная. Обрезка на 4 почки. Виноградная лоза сильнорослая. Сорт культивируют для приготовления красного столового вина.

Dense clusters of wine variety Vesta

Platovsky is a variety of wine and dessert grapes used to make table wines. The hybrid in central Russia and the Far East pleases with an amazing harvest already 115–135 days from the start of the growing season. The berries are white with a green tint, round, juicy, small clusters (200 g), very dense. Sugar content - 20%, acidity - 6 g / l. The vine is cut short enough (3-4 eyes), for the winter it is recommended to shelter only in the zone of risky farming (Siberia, the Far East, the Urals).

White-fruited technical grape variety Platovsky

White-fruited variety of late ripening The first-born of Magarach forms clusters up to 200 g, is appreciated for its harmonious, pleasant taste, delicate skin. The berries are white, round, brushes - elongated, loose. Sugar - 22%, acid - 8 g / l. The wine from the first-born is light, with a light nutmeg and fruity notes. Upright powerful bush with openwork crown is not sheltered for the winter and is often used as a gazebo culture.

White-fruited technical grade Firstborn Magarach

Table: Qualitative characteristics of some technical grape varieties

TitleSugar%Acid g / l
Dove236-7
Gurzufsky26–285-7
Merlot225
Bianca276-7
Aligote23-255-6
Nutmeg white226
Chardonnay257

Photo Gallery: Technical Grape Varieties

Technical grade Gurzufsky

Chardonnay - Wine Tech Vine Hybrid

Wine-technical grade Black Pinot

Late variety Dovecock for winemaking

Technical grapes White Muscat

The best universal table grape varieties

Lydia is the most common variety for universal use, the juicy, sweet fruits of which many gardeners love spicy skin. Grapevine obtained from seedlings of wild-growing Vitis labrusca. Thanks to the powerful stem and decorative vine, the isabel variety has spread not only as a table-technical grape, but also as a decorative culture. Productivity - up to 25-30 kg per bush. The average bunch weighs about 400 g. Overripe berries crumble and rot, the ripened crop (after 150–160 days) is ideal for juices and wines.

Universal grade Lydia

Lydia ripens in mid-September, but we begin to tweak the first berries in mid-August. The fruits become rich red, juicy and fragrant, only slightly acidic. If there is no alternative, at the end of August Lydia is a worthy berry dessert on the festive table. Berries are rarely affected by mildew and oidium, wasps are also not very interested in fruits because of the astringency of the skin and sourness of the pulp. In late September - early October we tear off the last bunch. At this time of the year, they become very fragrant, knocked out by the first frosts, acquire a coppery flavor and practically do not bitter. From such "late" grape brushes, an amazing compote is obtained, aromatic and rich.

Lydia grows in a well-warmed sunny place and is always watered and fed. Due to the careful attitude, the berries of the usual “medium” universal variety do not pea, do not crack, very rarely deteriorate and can hang up to November frosts on the vine. This extends the freshness and shelf life of the crop, which in favorable years can exceed all average figures. Record - 60 kg of selected berries from an 8-year-old bush. But the bush is quite powerful, formed by one side (two "shoulders") on the gazebo, the other (2 branches) - on a metal support, mounted on a brick wall of a residential building. That is, the vine is located in a place sheltered from the winds, it takes heat from the wall and regularly receives watering with well-maintained, warm water and is fed with organic matter (up to 6 times in the summer). This provides a stable harvest and sweetness of the smallest and unripe berries.

Despite the tart skin and the presence of up to 4 seeds, grape fruits complement well preserved canned compote and jam. It is difficult to believe that the variety is not very popular due to the simplicity of tasting qualities and rare, light clusters. The imperfect, simple taste of Lydia grapes is loved for its bright, rich aroma and preservation of fruits indoors at a temperature of +15 + 20 ° С for up to 2 months.

White pearls Hungarian universal variety suitable for processing and fresh consumption . Amber - yellow, round fruits with subtle musky notes grow on conical bunches. The vine ripens by 80%. The weight of the fruit brush is 150–200 g. Pruning is 6–8 kidneys. Sugar content - 20%, acidity - 7 g / l. A bush with an average ripening period (120–140 days) is grown in Belarus and Ukraine, in the Urals and Siberia, as well as in central Russia.

Universal White Pearl

Table and technical grade Black pearl is a relative of Magarachi, clusters of about 300 g, berries are round, dark blue in color, with sourness and light strawberry nutmeg. Sugar content - 24%, acidity - 6 g / l. Cut grapes for 3-4 eyes, the yield in favorable years - up to 15 kg from one bush. A frost-resistant variety of domestic selection was bred in Tula specifically for the production of high-quality dessert wines.

Variety for food and winemaking - Black Pearl

Pink nutmeg is a medium-sized table-wine hybrid with clusters of up to 0.2 kg, oval, pink-red berries with a wax coating. The fruits are fragrant, with floral notes, often used for winemaking, they will be a wonderful berry dessert on the table. The average yield is 4-6 kg per bush. The variety is vulnerable to temperature extremes, is affected by powdery mildew and requires fertile soil and top dressing.

Grape variety Muscat pink

Shashla white, pink and nutmeg is a type of grape, which is often referred to as universal varieties. Hybrids are similar in their tasting characteristics, white Chasla (yellow-white, round berries, clusters weighing 190 g) ripens before pink (pink-raspberry fruits with a dense skin, brush weight - 250 g); Muscat barbecue with yellow-green berries has a strawberry flavor, ripens much faster than all varieties of this subspecies. Grapes with sweet, juicy fruits look great on the table and when tasting, they are often highly valued for nutmeg and sugar content. All types of Chasla grapes are suitable for wine. Frost-resistant and undemanding grape hybrids are suitable for the risky farming zone - Moscow Region, St. Petersburg, Bashkiria, Udmurtia, Siberia and the Far East.

Some of the best grape varieties in Russia

There are more than a thousand excellent early, middle and late grape varieties, the purpose of which is the most diverse - some are good as dessert, others are for wine and preservation, some table and technical varieties are universal.

Video: the best grape varieties (with a brief description)

The best grape varieties for Moscow Region and St. Petersburg

Unstable temperatures, rainy summers in the suburbs and possible prolonged return frosts - these factors are always taken into account when choosing grape varieties. Therefore, early varieties grow more often in garden plots near Moscow, such as white-fronted Tason, Krasa Severa, Yubiley Novocherkassky, Rusven and relatively early blue Athos.

In the damp, temperate continental climate of St. Petersburg, a fruitful table hybrid of Pamyatka Dombkovskaya with dark blue fruits, an early ripe Laura with large green milk berries, Aleshenkin, Harold, Libya, and Friendship are cultivated without fear.

Resistant to diseases and low temperatures. White maxi is distinguished by white-green large berries with sourness and fruity aroma. Among the technical varieties, gardeners near Moscow and St. Petersburg choose the uncompromising variety Lydia.

Video: the best grape varieties for the Moscow region and St. Petersburg

The best grapes for growing in Siberia and the Urals

Siberian gardeners practice the cultivation of frost-resistant early ripe grape varieties - Tason, Timur, white-fruited Tukai; Rochefort, Super Extra, White Wonder, Cardinal and Kodrianka with purple clusters, Delight, White Giant are also popular. For winemaking, no doubt, Isobell and Lydia. Never let down the berries of Sharov’s selection: Muscat Sharov and Riddle of Sharov.

Photo gallery: grape varieties for growing in Siberia

The White Giant variety grows well in Novokuznetsk and Krasnoyarsk

Hybrid of the Siberian selection Riddle of Sharov

Early ripe hybrid of Muscat Sharov

Video: the best grape varieties for the Urals and Siberia

The best grape varieties in Ukraine

The mild, southern climate and long, hot summers allow you to grow a variety of varieties of middle, early and late grapes for fresh use, making wine, juices, compotes, candied fruits. Arcadia, Libya, Delight, Julian, Kodryanka - ripen in mid-July. Maria Magdalene, Sphinx, Charlie with large dark purple clusters - popular ultra-early varieties; hybrids with light green fruits ripen next - Bogatyanovsky, Aramis, Vanyusha, Lancelot, Beloved. In early August, the Odessa souvenir matures, Sigma, Romeo, Strashensky. And at the end of the summer, a rich harvest of dessert varieties of Zagrava, Sentyabrina, Moldova; wine hybrids - Rodnichok, Isabella, Alpha.

Photo gallery: the best grape varieties for Ukraine

Early ripe grade Romeo

Wine hybrid fontanel

Grapes for technical purposes Alpha

White-fruited dessert variety Lancelot

The best grape varieties in Bashkiria and Udmurtia

The famous hybrids of Sharov, Pamyatka Dombkovskaya and Korinka Russian are the first to be identified for the risky farming zone in Bashkiria and Udmurtia. Super-early varieties and varieties with an average ripening period fully mature and do not suffer from return frosts: Super Extra, Aladdin, Gift of Saratov, Baikonur, Libya, Monarch. Not uncommon - Radish raisins, Rumba and Violet early. Working varieties are considered productive hybrids of Codryanka and Charlie.

Photo gallery: some of the best varieties of Bashkiria and Udmurtia

Grapes Early violet in climatic conditions of Bashkiria and Udmurtia gives a good harvest

Early ripening grade Monarch

Pink Fetal Aladdin Hybrid

To prevent berries from peeling and crumbling in the harsh Bashkir climate, it is recommended that the vine be processed with different biostimulants (for example, Gibberellin)

Reviews

I love sweet grapes, and I can’t stand sour grapes. It is very difficult to single out the most delicious varieties now, although many like them. I like grapes with an unusual flavor. For example, this year for the first time I had 6 bunches of Rochefort with large berries. And a cardinal flavor. I crush on Jupiter, last year a fellow countryman treated a fragment of Jupiter, I think: I’ll plant five bushes. Planting changed my mind, quite a couple of bushes. Libya is incomparable, of course, but Super-Extra overripe is also good, no doubt. Therefore, the range of favorite varieties is large. I keep Tomaysky because I adore its berries with a cherry taste and dense fleshy flesh. Loved the brilliant, awesome nutmeg and bright pink berry. Hope AZOS really like, Lancelot and Velika, Kishmish Luchisty and Aphrodite, Veles and Original.

Vladimir, Belgorod region

Everyone has their own taste .... who loves melon and who likes watermelon. I like: Tason is an unusually tender muscat. Libya is a crispy and delicious nutmeg. Monarch is a large berry with a balanced taste. When biting, spray in all directions. Premier, Radiant - very tasty. Great - this year is very sweet. A great combination of sugar and acid. Vodograi is a light, unobtrusive muscat. Super Extra - also like it, but if it outweighs, it’s impossible to eat .. it’s too sweet. Rumba - as if it had a simple taste, but I want to eat it without stopping. Just sweet ... Anyuta is a large tasty nutmeg berry with a crunch, but the seeds are too big, but you can close your eyes to it because of the taste. Nevertheless, I like nutmegs, but you can’t eat a lot of them.

Ryaskov Alexander, Volgograd

I liked Amirkhan, UHD, Kishmish Hungarian (No. 342). A special delight from the taste of Libya. I really liked the berries of the varieties Kuban, Gourmet early, Purple early. A very good impression was left in my memory by the first private gf Busarova G.P. - with good nutmeg.

Nikiforova Galina, Chelyabinsk

Working on new and better varieties, breeders take into account the demand for berry forms and their indicators of adaptation to different climatic conditions; and the development of winemaking forces amateur gardeners to work on the yield of technical and universal varieties. In any case, the most delicious and richest in harvest grape hybrids are those that are grown by yourself in a personal garden. If you work tirelessly, even the usual universal variety of grapes will present berries that are amazing in taste and aroma, which will appeal to any gourmet.

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