Description of sea buckthorn and its beneficial properties: varieties most popular among gardeners, their advantages and disadvantages.

Sea buckthorn is grown by many gardeners not only in Russia, but also in the countries of the former USSR. It is appreciated for its unpretentiousness, good productivity, compactness and decorativeness. In addition, the berries are extremely healthy. The most difficult thing is not to get confused in the variety of varieties and choose the one that best suits you. They focus mainly on frost resistance, productivity, the presence of immunity to diseases and pests, the taste of fruits. Breeders are constantly breeding all new varieties of sea buckthorn, each of them has its own indisputable advantages and is not without certain drawbacks.

Buckthorn Buckthorn

Sea buckthorn is a genus of plants from the Sucker family, which is found everywhere in the northern hemisphere. It tolerates a temperate and even harsher climate without any problems, which makes the culture ideal for cultivation in Russia. The most common in nature is buckthorn buckthorn, it is it that is the basis for the experiments of breeders.

Plant description

Sea buckthorn is a bushy plant whose shoots lignify at the base as they grow older. Its height varies from 1 m to 3-5 m. The crown is wide, rounded or ellipsoid elongated. Shoots can be nasty.

Sea buckthorn is widespread throughout the northern hemisphere, including in Russia

The bark on young branches is greenish or olive in color, they are covered with a thick silver-gray “pile”. Then it darkens, becoming black-brown or chocolate-brown. Along the entire length, the branches are dotted with densely arranged long sharp spikes. They are absent only in some hybrids bred by breeding.

The root system of sea buckthorn is superficial, but very developed. The fibrous roots slide into something resembling a pile. Nodules form on the rooted roots; in these tissues, the plant can store nitrogen.

The leaves of sea buckthorn are whole, narrow, in the shape of a lancet. The average length is 6–8 cm, the width is not more than 0.5 cm. Both sides of the leaf plate are densely pubescent. Because of this, they are cast in the sun with silver, the main light green color is almost invisible.

Beautiful - olive green top and silver bottom - sea buckthorn leaves make it suitable for creating hedges

The plant belongs to the category of dioecious. In order for the fruits to ensue, it is necessary to have two bushes at the same time - female and male. The second, in principle, does not bear fruit, is used only as a pollinator. One such plant is enough for 8-10 female bushes. The most popular male varieties are Alei and Gnome.

The buds in the male bush of sea buckthorn are significantly larger than in the female

It is easy to distinguish a male plant from a female plant by fruit buds. In the first, they are significantly larger and covered with several layers of scales, which is why they resemble a bump. It should be borne in mind that for the first time such buds are formed at least two years after the sea buckthorn bush is planted in the ground. It is, in principle, impossible to understand which plant you got from growth buds.

It is possible to find out exactly whether it is a female sea buckthorn bush only when the plant first forms fruit buds

Blooming sea buckthorn is not too attractive. The flowers are small, with yellowish-green petals. Females literally cling to the shoots, "hiding" in the axils of the thorns. Men's collected in small inflorescences in the form of an ear. The buds open in late April or in the first decade of May.

Sea buckthorn flowers are pollinated by the wind; nectar is practically absent in them. What is popularly called "sea buckthorn honey", in fact, is a syrup from berries.

Sea buckthorn is a wind-pollinated plant, so it does not need to have bright, attractive flowers for insects

Sea buckthorn is characterized by early maturity: the bush brings the first crop in 2–4 years after planting in a permanent place. The berries are removed at the end of summer or in the first half of September. The skin is colored from pale yellow to red-orange. The pulp has a light pineapple aroma. Her taste is very pleasant, sweet and sour, refreshing. Each fruit has one black glossy seed. The bush, dotted with berries, looks very elegant and spectacular.

Sea-buckthorn berries are located on the shoots very often, literally clinging to them; hence the name of the plant

Healing properties

Sea buckthorn is widely used in folk medicine. Fruits are valued for a very high content of vitamin A, C, K, E, P, group B. They are also rich in organic and fatty acids, tannins, trace elements (potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron). With heat treatment, the benefits are greatly affected.

Fruits and juice are recommended to be consumed:

  • to strengthen immunity,
  • for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases,
  • with problems with the respiratory and musculoskeletal system,
  • with vitamin deficiency, anemia,
  • to normalize the intestinal microflora,
  • to improve the quality of blood,
  • to reduce the risk of blood clots,
  • to remove toxins from the body and toxins (they also help to cope with the consequences of poisoning, including salts of heavy and radioactive metals).

Sea buckthorn juice - a storehouse of vitamins and minerals necessary to strengthen the health

Sea buckthorn oil is widely used in medicine and cosmetology. It is recommended for the treatment of most skin diseases, accelerates the healing of wounds, ulcers, cracks, burns and frostbite. It also improves the condition of hair and nails, helps with baldness. Oil softens and nourishes the skin, smoothes fine wrinkles.

If you decide to make a mask of sea buckthorn at home, do not use undiluted oil: it can stain the skin stained bright yellow.

Sea buckthorn oil is widely used in medicine and cosmetology.

Sea buckthorn allergy is extremely rare, but it is still possible. There are other contraindications to its use - pancreatitis, cholecystitis, other problems with the gall bladder, especially cholelithiasis in the acute stage.

Video: health benefits of sea buckthorn

Varieties popular among gardeners for the Moscow region

The climate in the suburbs is quite mild, but it does not exclude low-snow severe winters. Therefore, it is still undesirable to plant European varieties of sea buckthorn, they do not have sufficient frost resistance.

Moscow beauty

This kind of sea-buckthorn more closely resembles not a bush, but an elegant compact tree that does not differ in growth rate. There are few thorns, mostly they are concentrated closer to the tops of the shoots. The State Register of the Russian Federation, this variety is recommended for cultivation in the Moscow region.

Small berries, weighing 0.6-0.7 g, cylindrical. Peel bright saffron. At the base of each fruit, a noticeably rounded bright scarlet spot is noticeable. Harvest ripens in the second half of August. The pulp is very juicy and tender, sour, with a pronounced aroma. Taste by professional tasters is estimated at 4.5 points out of five. Ripe fruits come off the branch without damaging the skin. The Moscow beauty has elastic and strong, so the berries are stored for a long time and are notable for good transportability.

Sea-buckthorn Moscow beauty is notable for good keeping quality and transportability

Among the other advantages of the variety are high frost resistance and the presence of good immunity against diseases typical of the culture. It is also quite rarely attacked by pests. Berries are high in vitamin C (130 mg per 100 g). The average yield is about 15 kg from an adult plant; fruiting is regular.

Gift garden

Like many other popular varieties, bred in the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University. The fruits ripen in the last decade of August, the yield is not bad - 12-15 kg from an adult plant. The variety was created specifically for cultivation in the Moscow region, regionalization was carried out there.

The bush is quite compact, up to 3 m high. The thorns are located only on the tops of the branches. The leaves are large - about 10 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide.

Sea buckthorn Gift Garden - one of the most popular high-yielding varieties in the European part of Russia

The average weight of a dark orange almost round berry is 0.75–0.8 g. Where the sun hits the skin, blurry spots of crimson “blush” appear. The stalks are quite long - about 0.5 cm. The vitamin C content is about 100 mg per 100 g or a little more. Productivity is high - 20 kg or more. The taste of the berries is very pleasant, sweet and sour. But for some reason, tasters, he is rated low, only 4.3 points.

The variety is appreciated for its good frost resistance, high immunity and keeping quality. In the process of harvesting fruits rarely receive mechanical damage.

Muscovite

The variety is classified as medium-late; the crop ripens in the last ten days of August or in the first days of September. The bush is easily identified by the characteristic shape of the crown, resembling a pyramid. Shoots are not too thick, drooping. The central vein is developed on the leaves, because of this they are slightly concave.

Sea buckthorn Moskvichka is often used to make jam, jams, compotes, pastille and other home-made products

The average weight of the berry is 0.7–0.75 g. They are almost round or conical. The skin is saturated orange in color, lighter spots and a pinkish “blush” on it fit into the norm. The peduncle is more than 0.5 cm long. The flesh is sour, with a pronounced aroma. Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption, as well as for homemade preparations. The variety is notable for its good keeping quality and transportability. Productivity - 13-15 kg per bush. The content of vitamin C in berries is 140–150 mg per 100 g.

Nivelena

Shrub up to 2.5 m tall, sprawling. Runaway shoots, because of this, the crown slightly resembles an umbrella. The bark is beige-brown, smooth, matte. There are few thorns. The leaves are small, rich green.

The fruits of sea buckthorn Nivelen different sizes, but they have the same shape

The average yield is low - 7-8 kg. The berries are of different sizes, in the shape of an almost regular ball. The skin is bright yellow with an amber-orange undertone. Harvest ripens at the very end of summer. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour, the aroma is very weak.

The berries are stored well, without damage to themselves, they transport over long distances. The bush does not suffer from frosts down to -30ºС, it is rarely affected by diseases and pests.

Beloved

The variety was bred in the Siberian Research Institute of Horticulture named after M.A. The State Register of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in the Central region, however, it is also successfully cultivated in the Urals and Siberia. He got there a long time ago, in 1995. The “parents” of the variety are the sea buckthorn Kurdyg and Shcherbinka.

The bush does not differ in growth rate, reaches a height of 2.5–3 m. The crown is round, shoots are densely dotted with thorns. The bark on the young branches is brownish, and gradually grows grayer as it grows. The leaves are thin, light green, pubescent only from the inside. Flowering occurs in the last decade of April. Buds bloom earlier than leaf buds.

Sea buckthorn Beloved quickly grows in breadth due to the active formation of basal shoots

The fruits are elliptical, weighing about 0.7 g. The peduncle is long. The peel is thin, but dense, when separated from the bush is not damaged. The pulp is “watery”, very sweet, with barely perceptible sourness and a distinct aroma. The variety belongs to the category of dessert, berries are suitable for fresh consumption. Productivity - about 15 kg.

Among the disadvantages inherent in the variety, there is a tendency to active formation of basal shoots, the need for regular watering. Sea buckthorn Beloved is appreciated for frost resistance, fruiting stability and a high content of vitamin C (about 140 mg per 100 g).

Augustine

Another variety of authorship of the Research Institute of Horticulture in Siberia. This is a natural hybrid obtained by free pollination of seedlings of the variety Scherbinka-1. Bred at the beginning of the XXI century. The variety is early, harvested in the first half of August.

The bush is slow-growing, the crown is compact, not sprawling. The shoots are thin, the leaves are small, concave "boat" along the central vein. In relation to the branch they are located at an acute angle. Spines are absent. The bark is almost black, with small pale yellow dots.

Augustine sea buckthorn - a compact, slowly growing bush with tasty fruits

The weight of large fruits reaches 1–1.5 g. The shape is spherical or ovoid. The skin is orange-orange, thin, the stalk is more than 5 mm long. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour. Taste is rated highly, at 4.8 points out of five. Vitamin C is 110 mg per 100 g or slightly more. Productivity is low - 5-6 kg. Other disadvantages are sensitivity to heat and drought.

Varieties for Siberia and the Urals

Wild sea buckthorn is widespread in the Urals and Siberia. Accordingly, the climate is suitable for her. When selecting a variety, the main thing you need to focus on is frost resistance. If the sea buckthorn variety is chosen correctly, the yield in these climatic conditions is very high - 18–20 kg from an adult plant. It should be borne in mind that cold-resistant varieties often suffer from early thaws and the accompanying temperature drops, they do not like too much heat.

Sun

The state register of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in the Urals. The variety is classified as medium-late. The bush is about 3 m high, the crown is compact, not sprawling. The bark is chocolate brown, matte. The bush tolerates frosts up to -35ºС without much damage. It is rarely affected by diseases and pests.

Sea buckthorn. The sun is appreciated for its frost resistance, high immunity to diseases and pests and very tasty fruits.

The average weight of the berry is about 1 g. Productivity at the level of 12-15 kg. Taste qualities deserve the maximum rating from professional tasters - 5 points out of five. The vitamin C content is high - about 130 mg per 100 g.

Superior

Another achievement of the Research Institute of Horticulture in Siberia. Sea Buckthorn Superior was removed in the early 60s of the last century; it entered the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1987. They are recommended to them for cultivation in the Volga region, in the Urals, in Western and Eastern Siberia. The variety is widely used by breeders. For example, with his participation, sea buckthorn Dzhamovaya was bred.

The bush is up to 2.5 m high, the crown is widely oval, spreading. Spikes are missing. The leaves are small (5–6 cm long and 0.7 cm wide), concave, the inside is covered with a short yellowish pile. Frost resistance at the level of -30ºС.

Sea Buckthorn Excellent in many ways justifies the name, especially with regard to the taste of fruits

The average weight of a cylinder-shaped berry is 0.85–0.9 g. The skin is glossy, bright orange. The peduncle is 3-4 mm long, the fruits do not come off the branch too easily, and the skin is often damaged. The pulp is not particularly dense, sweet and sour taste. The variety belongs to the category of dessert.

The vitamin C content is high, more than 130 mg per 100 g. Harvested in late August or early September. You can count on 10-13 kg of berries from an adult plant. Fruiting is annual.

Giant

Another variety whose "parent" was the sea buckthorn Shcherbinka-1. He entered the State Register of the Russian Federation in the late 80s of the XX century. Recommended for cultivation in the Volga region, the Urals, the Far East and Western Siberia. It is one of the "parents" of the sea-buckthorn Radiant.

Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties

5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia

How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats

The bush resembles a tree more, the central shoot is clearly expressed. The average height of the plant is about 3 m. The crown is elliptical, not too thickened. Young branches at the base are dark green, gradually this shade turns into a salad. As they grow older, the bark changes color to dun. The growth rate of sea buckthorn Giant is not different, especially for young seedlings. Therefore, fruiting occurs later than in other varieties - on the 4th – 5th year.

Sea buckthorn Giant looks more like a low tree than a bush

The berries are saturated orange in the shape of a cylinder. The average weight is 0.8–0.85 g. The skin is thin, the stalk is about 0.5 cm long. The berries come off the branch with some effort. The pulp is dense, with a slight acidity. The content of vitamin C is more than 150 mg per 100 g.

Harvested after September 20. You can count on 12-14 kg from an adult plant. Fruiting is annual. Winter hardiness up to -35ºС. The variety is also valued for the presence of genetically integrated immunity against Fusarium.

Openwork

The variety was bred at the end of the 80s of the last century; it entered the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2001. Recommended for cultivation in Western Siberia. It is appreciated not only for productivity and large-fruited, but also for the external attractiveness of a graceful tree. It is low, slowly growing, the crown is spreading, the shoots are wilted. Spines are absent. The leaves are strongly concave along the central vein, the tips are wrapped with a screw.

Sea-buckthorn Openwork - not only fruitful, but also a very decorative plant

The berries are elongated, bright orange. The average weight of the fetus is 1–1.2 g. The peduncle is long, about 6 mm. The average vitamin C content is 110 mg per 100 g or slightly more. Productivity - at least 10 kg per bush.

Jam

Variety - the result of "natural" selection, obtained as a result of free pollination of seedlings of sea buckthorn Excellent. The bush does not differ in growth rate, the crown is almost spherical, not particularly thickened. Shoots are bluish-brown, thin, no thorns.

The berries are elongated, reddish-orange. At the top of the fetus and its base, spots of crimson “blush” are visible. The average weight is 0.6–0.7 g. The crop ripens in the last ten days of August. You can count on about 8-10 kg of berries from the bush. They are located very densely, literally clinging to shoots.

Jamovaya sea buckthorn berries literally dot the shoots

Taste qualities are estimated at 4.4–4.5 points out of five. The pulp is dense, juicy. To tear the fruits from escape, you need to make some effort. The purpose of the berries is universal, but most often they are used for home canning and preparation of juices.

Chuy

One of the oldest and "deserved" varieties of sea buckthorn. The state registry of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in the Volga region, Siberia, the Urals and the Far East. The bush does not differ in growth rate, there are very few thorns, the crown is compact. Plant height reaches a maximum of 3 m. Shoots extend from the trunks at an angle of 60–90º. The bark is reddish-brown, covered with a whitish pile. The leaves are concave, with a rounded tip.

Sea buckthorn Chuiskaya - one of the old, time-tested varieties

The berries are ovoid, light orange. The average weight of the fetus is 0.85–0.9 g. The peduncle is short. Harvest ripens in the second decade of August. The pulp is sweet and sour, juicy. The vitamin C content is about 140 mg per 100 g. The yield is very high - more than 25 kg from the bush, there are no “rest” seasons. The variety belongs to the category of dessert, has excellent frost resistance.

Video: sea buckthorn Chui

Altai

The variety was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation at the end of the twentieth century. Recommended for cultivation in Western Siberia. The bush is 3-4 m high, the crown is quite dense, but compact at the same time. Shoots without thorns. The bark is smooth, silver gray. Frost resistance is very high - up to -45ºС, but the bush can suffer from temperature changes during thaws.

Sea buckthorn Altai reacts negatively to sudden changes in temperature during winter and spring

The berries are elliptical, saturated orange. The average weight of the fetus is 0.75–0.9 g; they come off easily from the branch. Harvest ripens in the last decade of August or early September. The content of vitamin C is low - 80–85 mg per 100 g. Sour taste in taste is almost invisible. Productivity - up to 7 kg from an adult bush.

The variety rarely suffers from diseases and pests. It requires regular watering, prolonged drought negatively affects the yield and taste of berries.

Pearl

One of the earliest varieties of sea buckthorn, the crop ripens in the first ten days of August. The state registry of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in Western Siberia. The bush is low (2–2.5 m), the crown is in the shape of an oval. There are very few thorns. The leaves are small, slightly concave, the tip bends down.

Sea buckthorn Pearl bred specifically for cultivation in Western Siberia

Fruits are yellow-orange, as if a little flattened. The pulp is dense, sweet and juicy. Taste is estimated at 4.7 points out of five. The content of vitamin C is about 100 mg per 100 g. Yield up to 10 kg per bush. The variety is characterized by high frost resistance, drought and heat in the summer negatively affect the quantity and quality of fruits. Immunity against diseases and pests typical for culture is not bad, but not absolute.

Ginger

Late variety recommended by the State Register of the Russian Federation for cultivation in the Urals. Bred on the basis of sea buckthorn Chuiskaya. The bush is sprawling, but the growth rate does not differ. Shoots are chocolate brown, matte, without fringe. Leaves a deep dark green color. The variety is valued for cold resistance, good immunity against diseases typical of the culture and dangerous pests.

Sea buckthorn Ryzhik belongs to the varieties of late ripening, it is easy to identify by the unusual color of the skin of berries

The average weight of an rounded berry of an unusual reddish color is 0.7–0.8 g. Productivity is 12–14 kg per bush. The content of vitamin C is up to 110 mg per 100 g. The pulp is juicy and sweet; the taste has earned an estimate of 4.7 points.

Friend

Belongs to the category of varieties of medium ripening, the State Register of the Russian Federation is recommended for cultivation in Western Siberia. Harvested in the last days of August or in the first ten days of September. The bush is slow-growing, compact. Shoots are matte, olive-colored, without thorns.

Sea buckthorn Girlfriend does not suffer from winter cold and summer droughts

The average weight of an orange berry is about 1 g. The shape is spherical or slightly elongated. The pulp is dense, aromatic, the taste is very pleasant, refreshing, sweet and sour. From the shoots, the fruits are easily separated. Productivity - 10-12 kg per bush. The variety is valued for its resistance to frost in winter and drought in summer. But the vitamin C content is relatively low - 90 mg per 100 g.

Gift of Katun

A medium-ripening variety, one of the most fruitful of those that were bred back in the USSR. The bush is compact, up to a maximum height of 3 m. The crown is very dense, shoots without thorns. The bark is brownish, the leaves are dark green, with a bluish-gray tint. The bush is decorative, often used to form a hedge.

Sea buckthorn Dar Katun is often used in landscape design

The berries are pale orange, elongated, small (0.4-0.5 g), with spots of pink-red “blush”. The pulp is noticeably acidic, but the vitamin C content is low (60–70 mg per 100 g). Harvest ripens in mid-August, it is impossible to procrastinate. Overripe berries are almost impossible to collect from the bush without crushing. Productivity - 15–18 kg per bush. The variety is valued for frost resistance and "innate" immunity.

Red torch

Variety of late ripening, universal purpose. The bush is medium-sized, slightly spreading. Shoots of medium thickness, straight. There are few thorns on the shoots, they are short, located singly. The leaves are medium, dark green, matte, leathery. The berries are medium, weighing 0.7 g, rounded oval, red. The skin is thick. The peduncle is short (0.2-0.3 cm), brown-green, fleshy.

The fruits of sea buckthorn The red torch can be collected even in cold weather - by hanging around

The pulp with a sweet-sour taste, with aroma, dense. Tasting score 3.9 points. The separation of berries is dry. With timely harvesting, the berries do not crumple, their mobility is high. The fruits do not lose hardness and retain a maximum of biologically active substances during freezing and thawing. The variety is resistant to low temperatures, diseases and pests.

Christmas tree

In this variety, a cone-shaped crown narrowed upwards, similar to the crown of a real spruce. The Christmas tree is very decorative, looks great as a hedge. The fruits ripen by the end of September, they are greenish, small and sour. Productivity is average. The grade is frost-resistant.

Sea-buckthorn Fir-tree - a variety rather decorative than fruit

Varieties for Ukraine

The climate in most of Ukraine is much milder than in Russia. Accordingly, local gardeners can choose sea buckthorn varieties, focusing not on what is possible, but on what they want to grow. The decisive signs in this case are productivity, taste of berries, the presence of immunity against diseases and pests typical of the culture.

Elizabeth

A fairly old variety, bred in the 80s of the last century by chemical mutagenesis. The basis for the experiment was the seeds of the sea buckthorn Panteleevskaya.

The bush is low, up to 2 m. The crown is sparse, almost regular spherical or oval in shape. The bark on adult shoots is brown-brown. There are very few thorns. The leaves are small, concave.

Sea buckthorn Elizabeth bred in Siberia, but does not differ in special frost resistance

The average weight of the elongated oval berry is 0.85–1 g. The skin is bright orange, thin. When separated from the branch, it is often damaged. The stalks are long. The berries, which in most varieties of sea buckthorn literally cling to the shoots, are quite “loose” on the branches of the bushes of Elizabeth. The pulp is sweet and sour, very fragrant and juicy. The content of vitamin C is low - 70–80 mg per 100 g.

Winter hardiness is up to -20ºС, productivity - 15–18 kg per bush. Fruits are valued for the versatility of destination, they can be consumed fresh. The variety does not have special requirements for soil quality, rarely suffers from diseases and pests.

Galerite

The sea buckthorn variety, which forms a very compact bush, also does not differ in growth rate. The maximum height is up to 1.5 m. The crown is spreading, not dense. The shoots are thin, curving.

Galerite buckthorn bush is compact, it can be planted even in the smallest garden areas

The berries are ellipsoidal, weighing about 0.8–0.9 g. The skin is shiny, pale orange, covered with spots of a reddish-pink “blush”, mainly concentrated at the apex and base of the fruit. The pulp is very dense, but tender and juicy, with a subtle bitter taste.

Harvest ripens late, in the second decade of September. Fruiting is stable, annual. The average yield is 10-12 kg from an adult bush.

Essel

One of the latest achievements of breeders. The variety is classified as early, the berries ripen in the first decade or closer to mid-August. A tree-like plant with a crown of regular oval shape. There are almost no thorns.

Essel dessert sea buckthorn - one of the latest achievements of breeders

The fruits are large, elongated, in the form of an oval or an egg, weighing 1–1.2 g. The skin is pale orange, the flesh is slightly darker. The pulp is very juicy and sweet, sourness in taste is almost imperceptible. Fruits separate extremely easily from branches. The average yield is 10–13 kg.

The variety belongs to the category of dessert, the fruits can be consumed fresh. Winter hardiness is not bad, up to -25ºС. Berries are good for making juices.

Lady fingers

Also one of the latest breeding. The bush does not differ in size and growth rate. Fruits are elongated, weighing 1–1.3 g. Low productivity - 6–7 kg per bush. The taste has earned the highest possible rating from professional tasters. Dessert variety, the purpose of the fruit is universal.

The new variety of sea-buckthorn Ladies fingers is still considered the most delicious

The most popular male varieties

Male varieties are pollinators for female varieties; they do not produce crops.

  • Alei is a vigorous plant with a strong crown. Flower buds are characterized by high winter hardiness, long flowering and give a large amount of viable pollen (95.4%).
  • Gnome - a bush 2–2.5 m high, with a compact small-sized crown. Winter hardy. Resistant to disease and pests.

Photo gallery: male varieties of sea buckthorn

A pollinator of sea buckthorn Alei produces a large amount of pollen

The male variety of sea buckthorn Gnome is able to pollinate 8-10 female plants

Male sea buckthorn flowers are barren

Gardeners reviews

My classics are growing - a variety of sea buckthorn Chuiskaya, a low tree, berries with a cylinder, on a leg, fruitful.

DIM1

I advise you to buy varieties of sea buckthorn breeding of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University. The best of them (in my opinion) is a gift to the garden. Altai varieties in our zone tend to dry out. Yes, and another problem “flew” to us because of the Urals. This is a sea buckthorn fly. She sucks the juice from the berries, and the crop can be completely lost.

Tamara

Sea buckthorn This year the garden was very pleased with the harvest. Peeling berries is light and relatively dry. But it’s still technical in taste, you won’t be serving it for dessert. The largest berries in the varieties Chuyskaya, Amber necklace, Radiant, Girlfriend. The sweetest and dessert berries are Chanterelle, Ayaganga, Nizhny Novgorod Sweet, Elizabeth, Caprice, Golden Cascade. If we talk about resistance to sea buckthorn fly, then we must choose Panteleevskaya fly, it has been growing with us for many years and has not yet dried up, although in some years the leaves are damaged by a gall mite. In general, it is better to plant several different varieties of sea buckthorn for different purposes.

Amplex

There are no bad varieties of sea buckthorn (and other crops) - there are bad owners. The main guarantee of success is the landing of a “boy” and a “girl” of sea buckthorn. In no case should you plant one tree, there should be a couple. It is better to transplant in the early spring or late autumn.

Apeha-arts

Sea buckthorn planted in 1996, a variety of Chuiskaya. Fruited abundantly. But the trees are short-lived, the crop is pushed to the edges of the branches. For convenience, it was necessary to form, which did not. Beautiful openwork trees were the decoration of the garden. The overgrowth did not interfere. In 2008, the old bushes were removed. One was left almost in the same place from the overgrowth, and a varietal “peasant” (Alei) was planted closer to her. Several trees grow under the fence. I bought Panteleevskaya, Giant. I didn’t notice much difference. I pick berries manually, without devices. The separation is dry, the berry is large. Bushes are spineless. If the sprig bears fruit last year, I prune it with berries. Which are high, also cut off.

Lyudmila

In the sea buckthorn “boy”, the kidneys are kind of “terry”, fluffy, and in the “girl” simple, but you will understand this only when she enters the fruiting age (3-4 years). I have varieties of Chuiskaya and Giant, the berries are tasty and quite large, the “boy” is called Alei. They grow without any problems and care about the fence ... Choose the varieties you want: at least for the sweetness, at least for the size, which you like or get, only the “boy” must be sure and don’t rely on the neighbors ...

Choroshaya

I know varieties of Altai selection. Elizabeth is the largest, up to 1 g of berries, Excellent, Tenge, Altai, they have berries 0.6–0.8 g. All varieties with a small number of thorns.

Dauria

Sea buckthorn is a fairly popular garden culture. It is valued not only for its general unpretentiousness, lack of moodiness and ability to bear fruit abundantly and stably. Berries are very healthy. Breeders have bred many varieties - frost-resistant, large-fruited, dessert, with genetically integrated immunity. Among them, any gardener will find one that he likes.

Recommended

Juniper in landscape design: 60 photos of the best application ideas
2020
Vaccination of a pear on a pear
2020
Beautiful iris in landscape design: original ideas for any site!
2020