Decorative conifers: rules for the design of group and solitary plantings in the garden

Ornamental conifers are one of the best plants for landscaping. Today, there are many of their varieties that surprise with the variety of needles and the shape of crowns. With the help of combinations of conifers, you can create very spectacular compositions. Combinations of shade-loving and photophilous conifers make it possible to grow a well-groomed, beautiful, original and neat garden. In addition, conifers emit volatile, killing harmful bacteria and making the air cleaner and fresher. Most conifers are hardy to cold, so they will delight you all year, whatever the weather.

With the help of these evergreen beauties, you can arrange a small part of the garden, for example, rockery, or a large territory. Both in the natural and in the relief created by human hands, they look very attractive. They will help to transform even the most unsightly, shapeless site into a wonderful place for relaxation.

About how to equip a recreation area in your garden, more details: plan / zona-otdyxa-na-dache.html

Ephedra, growing well in central Russia: thuja, yew, fir (balsamic, Korean), spruce (blue, ordinary, Canadian), larch, cedar and juniper (Cossack, ordinary, horizontal, Chinese).

Features of conducting solitary landings

The beauty of the plant is manifested in its entirety, if nothing interferes with its development and growth. This can be achieved in a single (solitary) landing with a sufficient amount of sunlight. A tapeworm planting allows the tree not to stretch in search of the sun, as happens in the shade, but to form a luxurious crown.

A tree in a single landing is the center of the composition, so the tapeworm must have outstanding decorative qualities.

Decorative pine in a solitary landing at the turn of the track. Wonderful composition, complemented by boulders and a carpet of fresh flowers

The size of the space occupied by the composition should be related to the size of the plant. In a small meadow, and the tree should be of the appropriate size, the same can be said of a large plot for a single landing.

In the garden areas of a small area, which we have the majority, a standard culture (imitation of a small tree), or a small tree, a beautiful shrub will be a good option.

When planting a tapeworm, two features should be considered:

  • best of all, a tree or shrub looks on a well-groomed lawn;
  • should take into account the background of the background - to use plants of a different variety, species.

The tapeworm should ideally suit the climatic conditions in which it will grow, because the composition is not created for one year.

Of the conifers, Siberian larch, Siberian cedar, ordinary spruce, blue spruce, ordinary pine, and tsuga are well suited for tapeworm planting.

For a small composition in the garden - juniper (virgin and ordinary), conical varieties of spruce and thuja, boxwood, yew.

Boxwood is spiral and looks good in winter. With the onset of spring, it will be necessary to remove dead shoots and branches affected by sunburn.

For rockery, mini-kindergarten, you can use dwarf mountain pine, Canadian spruce or thawed western. You can use the elements of a regular style in the garden - trees with the correct crown shape in the form of a ball, spiral, pyramid, background from a geometrically regular rectangular or spherical hedge.

How to arrange a group landing?

Group planting of trees and shrubs can solve interesting problems:

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  • effectively fill the open space - lawn, meadow, lawn, house territory;
  • create a green background that will enliven the atmosphere in the garden, hide unpresentable buildings;
  • hide, decorate the unsightly trunk of a tall tree.

Group planting of conifers can be openwork or dense. One of the main properties of plants planted by the group is colorfulness, picturesqueness.

You can use plants of one or different species, with needles of the same color or shade or with needles of contrasting shades (for example, dark green and bluish).

Blue spruce enlivens this group landing, standing out against the background of emerald green lawn, hedge of thuja and dwarf spruce

A hedge of thuja or juniper will be an excellent background for a tapeworm (deciduous or coniferous tree, or ornamental shrubs). A group of conifers always attracts the attention of observers - it can be located at the intersection of paths, at the entrance to the house, asymmetrically on the lawn or in its center.

You can learn more about how to grow thuja from the material: //

The most common are the close planting of conifers (bouquet), free planting and long compositions.

Boxwood, linear long landing. The composition allows plants to demonstrate their beauty. Nothing interferes with their care, a deep green color shades the background of adult blue spruces

Some features of group planting that will help you create simple and beautiful compositions:

  • the outlines of the landing should be clear, and the borders should be smooth, so it will look natural;
  • an odd number of plants is used for group planting; the smaller the plants, the more they will be needed;
  • when planting a mixed group, take into account the growth rate of each plant;
  • should take into account the biological compatibility of plants in a combined planting, and not just their decorative qualities.

One of the advantages of conifers is their neat appearance, but dry leaves, dead shoots or shoots damaged by burns, weeds should always be removed.

A group planting of dwarf pines and in the winter retains its decorativeness, tolerates frost and windy weather. And in the summer, against the backdrop of a fresh lawn, young shoots of pines will sparkle with bright colors

The magic of dwarf and pyramidal conifers

If your site is small, pay attention to dwarf varieties of conifers. They are as if created to decorate small areas.

  • prickly spruce resembles a fluffy bluish-green ball, grows slowly, has excellent decorative qualities;
  • ordinary spruce - a type of dwarf Christmas tree with a drooping crown, in any composition it looks very original;
  • creeping ordinary spruce - a great way to decorate the shore of a reservoir, rock garden, slopes;
  • Nana fir - a plant that cannot be ignored: in a group planting, and as a tapeworm in a clearing or by a path, it looks like a living decoration in the garden;
  • undersized (dwarf) larch - a beauty with a drooping crown, good in a single planting and surrounded by flowering plants. Such a bright color spot will be a source of constant positive in your garden.

Prickly spruce and ordinary spruce are wonderful dwarf trees, in which both the color, and the shape of the needles, and the crown attract attention. Even on a small lawn or in a rocky garden will create a special atmosphere

Creeping dwarf spruce and fir Nana are suitable for both single and group plantings, good in companies with any plants - other conifers, deciduous, flowering

In fashion there are not only things, but also plants. Today, dwarf larch is one of the most fashionable ornamental plants. The drooping crown, graceful twigs with delicate needles are remarkable in their own right and beautiful in any composition. Likes sunny areas

It is also possible to use pyramidal conifers, these are mainly varieties of thuja. Pyramid-shaped plants are often used in garden architecture, they make a magnificent hedge, it is also a wonderful living decor for the main entrance to the house or for driveways.

A park or garden in winter is beautiful in its own way, especially if conifers are used in plantings, whose green contrasts with a white snow carpet

A bold composition can be a combination of coniferous plants and deciduous shrubs with bright flowers (hydrangea, garden roses, lilacs). It might seem that such a combination would look disharmonious, but it is not. The fragility of flowers and evergreen conifers in the company look extraordinary, creating amazing color combinations.

Also, material about the best varieties of ornamental shrubs for arranging a garden will be useful: ozelenenie / dekorativnye-kustarniki-dlya-sada.html

A dwarf spruce in the company of fresh flowers does not look like an accidental guest at all, on the contrary, makes the composition more natural and original

The use of decorative conifers in landscape architecture opens up great opportunities for creating a wide variety of compositions. They can look as natural as possible, as if you suddenly find yourself in a cozy corner of the forest or on the slopes of the mountains, they can emphasize the beauty of garden areas - rockeries, water zones, form a facade composition, etc.

In the great variety of varieties that can be purchased today in nurseries and specialized stores, the needles surprise with a wealth of shades.

It seems that when creating this beautiful composition, all varieties of decorative conifers with all possible shades of needles were used. At the same time, not a single plant is knocked out of general harmony, finding its place between decorative boulders

Golden, gray-blue, pale green, juicy green tones can be used in various combinations, creating amazing garden ensembles. When arranging your garden, be sure to pay attention to the decorative conifers. Having chosen them, you will thank these unpretentious wonderful plants more than once and will be fascinated by their beauty at any time of the year.


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