Croton (codium): caring for a fastidious handsome man at home

    Croton (or codium) is a very bright, attractive plant whose beauty does not depend on flowering. The green-yellow, red or pink foliage is dense and seems very durable. If the croton is healthy, it will be so: a bright bush will delight you with a riot of colors all year round. However, this flower is fussy, should it not please, and the leaves will hang sadly. What should be the care at home for a croton so that it is always cheerful and cheerful?

    Description of croton, origin, features

    The Croton houseplant is also called codium, now these names are considered to be synonymous. But from a scientific point of view, the second will be more accurate. Crotons are a genus with over a thousand species of tropical shrubs and trees. Their closest relatives, they are part of the same Euphorbia family, are codiaeum. According to the latest data, in this genus there are only 17 species of evergreens. And only one of them, the codiumeum variegatum, (Codiaeum variegatum) is adapted to home conditions. It was his growers who were used to calling croton.

    Croton is a tropical plant, it is used to a warm and humid climate.

    Kodium comes from the rainforests of southeast Asia (distributed in India, Malaysia, Indonesia) and the islands of Oceania and Australia. The climate in these parts is mild, the temperature does not drop below +25, the rains are plentiful, but short, and the soil is always a little damp. Therefore, the plant fell in love with high humidity and very warm, even hot, air.

    According to one version, the name croton plant received from the ancient people who inhabited the Moluccas (Indonesia). According to another, the naturalist scientist Carl Linnaeus gave him the name of the Italian city of Crotone, which in turn was named after the ancient Greek hero.

    Croton (codium), like all representatives of the Euphorbia family, has milky juice. It is toxic to humans and animals. Croton's “milk” can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and skin irritation. Therefore, safety rules must be observed: wear gloves at the beginning of work, and then wash hands and tools. The plant should be out of the reach of small children and animals.

    At large, the codium grows above 3 meters

    In the natural environment, crotons grow up to 3 meters or more. Home plants are rarely higher than one and a half meters, and there are compact forms up to 60 cm. As a rule, this is an upright bush with variegated leathery foliage. The shape of the leaf plate is distinguished by many options: an elongated or very narrow oval, an ellipse with a pointed or rounded end, two or three blades. In some varieties of croton, spiral, wavy or fancifully curved foliage. Her color is no less whimsical. On one plant, you can see different shades of green, as well as yellow, red, pink and purple, burgundy painting. The pattern and brightness of the ornament drawn by nature depend on the conditions of the flower and age. The more light and the older the croton, the more interesting and rich the color will be.

    The older the croton bush, the more varied and interesting its coloring

    Adult croton with good care can bloom. But compete with the colorful foliage of inflorescences can not. They resemble a brush and appear in the axils of the leaves, each with one or two dozen small whitish flowers. They are divided into male, consisting of stamens and similar pom-pom balls, and female - curved pistils. On the brush, flowers are of only one gender, but they are revealed simultaneously. Flowering greatly weakens croton, after which growth slows down for 3-4 months. Therefore, at home, peduncles are usually removed.

    Male flowers of croton are balls from stamens, they are cute, but take away a lot of forces from a plant

    Croton was never considered a simple species to grow. He always enjoyed a reputation as a moody and demanding plant. This luxurious handsome man gets used to a new place for a long time, can get sick right after a transplant, requires a lot of light and high humidity throughout the year, does not tolerate cold and drafts.

    Kodiyum (croton) has become easier to grow at home, now there are devices that moisturize the air, and special lamps for plants

    Previously, such requirements were difficult to fulfill. But now, flower growers have accumulated rich experience in growing the whimsical croton and are successfully using it. Plants and modern appliances help to fulfill the vagaries of plants. To make the air tropical moist, you can use an electric humidifier or indoor fountain. Short daylight hours will be extended by special lamps. But even with such technical support, the croton will not do without constant attention, it needs to regularly wipe the foliage, form a bush, protect it from temperature changes and pests. This plant is suitable for caring and caring growers.

    Croton requires a lot of attention and care from the grower

    Video: the challenges of growing codium

    Indoor species and plant varieties

    As indoor plants, they began to grow the only species - codium variegatum, as well as its varieties and hybrid varieties. But they represent such a wealth of shapes and colors that other species are simply not useful.

    Varieties of codium variegatum:

    1. The narrow-leaved croton is equipped with long (about 20 cm) leaves, their width is no more than 1 cm. Yellow-gold touches and specks are scattered on the green backgrounds.
    2. The appendage croton is mottled and green. Its broad leaves at the base in the middle taper to a petiole-like shape, and then expand again, forming a small leaf appendage at the end.
    3. Curly codium (crispum) is a long, narrow, swirling leaf. On the green - stripes, spots, veins or a grid of different shades of yellow. The brightest representative of the variety is Spirale with uniform turns of leaves.
    4. The lobed croton is distinguished by wide leaves, divided into three parts. The central lobe is much longer and wider than the lateral ones. Yellow veins adorn bright leaf greenery.
    5. Flat-leaved (platyphyllum) codium - a plant with large (up to 30 cm in length and 10 cm in width), oval leaves, their edges are slightly wavy.
    6. Ovalifolia (ovalifolium) with simple leafy plates in the form of an elongated oval with a rounded end, saturated yellow marks are located along the veins.
    7. Tortoise variety (tortile) is distinguished by broad leaves at the petiole, which taper to the tip. Against the olive-green background are red-yellow stripes along the central vein and chaotic golden spots.
    8. Genuinum (genuinum) variety with solid oval leaves covered with a pattern of silver or gold with a reddish tint. There are forms with fine and ribbon foliage.
    9. Codiyum variegatum decorated (pictum) - the initial form for most hybrid varieties. This is a bush with a straight stem (up to 1 meter high), which is covered with dense and rigid leaves. They are painted with a pattern of bright yellow, red, pink spots on a green field.

    The most famous varieties and hybrids of codium variegatum pictum:

    1. Croton Petra is a branching trunk on which large leathery leaves are located. Yellow veins, an edge and dots are drawn on the main green background. The shape of the leaves is diverse.
    2. Mrs. Ayston is a variety with broad, rounded leaves. Young plants have a creamy pattern on them. With age, the color becomes more intense, acquiring a pink, yellow or red color. There are forms of blood red or very bright yellow hues.
    3. Excell is easy to recognize by leaves similar in shape to oak. Young leaves, at the top of the plant, yellow-green. At the base of the trunk - maroon.
    4. Koroton Mummy is distinguished by narrow, small leaves. The edges of them slightly bend from the center. Coloring combines different shades of green, yellow, red and pink.
    5. Zanzibar variety has long (about 40 cm) yellow-green leaves. They bend gracefully.
    6. Nervia - a variety with a colored crown of bright green, lemon yellow and pale pink leaves. They are serrated with a well-defined vein in the center.
    7. Croton Tamara - a very rare variety. Oval leaves of medium size, two-tone. On the main dark green background, closer to the edges are light green and white spots.
    8. Disraeli - a variety with lobed leaves. Above they are green-yellow, below the color of red brick.
    9. Codium Black Prince with flat and wide foliage. Coloring is very original: on a dark green, almost black, background - red, yellow or orange marks.

    Varieties and varieties of flower in the photo

    Mrs. Aiston varieties have more evenly colored plates

    Croton Mummy is a bright cap of narrow foliage

    In the lobed variety, the leaf is divided into three parts

    Long, narrow, curled, or very wavy leaves - this is a curly croton

    Nervia - a variety with slightly serrated leaves that form a lush crown

    Zanzibar variety has long curved leaves

    Disraeli - lobed leaves that change color

    The genuinic variety is distinguished by large leaves

    Black Prince - a variety with contrasting foliage

    in croton, the excell foliage remotely resembles oak

    Tortoise variety with broad leaves and red veins

    Croton narrow-leaved with the longest leaves

    Croton Tamara devoid of yellow-red shades

    Croton decorated - the founder of most hybrid varieties

    Croton epididymic can be pure green and mottled, it is valued for its unusual shape

    Croton flat-leaved has the largest sheet plate

    Petra is the most common variety

    The oval-leaf variety is usually yellow-green.

    What is croton variegatum mix

    Often, specialized stores offer plants called codium (or croton) variegatum mix. This is not a variety, but an indication that specimens of this variety are collected in the batch. Their color depends on the conditions and age of the leaves. So the same plant may look different. And even specialists sometimes find it difficult to accurately identify the varietal affiliation of croton.

    Any variety can be hidden behind the name “croton variegatum mix”

    Video: Acquaintance with the Crotons (Codecs)

    Conditions for croton (table)

    SeasonLightingHumidityTemperature
    Spring Bright, diffused light. A small amount of direct sunlight is helpful. They will make the color brighter.

    The best place for the location of the croton is window sills in the east or west, the south side, but at some distance from the window.

    Shade from the hot midday sun

    High, 70–80%.

    Regularly (in the heat and with the heating turned on 2 times a day) spray the plant.

    Wash the leaves.

    Humidify the air around in all ways:

    1. Place the plant on a pallet with wet pebbles or moss.
    2. Use a double pot - fill the distance between the walls of the inner and outer pots with peat or moss, constantly keep it moist.
    3. Place open water containers, a home fountain, or an electric humidifier nearby.
    Moderate and slightly elevated. Optimum + 20-25 degrees.

    In the warmer months, you can take it to fresh air, but take care of the draft, significant changes in temperature and cold wind.

    Summer
    Fall Bright, scattered.

    Daylight hours should last at least 12 hours, otherwise the leaves will lose their mottled color. Provide artificial lighting.

    Moderate, slightly lowered, + 18–20 degrees. Below + 17 is unacceptable.

    Do not place near heating appliances or on cold window glass.

    Maintain a steady temperature, without drops.

    Winter

    Clean leaves are the key to health

    Croton is clean, it can become ill due to the fact that the leaves are covered with dust. Why is wet cleaning so important?

    1. Dust closes the pores on the leaves, and this makes it difficult to exchange air with the environment.
    2. A dusty film slows down the process of photosynthesis, the plant suffers from a nutrient deficiency.
    3. Dust may contain and accumulate harmful substances.
    4. Under the dusty layer, insect pests can hide.

    To wipe a croton with wavy or curly foliage, patience is needed, but it is important for plant health

    Therefore, at least once a week, take a soft damp cloth and wipe the croton, admiring the colorful patterns. It is better in the morning to dry the plant before night. To facilitate cleaning, pre-spray your handsome man.

    For greater beauty, gloss can be added to the foliage. Polishing agents are best taken in aerosol containers. Or try folk recipes. They polish the leaves with beer, a weak solution of vinegar or milk. Do not touch young foliage. And carefully polish an adult, do not push hard so as not to cause injury.

    Leathery leaves look good after polishing

    Florarium and Croton

    Croton lovers say that the most difficult thing is to ensure high air humidity. It is not always possible to create tropics in an apartment in which a finicky plant feels good. Croton will enjoy living in a home greenhouse - the florarium. It is easy to maintain the desired microclimate, including high humidity. Making an open florarium is easy. You will need a container with a door or an aquarium made of glass, transparent plastic.

    1. Fill the tank with drainage material (pebbles + charcoal), a porous soil substrate with a high sand content.
    2. Plant tropical plants with the same care and maintenance requirements.
    3. Moisten the plantings, cover with a lid or just glass, put in a warm and bright place.
    4. Florarium plants themselves create a favorable microclimate.
    5. From time to time, when condensation occurs, ventilate the mini jungle.
    6. Once a few months, arrange a rain for the plants and carry out the cleaning in the florarium: inspect the pets, remove the damaged leaves, add the substrate if necessary.

    For plants, choose plants with similar habits

    The many-faced croton is an ideal plant for the florarium. To avoid problems with care, you can plant different varieties. Such a "garden" will not be boring. Good neighbors for croton ferns, arrowroots, fittonia, reo, selaginella. Do not plant succulents and cacti with them.

    Indoor florarium is sometimes called a bottle garden. Its main difference from an open one is a container with a rather narrow neck that closes tightly. After planting, the bottle garden is watered only once, and then it is clogged and not opened. Plants live in a closed ecosystem. Indoor florarium is not the best choice for croton. He has too large leaves.

    Croton is suitable for growing in an open florarium, for a garden in a bottle it is large

    Is it possible to grow bonsai from codium

    The croton's patterned foliage will look great on a bonsai tree. This idea surely dawns on gardeners. And such bonsai are grown. But with great difficulty and loss. Croton has several qualities that make it unsuitable for this:

    • too large and heavy leaves;
    • the plant does not tolerate transplantation, and for bonsai it is an annual operation;
    • easily lose foliage due to care mistakes;
    • straight stem is poorly forming.

    You can grow bonsai from croton, but it’s difficult, and the result will not always please

    Landing and transplanting

    Croton negatively relates to transplantation. Therefore, young plants are transplanted, or rather transplanted into a slightly larger (2-3 cm) pot, after a year, and adults after 2-3 years or less. During this procedure, try to maximize the integrity of the earthen coma.

    To grow a large codium bush, it will have to be replanted every 1-2 years

    If the bush has grown significantly, and you do not want it to be larger, just change 5-6 cm of soil on top of the pot. Soil renewal is necessary when the old one has already turned white from salts or is too thickened.

    It’s time to change the soil in the pot with this croton, it has an unhealthy look

    Both ceramic and plastic pots are suitable for croton. But it will be better for younger flowers in plastic to make it easier to monitor the state of the root system. But matured crotons are more suitable for ceramic containers. It is heavy and stable, and this is important: due to the massive crown, the plant may fall. In addition, natural ceramics absorb salts that are unnecessary for croton.

    A tall croton needs a heavy and stable ceramic pot

    Choose a pot that is about the same height and width. Pay attention to the drainage holes, they should be large. Before landing, if necessary, install a croton support.

    Large specimens are not transplanted, they are partially renewed soil on top

    Croton is used to fertile, but porous and light soil. Sample compositions:

    • universal soil for indoor plants, you can add soil for orchids and charcoal;
    • into 3 parts of garden land, one and a half - peat and one sand;
    • a mixture of compost, sheet soil, peat and sand in equal parts;
    • on 2 parts of leafy land, one on peat, half on humus and sand, for airiness cut sphagnum moss;
    • into two parts of sheet land, one part of humus, peat, sand.

    About a quarter of the pot should take up drainage. It will help remove excess moisture from the roots. Expanded clay, crumb of red brick, polystyrene, vermiculite are suitable as drainage material. Before planting, be sure to sterilize the soil and drainage, scald the pot with boiling water.

    Transplant croton

    1. Put a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
    2. Sprinkle part of the soil on top, moisten it.
    3. Remove the plant from the old pot carefully, without breaking the lump of earth with roots.

      During the transplant, try to maintain the integrity of the earthen coma

    4. Inspect the roots; carefully remove the rotten ones.
    5. Move the plant to a new pot.
    6. Gravelly fill up an earth lump with new soil, condensing a void between it and a wall of a pot. In the process, shake the container slightly so as not to leave empty areas.
    7. Water the plant lightly, spray it and place in a slightly shaded warm place.
    8. After a week, return to a permanent place, take care, as usual.

    Croton painfully suffers a change of pot. To help him, add a rooting product to irrigation water once a week (Kornevin, Zircon, Epin, Ecogel). It can be sprayed from a very fine spray with Epin's solution (2-3 drops per glass of water).

    After the transplant, the croton is stressed, take it more carefully than usual

    Support

    Most varieties of indoor croton have massive dense leaves and a relatively thin stem. This imbalance is not noticeable at a young age. But over the years, the crown becomes richer, and the trunk does not have time to increase weight and tends to fall under its weight. So that the plant does not break, support is needed. For starters, sticks made of bamboo or another tree are suitable. You can buy a support for the creeper (a stick wrapped in coconut fiber) or make something from improvised materials.

    The support should help the croton not bend under the weight of the crown

    How to choose a healthy plant

    When choosing a croton in a store, pay attention to the color of the foliage. In a healthy plant, it is bright, and veins are especially expressively drawn. Look at the arrangement of the leaves. They look up at the crown or are almost parallel to the soil from the bottom of the trunk - this is the norm. Sadly hanging is a sign of illness. Examine leaf plates carefully: dents, dry spots, dots — possibly traces left by pests. Check the stem, if it has holes, it indicates that the croton throws off the leaves. Make sure that the earthen lump is in good condition - not overdried and not flooded. If you find disturbing symptoms, it is better to abandon the acquisition of croton.

    This plant is clearly painful, in a healthy croton leaves do not hang

    Только что купленный кротон выдержите не меньше двух недель в карантине, позвольте ему адаптироваться в новом доме. И только потом пересаживайте. Весь транспортировочный грунт убирать надо, если обнаружены проблемы: гниль, закисание, вредители. Если же ничего нет, поберегите корни, оставив почву.

    Видео: урок по пересадке цветка

    Уход за кротоном в домашних условиях

    Ухаживая за роскошным кротоном, учитывайте его тропические склонности: любовь к теплу и повышенной влажности воздуха. А ещё надо помнить, что яркий рисунок листьев надо поддерживать подкормками. И не забывать о формировании кустика.

    How to water and fertilize

    Крупные листья испаряют много влаги. Поэтому кротон любит мягкую и чуть тёплую воду, а весной и летом обильный полив. Важно только сохранять баланс и не заливать растение. Лишняя влага приводит к загниванию корней. Поливайте кротон во время активного роста, когда на 1–2 см просохнет верхний слой почвы.

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    Кротон поливают и опрыскивают мягкой, тёплой водой

    Осенью сократите полив. А зимой дожидайтесь, когда почва постоит сухой не менее двух дней, и только тогда поливайте. Придерживайтесь правила: чем прохладнее воздух, тем скромнее полив. Но пересушку земляного кома не допускайте. Если почва совсем высохла, кротон повесит листья. Вернуть их в нормальное состояние можно: выполните полив погружением горшка и опрыскайте растение.

    Кротон чувствителен не только к качеству воды, но и к её температуре. Она должна быть отстоянная или профильтрованная, чуть подогретая. Политый холодной водой кротон может залистопадить.

    Для поддержания яркости листвы нужна регулярная подкормка

    Весной и летом дважды в месяц удобряйте пёстрого красавца минеральными подкормками. Обращайте внимание на их состав. Наиболее полезен для ярких листьев растения калий. Азот негативно влияет на их окраску. Зимой кротон тоже нуждается в питании. Но в это время подкормку проводите лишь раз в месяц и уменьшите дозировку питательного раствора. Вносите удобрение после полива, чтобы не навредить корням.

    Полезны кротону, особенно если он закапризничал, стимуляторы роста (Эпин, Циркон, Унифлор Рост). Их применяют не чаще двух раз в месяц, можно опрыскать раствором или полить.

    Видео: кротон радуется поливу

    Покой и зимняя подсветка

    Ярко выраженного периода покоя у кротона нет, он просто останавливает рост с приходом холодов и уменьшением светового дня. Лучшая температура для зимовки +18–20. Ниже — уже гибельно для нежного кротона. А он и так страдает без солнца. Поможет перезимовать ему искусственное увеличение светового дня до 12–14 часов.

    Если удлинить световой день зимой, кротон продолжит наращивать листву

    Под лампами кротон будет наращивать пёстрые листочки и зимой. Для подсветки не подойдут лампы накаливания. Растению нужны светодиодные лампы тёплого спектра, они дают максимальный эффект. Чуть хуже фитолампы, газоразрядные светильники или обычные люминесцентные.

    Formation

    Чтобы кротон сохранял привлекательный вид долгие годы, ему нужна регулярная обрезка, проводят её по весне, пока растение не начало активный рост. Верхние побеги укорачивают, заставляя развиваться боковые почки. Первый раз юный кротон прищипывают, когда его рост будет всего 15- 17 см. Потом через каждые 20 см. Стричь рекомендуют растение высотой от 40 см, срезанные веточки станут черенками для размножения.

    Весенняя обрезка кротона пробуждает боковые почки

    Не забудьте надеть защитные перчатки, перед обрезкой кротона. Млечный сок растения ядовит, но он быстро затягивает ранки. Для большей безопасности можно их присыпать порошком серы или угля.

    The haircut is also hygienic in nature: remove dried twigs eaten by pests. But Croton does not always understand the importance of the procedure and begins to act up. To raise the mood and tone of the plant, spray it, it is possible with a stimulant, and cover with a package. A mini greenhouse will help the croton get used to the new form.

    Care errors and their elimination (table)

    ManifestationCauseDecision
    The tips of the leaves dry out and turn brown.Excessively dry air or soil.
    1. Spray croton regularly. Humidify the air with all available methods.
    2. Debug watering mode.
    Leaves fell and fall.
    1. Temperature changes.
    2. Not enough watering. Or too cold water.
    3. Low temperature.
    1. Protect from drafts.
    2. Do not let the soil dry out, especially in summer.
    3. Make sure that the temperature does not fall below +17.
    A white fluffy coating appeared on the leaves on top and on the stems.Deposition of salts from hard water.Remove stains with acidified water.

    To avoid the problem, spray the plant with demineralized (boiled or filtered) water.

    Leaves began to lose elasticity.Excess watering.Adjust the watering mode. Wait until the topsoil dries.
    Leaves turn pale and green, motley coloring disappears. The stems are stretched.Little light.Put the plant in a brighter place. In the fall and winter, provide artificial lighting.
    Brown spots appear on the leaves.Sunburn.Shade the plant on a hot afternoon.
    The edges become brown and thin.Croton is cold.Ensure the temperature is not lower than +17, protect from drafts.
    The spots on the leaves become faded, turn green.Excess nitrogen in top dressing.Change top dressing. Fertilize with a high potassium complex.

    How to save a croton that has dropped all leaves

    Croton, who lost all the leaves but retained a living trunk and roots, can try to revive.

    1. Dilute Epin in warm water. Spray the plant abundantly.
    2. Put in a bag and tie.
    3. Take away at night in a warm place, if in the afternoon - then in the shaded.
    4. Remove the bag after 10-12 hours, place the pot in a warm, bright place, but without direct sunlight.
    5. Water as the soil dries, very little. If there are no leaves, then the moisture almost does not evaporate. There is a danger of waterlogging of the soil.
    6. After this, the side kidneys should wake up.
    7. Recovery did not occur - check the condition of the roots and trunk.
    8. If they are alive, repeat the procedure after 10-14 days.
    9. The trunk dries - resuscitation is unlikely to help.

    Video: resuscitation of a withered croton by transplant

    Diseases and pests (table)

    How to recognizeWho harms?What to do?
    Brown plaques from below on foliage along veins.Defeat with a scab.Remove the pest manually. After spraying croton with an insecticide (Actellic). Carry out the treatment until you completely destroy the shield.
    Yellow spots on the leaves. They fade and fall. White web visibleDefeat with a spider mite.Remove leaves affected by the pest. Treat the plant with a systemic insecticide, phytoferm or derris. Spray more often. The tick does not like high humidity.
    Leaves wilt, wither, die.Damage to root rot.Remove the plant from the soil, remove the damage, treat the roots with fungicide and activated carbon. Then plant in new soil. Prevention of rot: plant the plant in a sterilized substrate, do not allow the soil to be too wet.

    Breeding

    Croton is most often propagated by cuttings, less often by seeds or air layers.

    Cuttings

    Spend it in the spring, usually after cutting the plant. Rooting will be better in a heated greenhouse.

    1. Cut 6-8 cm cuttings from lignified healthy shoots.

      Healthy adult shoots needed to root

    2. Remove the lower leaves, cut the upper half.
    3. Wash off the milky juice in running water.
    4. Treat the cuttings with a rooting agent and dust the cuts with charcoal. Soak them for 2 hours in the air.
    5. Deepen the cuttings in a moistened, light substrate (peat + sand).

      To root, you need a light substrate, high temperature and humidity

    6. Close the greenhouse with a lid, maintain the temperature + 25–28 degrees.
    7. Put it in a bright place without direct sun.
    8. It takes 2-3 weeks to root. After planting the cuttings in separate pots with a nutrient substrate.

      After rooting, transplant young crotons into nutrient soil

    Some gardeners claim that croton can be propagated by leaves. They are buried in the soil and covered with a bag. The seedling is occasionally sprayed, watered, kept in partial shade. After 2-3 months, the roots will grow back. However, the experiment will fail if there is not even one kidney for the development of the shoot. Therefore, along with the leaf, it is necessary to cut off a piece of the stem.

    The leaf that gives the roots does not guarantee that a new plant will grow

    Seeds

    Propagating croton seeds for a long and difficult time. It should be noted that this method does not preserve parental qualities, and the seeds quickly lose their germination. And without a greenhouse with lower heating can not do.

    Video: croton propagation by air layers

    Florist reviews

    Always use extra croton lighting. In any latitudes. 12-14 hours a day under a 10 W LED lamp at a height of a meter from the plant - and it will grow almost anywhere very quickly. I have several plants thriving, with the couple standing in poor places (draft), but bright light (~ 15000 lux ) - it compensates for everything. It is very desirable to have constant lighting, buy a reliable time relay, and do not trust the inclusion of backlighting to your own schedule.

    neznaika

    I had the first croton at work in my office. The only problem I encountered was the mite who regularly attacked it. And so he grew quickly, looked beautiful. Then they gave me a croton for my birthday. I left him at home. And he grows great and very beautiful. Therefore, in the greenhouse, I without fear bought discounted molehills.

    Natalie

    Many years ago, the croton fell, growing quite successfully. The roots were not damaged, but after the fall, the cuttings from it disappeared, if they took root, then they suffered the same fate. So much I tormented with him, and died. Now I know for sure that crotons do not tolerate flights and tremors. In general, it happens to them that way, after the transplant, mine began to disappear, he did not like the soil, and he urgently had to root the crown. He sat, thought, and 3 years after an unsuccessful transplant began to give lateral shoots. If peat oxidizing acidifies the soil, then you can feed. Look at the roots, pull it out of the flowerpot. Maybe there are pests or earthworms in the soil that eat young roots. As far as I noticed, croton does not like organic fertilizers. You can try to shed and spray with immunocytophyte, many plants respond very well to it. Crotons are also very fond of spider mites, sometimes it is not visible at all. After its work, crotons also dump damaged leaves in the same way.

    Galka

    My friends cut the stalk in the summer, stuck it in the ground and gave it to me in the winter. It is growing well, and in general it seems to me that the difficulties with croton are greatly exaggerated. The only thing I know for sure is that when trimming it should be warm and humid (indoors, of course), so it is necessary to trim after the batteries no longer heat up.

    irina-bahus

    At my friend (biologist, works at the Biology Research Institute), crotons are cut in packages, dressed on the bottom and tied in a knot on top. Leaves become soft for a while. Rooted, gain elasticity.

    Olive tree

    Croton can be propagated by leaf. Even in the fall. In October, I just stuck an excellent leaf into the ground, poured it, tied it in a bag. Put in the shade. Occasionally sprayed and watered. And in February, the roots had already grown. I don’t know when the shoots will be, because I propagate a leaf for the first time. In November, I propagated a variety of mammi with a cuttings. There was a small twig with one leaf. I put the handle in water, added root and vermicompost. In early February, planted in the ground. After a couple of weeks, new leaves appeared. Grade Gold Sun cuttings in August with a long branch of 20 cm with the release of leaves. Planted in September. It seems that the croton does not care when to multiply and in what way. By the way, biohumus significantly accelerated the growth of barely growing roots.

    Eva

    Crotons like to sit without growth, especially the arboreal. Since they prefer acidic soil, I poured them with succinic acid into a very weak solution, and after 2 weeks they began to grow. Checked repeatedly.

    T.Tamara

    Crotone news !! I didn’t live and didn’t do it for about 7 months .. I didn’t show any signs of life .. I threw off 3 sheets and that's it ... Now I moved it to the south room, behind the tulle, began to water more often (otherwise I let it dry for a couple of days until leaves will not lower) - now no .. changed the top layer of the earth, added humus .. and after yesterday's shower !!!! voila !!! - finally!!!

    Maria

    Croton was brought by a tiny plant from Cuba. I form. Twice it has already been pruned and so interesting it turns out that you prune one twig, and it grows in the place of a cut of 3-4 young shoots.

    Yavia

    Croton (or codium) is a very elegant plant. Its painted, patterned leaves will decorate any room. But not everywhere you can grow up capricious handsome. The sun, warm and humid air - that's what he needs for a long and beautiful life. These conditions are not so difficult to fulfill. Experienced growers successfully grow entire collections of luxurious plants. They know where one croton settled, the other takes root more easily.

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