Chlorophytum: cultivation and care at home

    Every beginner grower wants to get a plant that has an attractive appearance and does not require complicated care at home. There is such a flower. This is a well-known chlorophytum. Bright greens cheer up and create a feeling of comfort. But before you start a pet, you need to learn as much as possible about caring for it.

    Chlorophytum Description

    The most recognizable plant, which did not flinch and did not give up its position in front of newfangled and expensive exotics, is chlorophytum. Surely this name is well known even to those who are not fond of growing flowers. After all, chlorophytum is most often found in the most visited places - hospitals, kindergartens, libraries, schools.

    Chlorophytum - the most recognizable plant

    For the first time this representative of the genus of herbaceous plants was mentioned in 1794. Chlorophytum began his journey around the world from the humid subtropics of South Africa and the tropics of South America. Now, probably, you cannot find a corner on our planet, wherever this amazing plant is grown.

    The homeland of chlorophytum is considered the southern parts of Africa and America.

    The name chlorophytum is translated from Greek as "green plant". Indeed, many of its species have leaves of bright and cheerful green color.

    Long, up to 80 cm, graceful leaves of linear shape are slightly curved and collected in a basal rosette or bunch. The height of the plant during indoor cultivation and depending on the species varies from 15 to 40 cm. Under natural conditions, its volumes reach meter sizes. Inflorescences, consisting of small flowers, resemble a loose panicle. After flowering, small leafy rosettes with roots form at the ends of the arcuate long stems. It is for these small rosettes that resemble spiders descending on a cobweb, chlorophytum received another name - the spider plant.

    The daughter sockets hanging from the mother plant resemble spiders

    The roots of chlorophytum have tuberous thickenings. They accumulate moisture, and this feature helps the plant survive periods of drought.

    Chlorophytum is considered the most domestic plant, unpretentious and unassuming. Suitable for both beginners and busy people. With all the unpretentiousness and undemanding has an attractive appearance. Yes, growing very fast.

    Chlorophytum is considered the most domestic plant.

    The benefits of chlorophytum

    The plant is considered an ideal indoor air purifier. Absorbing formaldehyde and carbon monoxide, it releases oxygen. Chlorophytum is very suitable for smokers, as it is able to neutralize nicotine. Suffering from bronchopulmonary diseases and allergies also can not do without a green doctor. Chlorophytum is able to moisturize the air and purify it from bacteria.

    If we turn to popular beliefs and Feng Shui, then according to them, peace and comfort will always reign in the house where chlorophytum grows. That is why the plant is also called Family happiness.

    Chlorophytum has only 2 disadvantages. Its juicy leaves are very fragile and cats like to eat them.

    Cats just love to chew chlorophytum

    Species and varieties

    The genus includes almost 200 species. Based on some of them, breeders have bred many varieties. Currently, in the world there are many unlike each other representatives of this genus.

    Popular varieties - table

    Species and varietiesDescription
    Chlorophytum CrestedThis species, perhaps, can be called the most famous and cultivated.

    Narrow-lanceolate long branches grow from a shortened stem in bunches

    leaves painted in bright green. From the middle of the leaf

    rosettes appear long shoots with small white flowers. On the

    in place of a faded flower, a young rosette with roots appears.

    Chlorophytum VariegatumA variety of crested chlorophytum. The edges of its smooth leaves

    stripes of white or light cream color adorn.

    Chlorophytum MboetiIts slightly curved green leaves have wavy edges.
    Chlorophytum WingedHas glossy wide-oval lanceolate leaves collected

    to the root outlet. The color of petioles can vary from pink to

    reddish orange.

    Chlorophytum CapeLinear narrow-lanceolate leaves collected in a rosette grow

    up to 60 cm long. Painted in light green. Flowers

    small, white. Peduncles collected in loose brushes grow

    from the leaf sinuses. Very similar to crested chlorophytum, but different

    from it by the fact that it does not form daughter sockets on the stems.

    Chlorophytum Green OrangeA species of chlorophytum winged. But unlike the ancestor,

    has saturated dark green leaves with petioles

    orange color. The central vein is painted in bright orange

    color.

    Chlorophytum BonnieVariety with unusual leaves. They do not hang, but twist

    in a wide spiral. The leaf plate is painted green,

    against the background of which a white central vein stands out. Plant has

    small sizes.

    A variety of chlorophytums in the photo

    Chlorophytum Bonnie

    Chlorophytum Orange Green

    Chlorophytum Cape

    Chlorophytum Mboeti

    Chlorophytum Variegatum

    Chlorophytum Crested

    Chlorophytum Winged

    Seasonal conditions - table

    SeasonTemperatureLightingHumidity
    Spring Adapts very well to

    natural conditions in the room.

    In the warmer months, the most

    comfortable temperature 23 ° C. During the heat

    need to put on the balcony, but the place

    It should be inaccessible to a draft,

    wind and direct sun.

    To lighting chlorophytum

    undemanding. Can

    to develop and on the lit

    place and in the shade. But still

    grows better on scattered

    the light. Western and eastern

    the window is the most suitable

    a place. Right here

    chlorophytum can show

    magnificent growth and bright

    color. In the north too

    not bad take root. From

    direct sunlight on

    south window plant follows

    to shade. Varieties with bright

    coloring more demanding

    to the light. If chlorophytum

    will lack

    in lighting, its leaves

    fade and lose

    decorativeness.

    Chlorophytum will suit the usual

    humidity in the room. He some

    time can tolerate normally

    dry air. In spring

    can be sprayed once a week from

    spray gun. During the summer

    heat (depending on indications

    thermometer) humidification frequency

    can be increased. Swimming under

    shower will clean the leaves of dust and

    help to survive the increased

    air temperature. Water trapped

    in the middle of the outlet, where it is

    growth point, you need to be careful

    get wet with a napkin. Wet

    they wipe the leaves with a cloth

    carefully, they are very fragile and

    break easily.

    Summer
    Fall In winter, the most suitable temperature

    from 18 to 20 ° C. Minimum

    temperature that chlorophytum can

    endure 8 ° С.

    In winter, if you stand

    temperature, you can do without

    spraying, replacing it with rubbing

    leaves. When growing near

    heating system can be

    occasionally humidify the air around

    chlorophytum.

    Winter

    In order for the greens of chlorophytum paint to remain bright, it needs a bright place

    Chlorophytum can be grown in florariums, but not in fashionable mini ones, but in larger ones, for example, in large aquariums or display cases of both open and closed types. In unlimited space, there is no need to worry about growth rates.

    Also, croton is excellent for growing in florariums, read about it: rastenija / kroton-kodieum-uxod-za-priveredlivym-krasavcem-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html

    Chlorophytum is used by some as landscaping of aquariums. But the whole problem is that for a long time the plant will not be able to be submerged under water - for several months, and it will have to be taken out and planted in the ground. But rooting cuttings in the aquarium is possible.

    Chlorophytum is great as a companion plant for the florarium

    Landing and transplanting

    For young fast-growing plants, transplantation is carried out annually in the spring. Adult chlorophytomas do not bother so often. The need arises after 2 or 3 years, with a strong growth of the flower. If you see that the roots appeared from the drainage holes or growth stopped, the flowers do not appear - it's time to look for a suitable container for planting.

    Chlorophytum has powerful roots that grow in width. Therefore, the pot is chosen not too deep, but wider than the previous centimeters by 5. Of the material, ceramic is preferable. If there are no drainage holes in the new tank, you will have to do them yourself. Excessive moisture to the plant, which is able to accumulate moisture in the roots, is not necessary.

    Chlorophytums grow well in low but wide pots

    For chlorophytum, the composition of the soil is of paramount importance, an ordinary store soil is quite suitable. But you need to pay attention to acidity. It is best to purchase a soil mixture with neutral acidity. Sour or alkaline earth will not work. For those who like to prepare earth mixes on their own, you need to take and mix the following ingredients well:

    • 2 parts of sheet land;
    • 2 parts of turf land;
    • 1 part humus;
    • 1 part coarse sand or perlite.

    Hand-made soil mix - proof of care for your plants

    Step-by-step transplant of a houseplant

    1. Be sure to place at least 2 cm of drainage into the selected container, on top of which pour the prepared substrate.
    2. Grasp the socket of the plant with your hands, carefully remove it from the old pot. In order for the process to go faster, you need to pull it not vertically, but swing it left and right.
    3. In the extracted plant, you need to slightly shake off the old earth from the roots.
    4. Then install chlorophytum in the center of the new pot and add fresh soil to the mixture, filling the remaining voids.
    5. After planting, water the plant abundantly and remove the accumulated water from the pan. It is necessary to put in partial shade so that the plant adapts faster.

    It is possible to determine whether you are watering chlorophytum correctly or not by its root system. If the roots are covered with tuber-like thickenings, then the plant does not have enough moisture.

    Growing chlorophytum in a hydrogel

    In addition to soil, a hydrogel is excellent for growing chlorophytum. But when using it, you need to adhere to some rules.

    1. For planting in a hydrogel, it is best to take a young plant - the adaptation process will be much faster than in an adult.
    2. The roots must be washed well before immersion in the hydrogel, if the plant was previously in the ground.
    3. Pour water into a swollen hydrogel rarely and carefully. Do not expose the plant planted in the hydrogel to a too bright place.
    4. Do not forget to fertilize, but rarely with a solution of weak concentration.
    5. Periodically, the hydrogel should be washed in running water to get rid of a possible unpleasant odor.

    Chlorophytum can be grown even in hydrogels

    Chlorophytum in the interior

    Flowers have always been part of the interior and chlorophytum is no exception. A universal plant will look equally great as a soloist in a beautiful flower pot, on a stand or in a hanging flower pot, or in a floral arrangement with other flowers. Recently, vertical gardening is gaining great popularity. It significantly saves space, does not interfere with the penetration of light and is a stunningly beautiful decoration not only for large rooms, but also for ordinary apartments. And how good is chlorophytum with many young outlets that cascade an adult plant!

    Examples of the use of chlorophytum in phytodesign - photo gallery

    Cascading sockets of chlorophytum look very interesting

    Chlorophytum is successfully used in vertical gardening

    Chlorophytum will look great in the wall florarium

    Chlorophytum and hanging flowerpots - the perfect combination for interior decoration

    Chlorophytum looks great in a decorative flower pot

    Home Care

    Despite all the unpretentiousness, there are still rules of care, following which the grower maintains an attractive appearance and healthy growth of chlorophytum.

    Watering

    Chlorophytum will not be offended if you forget to water it on time. But do not neglect its soft nature. The soil in the plant pot should ideally be slightly moist. But this does not mean that chlorophytum will put up with flooded land. Its root system can easily suffer from excess moisture. If you take into account the ambient temperature, you can display the following irrigation schedule:

    • in the summer - 1 time in 2 - 3 days;
    • in winter - once a week.

    Before watering, you must always wait for the topsoil to dry out, but at the same time, inside the pot, the ground should remain slightly moist.

    Water for irrigation should be warm and must have settled.

    In the summer, chlorophytum should be watered abundantly

    Wick watering

    There are situations when you have to leave green pets alone at home for some period. And in order not to ask the neighbor, and then not to worry, she forgot to water or completely flooded her favorite plant, there is a very good and easy way. It is called wick watering. In order to independently produce such a system, you will need:

    1. Purchase a plastic food container.
    2. Make a hole in its cover and fill it with water with a small amount of fertilizer.
    3. Prepare a wick from a thick kapron thread that conducts moisture well. Normal nylon tights cut in long stripes are also suitable.
    4. And now - the most important thing. Using a long wooden skewer, you need to stretch the wicks through the drainage holes almost to the very top of the soil.
    5. It is good to spill the soil from above so that the water flows into the pan and the wicks are saturated with moisture. It remains only to put the pot on the container and lower the wicks into the water. That's it, the process has begun.

    An example of the wick method of watering plants

    Top dressing

    Chlorophytum, especially an adult, does not require frequent feeding. During the period of active growth (from March to August), you can use liquid mineral fertilizers for deciduous plants 2 times a month. The flower responds very positively to organic fertilizing, which can be alternated with mineral. Both fertilizers are sold in flower shops. As a saturation of chlorophytum with nutrients, you can use water from the aquarium.

    In order not to burn the roots of a young plant, the fertilizer is bred with a little more water than indicated. Before using top dressing, the soil in the pot needs to be moistened.

    Young chlorophytum receiving nutrients grows very fast

    Flowering period

    Blooming of chlorophytum can not be called a memorable sight. But still in the little white flowers, stars there is something touching and sweet. A well-groomed plant has no flowering problems. If chlorophytum refuses to bloom, it is most likely still young or grows in a very tight pot.

    Little little star flowers look very cute

    After a flowering period, children are formed in the place of flowers, which are easily rooted. The only exception is winged chlorophytum, which practically does not form rosettes after flowering. Many flower growers advise removing flower stalks from orange varieties so that the plant does not lose its lush shape. But if you decide to get the seeds, you will have to leave the peduncle arrow.

    Chlorophyllum winged blooms a little differently than crested

    Winter care and its features

    Unlike many plants that require a cool wintering, chlorophytum can winter in ordinary apartment conditions. Although lowering the temperature during dormancy to 12 - 14 ° C will benefit the plant. Top dressing stops, the frequency of watering is reduced. Particular attention should be paid to hydration if chlorophytum hibernates at low temperatures.

    Chlorophytum can hibernate in ordinary apartment conditions

    Pruning

    Chlorophytum does not need pruning, since its leaves grow directly from the center of the basal rosette. Only a cosmetic or sanitary procedure is allowed, consisting in the removal of broken or dried leaves. Daughter sockets are also trimmed, but this process, rather, precedes the reproduction procedure.

    If the sockets are not removed, you can form a beautiful cascade from them, which will surround the adult plant with a magnificent ring. It looks very elegant.

    Chlorophytum surrounded by children looks very elegant

    Why do curls straighten in curly chlorophytum?

    Sometimes it happens that curled curls of curly chlorophytum suddenly straighten, making it look like the usual types of this plant. This happens, for the most part, due to improper lighting - chlorophytum grows either in strong shade or in direct sunlight. Sometimes, too high air humidity can cause the leaves to straighten. If you carefully study the rules of the content of chlorophytum and adhere to them, no problems will arise.

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    Improper lighting can cause straightening of chlorophytum leaves curled into curls

    Mistakes in leaving

    Well-groomed chlorophytum always looks great. But sometimes there are oversights that turn into dry leaves and other problems, because of which the plant loses its color and lush form.

    Errors resulting from improper care and their elimination - table

    ErrorManifestationWe correct
    Dry leaves appear on the leaves

    light brown spots

    Burns from direct sunlight.You need to slightly shade the plant.
    The leaves become bright and

    dull

    • Lack of light.
    • Close pot.
    • Not enough nutrients.
    • Put the plant in more

    lighted place.

    • Transplant chlorophytum into

    pot more spacious.

    • During the growing season, the plant

    need to fertilize.

    Brown spots on the leavesToo high temperature in winter

    period combined with excessive

    by watering.

    At rest, chlorophytum is needed

    keep in moderate temperature

    range by reducing the amount

    moisturizing.

    Brightly colored leaves

    turn dark green

    losing its original color

    The plant is not sufficiently lit.Brightly colored varieties

    need more

    light than the rest.

    The tips of the leaves dry outToo hot in the room.If the room is hot, chlorophytum

    need to be sprayed sometimes.

    Adult chlorophytum not

    blooms and does not give children

    The flower grows in a very tight pot.Transplant the plant into more

    spacious pot. But not

    get carried away too big

    the volume of chlorophytum will be long

    take root and also not immediately

    will bloom.

    Leafy leaves

    lost turgor

    Inadequate watering.Water according to the rules, and the plant

    quickly restore the previous volume.

    Chlorophytum slowed down

    height

    • Not enough food.
    • Too small pot.
    • Not enough lighting.
    • Start feeding the plant.
    • Transplant into a larger pot.
    • Provide Chlorophytum

      enough light.

    Leaves twist

    covered with brown-yellow

    stained

    This is common in summer

    period when it's too hot as well

    insufficient watering.

    In summer, chlorophytum needs good

    watering.

    Leaves breakVery juicy and fragile leaves can

    break down when working with chlorophytum.

    Rubbing leaves or replanting

    plant should be extremely

    careful to avoid

    mechanical damage to the sheet

    plates. If this happened,

    a broken piece should be cut off.

    Chlorophytum Falls

    on one side

    The plant has grown too much. how

    usually overgrown chlorophytum

    stretches toward the light and not withstanding

    leaf mass falls on one

    side.

    If you observe such a picture,

    means the plant urgently requires

    transplant.

    Leaves turn blackPoor watering in summer and low

    air humidity.

    With an increase in temperature in the summer

    chlorophytum time needs to be plentiful

    water and periodically spray.

    With improper care, chlorophytum will signal its appearance

    Diseases and Pests

    Chlorophytum is so unpretentious and strong in health that no illnesses and pests can do it. But the wrong regime for caring for this beautiful plant can undermine its strong immunity and then problems arise.

    Diseases and pests: how to identify and deal with them - table

    Diseases and PestsSymptomatologyMethods of strugglePreventive actions
    Root rotFungal disease begins

    with yellowing leaves that

    then become watery,

    blacken and fade. Process

    usually starts with a power outlet

    parts. If the disease is started,

    chlorophytum may die.

    At the first sign of rot we take out

    chlorophytum from the pot, free

    root system from the ground and

    carefully evaluate her condition.

    If all the roots are black and soft,

    flower, unfortunately, will have to

    throw away. If there are still white

    and elastic roots - the situation is not

    hopeless.

    • With a sharp knife or scissors

      remove the affected parts of the plant.

    • Slices are processed with powdered coal

    and wait for the wounds to dry.

    • Plant a plant in a new pot

    and use a fresh substrate.

    • For a transplanted plant, we find

    place in the diffused shadow.

    • Only water when a new one appears

    leaflet.

    • Do not flood the plant!
    • In winter, especially

    closely monitor

    soil moisture level.

    • When boarding and transplanting

    be sure to use drainage.

    • Ventilate the room to

    avoid high humidity

    air.

    • Do not use heavy for landing

    large soils

    amount of clay.

    Gray rotAppears after defeat.

    chlorophytum aphids. Grey

    fungal stain

    covers the leaves of a plant.

    Trim and destroy affected

    leaves.

    Treat the plant with Chorus VDG

    (chainrodinyl).

    Before use, read

    instructions.

    • As a prophylaxis in hot

    high humidity

    can be treated with chlorophytum

    1% solution of Fundazole.

    • Do not overkill

    waterlogging of the soil.

    MealybugFirst sign of infection

    is white, similar to cotton wool,

    plaque. This is a powdery mildew.

    the worm that leads to

    weakening and stunting

    chlorophytum.

    Use one of the pest

    preparations - Actara, Calypso or

    Biotlin. The processing interval is 7-14 days.

    Instructions for use are attached.

    • Control watering not

    allow moisture to rise

    air.

    • With the first symptoms you need

    take dipped in soapy

    swab solution and wipe it

    leaves. In hard to reach places

    (leaf sinuses) use

    a cleanser.

    • You can use a solution

    green soap for spraying

    (soap is sold as a solution).

    Processing is carried out with a weekly

    interval.

    AphidAphid colony settles

    exclusively on young

    leaves. Due to loss

    cell juice leaf

    the plate is twisted and

    dries up.

    Good for aphid control

    Actellik. With severe defeat

    have to spend at least 3

    treatments. Interval week.

    • With a little aphid

    help shower to cope.

    • Helps well

    weak solution treatment

    laundry soap.

    • Dry air promotes

    the spread of aphids.

    NematodeGrowth lag, twisting

    leaf - signs of damage

    nematode. Roots at the same time

    covered in round or

    elongated growths.

    Chemical processing will only result

    to the death of the nematode itself, but the eggs

    will stay. Best way

    get rid of the pest - thermal

    treatment.

    Free the roots of the plant from the earth

    wash under running water and

    bathe in water heated to

    temperature 50 - 55 ° С. Duration

    procedures from 5 to 15 minutes.

    • Nematode reproduction is preceded by

    moist soil, warmed from 20 to

    30 ° C.

    • Before landing, the soil is required

    sterilize.

    How to recognize a pest and disease - examples in the photo

    This is how the roots affected by the nematode look

    Aphids love young leaves very much

    Powdery mealybug easily detected by secretions like cotton wool

    Gray rot appears when humidity is high

    It is difficult to detect root rot in the first stage, if the disease is started, the plant dies

    How are chlorophytum propagated?

    Chlorophytum will not cause any problems when propagated by children or division of an adult plant. Growing a plant from seeds will be more difficult.

    Rooting leaf sockets

    This is the easiest way possible. Chlorophytum itself builds up leaf sockets with roots, and you just have to separate and plant them.

    1. Choose a baby who has grown to 6 or 7 cm. Often on such outlets there is already a root system.

      Chlorophytum leaf rosettes

    2. A rosette with roots can be cut off and planted in a loose substrate. No greenhouses or hotbeds need to be built. Take care of an adult plant.

      Leaf sockets with roots planted directly in the ground

    3. You can root the baby in water. After it has taken root, plant a young plant in the soil mixture.

      If the root system is not developed, it can be grown in water

    4. You can root the socket in a nearby pot without being separated from the parent. When new leaves go, it will be possible to cut off the rooted chlorophytum from an adult plant.

      You can apply this method of rooting

    Reproduction by division of an adult plant

    It is advisable to combine this procedure with a spring transplant.

    1. Remove the overgrown plant from the pot.
    2. Free the roots from the ground.
    3. Using a sharp knife, divide the bush into 2 or more parts. The main thing is that each divide has healthy roots and shoots. Wounds can be sprinkled with charcoal and dried.

      Divide the chlorophytum bush with a sharp knife

    4. Plant parts in prepared pots.
    5. Pour and place in a place inaccessible to direct sunlight.

    Propagation of chlorophytum using seeds

    This method of reproduction is most often used by breeders who delight us with new varieties. In home breeding using seeds, chlorophytum winged is most often used. It is immediately worth noting that growing from seeds is a long process. Suitable time for sowing is the end of February or the beginning of March.

    1. Seeds need to be soaked in water for a day.

      Before planting, the seeds are soaked

    2. During this time, prepare a bowl with a mixture of sheet soil, peat and sand. The soil mixture needs to be moistened.
    3. Seeds are practically not buried, only slightly pressed into the ground.
    4. After that, using a glass or plastic film to build a greenhouse, which must be put in a warm (21 ° C) place.
    5. The shelter is periodically ventilated and moistened with the help of a spray gun.
    6. The process of seed germination can take a month or 1.5.

      Seed germination can take up to 1.5 months

    7. As soon as the first seedlings appear in the seedlings, you need to dive the plants in separate pots or glasses, using soil for adult chlorophytums.

      When the first leaves appear, seedlings dive into separate pots

    In order for the growing chlorophytum to look more magnificent, several young plants can be planted in one tank.

    Reviews on growing chlorophytum

    In the summer I bought a baby already at the variegated store, and now I am happy with it, it’s already a real bush. It’s just that the tips sometimes blacken, I just can’t adapt to watering: it dries up, then it abundantly watered.

    orhidea

    Of the Dutch, it’s chlorophytums that I have been capricious of, a sort of ocean, but I’m sure that it’s my fault. After a long break in breeding domestic plants, the choice fell on chlorophytum as the most supposedly simple, so he was not lucky with me. Now we have more domestic plants on sale, but chlorophytums are only Dutch, and far from in the best condition.

    Yarra

    I adore my chlorophytum, it was grown from a small child, and I forgot about it, too, so for two days I had a piece of butter in my sheepskin coat’s pocket, it froze and crumpled. When I discovered, I felt ashamed in front of him, so I organized the terra vita soil for him and a bright place, a grateful bonichka turned out to be! From a good mood, the leaves curl and get blond, but if you remove Bonya from his favorite bright spot on the window, he is immediately offended: he straightens the leaves and becomes more green. I tried to somehow attach it over the aquarium for aesthetic reasons, so he was so indignant that I had to return it to its place!

    Yulechek

    I poke chlorics at home to all the pots, I make unique compositions. For some reason I believe in their miraculous ability to purify harmful air impurities with a bang!

    A-dav

    Four times I tried to tame purchased ones. And transplanted in different ways, and did not transplant - the result is deplorable. And the roots were gorgeous, and the land offered different ... And I bought variegated, with a white stripe in the middle of the sheet.

    LaraMow

    Chlorophytums are the most home plants. Unprincipled, easy to breed and very fast growing. In addition, their benefits are great. In highly polluted cities, these green vacuum cleaners help clean the air in apartments. And bright and cheerful greens will help create a cozy corner for relaxation.

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