Chlorophytum: cultivation and care at home
Every beginner grower wants to get a plant that has an attractive appearance and does not require complicated care at home. There is such a flower. This is a well-known chlorophytum. Bright greens cheer up and create a feeling of comfort. But before you start a pet, you need to learn as much as possible about caring for it.
The most recognizable plant, which did not flinch and did not give up its position in front of newfangled and expensive exotics, is chlorophytum. Surely this name is well known even to those who are not fond of growing flowers. After all, chlorophytum is most often found in the most visited places - hospitals, kindergartens, libraries, schools.
Chlorophytum - the most recognizable plant
For the first time this representative of the genus of herbaceous plants was mentioned in 1794. Chlorophytum began his journey around the world from the humid subtropics of South Africa and the tropics of South America. Now, probably, you cannot find a corner on our planet, wherever this amazing plant is grown.
The homeland of chlorophytum is considered the southern parts of Africa and America.
The name chlorophytum is translated from Greek as "green plant". Indeed, many of its species have leaves of bright and cheerful green color.
Long, up to 80 cm, graceful leaves of linear shape are slightly curved and collected in a basal rosette or bunch. The height of the plant during indoor cultivation and depending on the species varies from 15 to 40 cm. Under natural conditions, its volumes reach meter sizes. Inflorescences, consisting of small flowers, resemble a loose panicle. After flowering, small leafy rosettes with roots form at the ends of the arcuate long stems. It is for these small rosettes that resemble spiders descending on a cobweb, chlorophytum received another name - the spider plant.
The daughter sockets hanging from the mother plant resemble spiders
The roots of chlorophytum have tuberous thickenings. They accumulate moisture, and this feature helps the plant survive periods of drought.
Chlorophytum is considered the most domestic plant, unpretentious and unassuming. Suitable for both beginners and busy people. With all the unpretentiousness and undemanding has an attractive appearance. Yes, growing very fast.
Chlorophytum is considered the most domestic plant.
The benefits of chlorophytum
The plant is considered an ideal indoor air purifier. Absorbing formaldehyde and carbon monoxide, it releases oxygen. Chlorophytum is very suitable for smokers, as it is able to neutralize nicotine. Suffering from bronchopulmonary diseases and allergies also can not do without a green doctor. Chlorophytum is able to moisturize the air and purify it from bacteria.
If we turn to popular beliefs and Feng Shui, then according to them, peace and comfort will always reign in the house where chlorophytum grows. That is why the plant is also called Family happiness.
Chlorophytum has only 2 disadvantages. Its juicy leaves are very fragile and cats like to eat them.
Cats just love to chew chlorophytum
Species and varieties
The genus includes almost 200 species. Based on some of them, breeders have bred many varieties. Currently, in the world there are many unlike each other representatives of this genus.
Popular varieties - table
|Species and varieties||Description|
|Chlorophytum Crested||This species, perhaps, can be called the most famous and cultivated.|
Narrow-lanceolate long branches grow from a shortened stem in bunches
leaves painted in bright green. From the middle of the leaf
rosettes appear long shoots with small white flowers. On the
in place of a faded flower, a young rosette with roots appears.
|Chlorophytum Variegatum||A variety of crested chlorophytum. The edges of its smooth leaves|
stripes of white or light cream color adorn.
|Chlorophytum Mboeti||Its slightly curved green leaves have wavy edges.|
|Chlorophytum Winged||Has glossy wide-oval lanceolate leaves collected|
to the root outlet. The color of petioles can vary from pink to
|Chlorophytum Cape||Linear narrow-lanceolate leaves collected in a rosette grow|
up to 60 cm long. Painted in light green. Flowers
small, white. Peduncles collected in loose brushes grow
from the leaf sinuses. Very similar to crested chlorophytum, but different
from it by the fact that it does not form daughter sockets on the stems.
|Chlorophytum Green Orange||A species of chlorophytum winged. But unlike the ancestor,|
has saturated dark green leaves with petioles
orange color. The central vein is painted in bright orange
|Chlorophytum Bonnie||Variety with unusual leaves. They do not hang, but twist|
in a wide spiral. The leaf plate is painted green,
against the background of which a white central vein stands out. Plant has
A variety of chlorophytums in the photo
- Chlorophytum Bonnie
- Chlorophytum Orange Green
- Chlorophytum Cape
- Chlorophytum Mboeti
- Chlorophytum Variegatum
- Chlorophytum Crested
- Chlorophytum Winged
Seasonal conditions - table
|Spring|| Adapts very well to|
natural conditions in the room.
In the warmer months, the most
comfortable temperature 23 ° C. During the heat
need to put on the balcony, but the place
It should be inaccessible to a draft,
wind and direct sun.
| To lighting chlorophytum|
to develop and on the lit
place and in the shade. But still
grows better on scattered
the light. Western and eastern
the window is the most suitable
a place. Right here
chlorophytum can show
magnificent growth and bright
color. In the north too
not bad take root. From
direct sunlight on
south window plant follows
to shade. Varieties with bright
coloring more demanding
to the light. If chlorophytum
in lighting, its leaves
fade and lose
| Chlorophytum will suit the usual|
humidity in the room. He some
time can tolerate normally
dry air. In spring
can be sprayed once a week from
spray gun. During the summer
heat (depending on indications
thermometer) humidification frequency
can be increased. Swimming under
shower will clean the leaves of dust and
help to survive the increased
air temperature. Water trapped
in the middle of the outlet, where it is
growth point, you need to be careful
get wet with a napkin. Wet
they wipe the leaves with a cloth
carefully, they are very fragile and
|Fall|| In winter, the most suitable temperature|
from 18 to 20 ° C. Minimum
temperature that chlorophytum can
endure 8 ° С.
| In winter, if you stand|
temperature, you can do without
spraying, replacing it with rubbing
leaves. When growing near
heating system can be
occasionally humidify the air around
In order for the greens of chlorophytum paint to remain bright, it needs a bright place
Chlorophytum can be grown in florariums, but not in fashionable mini ones, but in larger ones, for example, in large aquariums or display cases of both open and closed types. In unlimited space, there is no need to worry about growth rates.
Also, croton is excellent for growing in florariums, read about it: rastenija / kroton-kodieum-uxod-za-priveredlivym-krasavcem-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html
Chlorophytum is used by some as landscaping of aquariums. But the whole problem is that for a long time the plant will not be able to be submerged under water - for several months, and it will have to be taken out and planted in the ground. But rooting cuttings in the aquarium is possible.
Chlorophytum is great as a companion plant for the florarium
Landing and transplanting
For young fast-growing plants, transplantation is carried out annually in the spring. Adult chlorophytomas do not bother so often. The need arises after 2 or 3 years, with a strong growth of the flower. If you see that the roots appeared from the drainage holes or growth stopped, the flowers do not appear - it's time to look for a suitable container for planting.
Chlorophytum has powerful roots that grow in width. Therefore, the pot is chosen not too deep, but wider than the previous centimeters by 5. Of the material, ceramic is preferable. If there are no drainage holes in the new tank, you will have to do them yourself. Excessive moisture to the plant, which is able to accumulate moisture in the roots, is not necessary.
Chlorophytums grow well in low but wide pots
For chlorophytum, the composition of the soil is of paramount importance, an ordinary store soil is quite suitable. But you need to pay attention to acidity. It is best to purchase a soil mixture with neutral acidity. Sour or alkaline earth will not work. For those who like to prepare earth mixes on their own, you need to take and mix the following ingredients well:
- 2 parts of sheet land;
- 2 parts of turf land;
- 1 part humus;
- 1 part coarse sand or perlite.
Hand-made soil mix - proof of care for your plants
Step-by-step transplant of a houseplant
- Be sure to place at least 2 cm of drainage into the selected container, on top of which pour the prepared substrate.
- Grasp the socket of the plant with your hands, carefully remove it from the old pot. In order for the process to go faster, you need to pull it not vertically, but swing it left and right.
- In the extracted plant, you need to slightly shake off the old earth from the roots.
- Then install chlorophytum in the center of the new pot and add fresh soil to the mixture, filling the remaining voids.
- After planting, water the plant abundantly and remove the accumulated water from the pan. It is necessary to put in partial shade so that the plant adapts faster.
It is possible to determine whether you are watering chlorophytum correctly or not by its root system. If the roots are covered with tuber-like thickenings, then the plant does not have enough moisture.
Growing chlorophytum in a hydrogel
In addition to soil, a hydrogel is excellent for growing chlorophytum. But when using it, you need to adhere to some rules.
- For planting in a hydrogel, it is best to take a young plant - the adaptation process will be much faster than in an adult.
- The roots must be washed well before immersion in the hydrogel, if the plant was previously in the ground.
- Pour water into a swollen hydrogel rarely and carefully. Do not expose the plant planted in the hydrogel to a too bright place.
- Do not forget to fertilize, but rarely with a solution of weak concentration.
- Periodically, the hydrogel should be washed in running water to get rid of a possible unpleasant odor.
Chlorophytum can be grown even in hydrogels
Chlorophytum in the interior
Flowers have always been part of the interior and chlorophytum is no exception. A universal plant will look equally great as a soloist in a beautiful flower pot, on a stand or in a hanging flower pot, or in a floral arrangement with other flowers. Recently, vertical gardening is gaining great popularity. It significantly saves space, does not interfere with the penetration of light and is a stunningly beautiful decoration not only for large rooms, but also for ordinary apartments. And how good is chlorophytum with many young outlets that cascade an adult plant!
Examples of the use of chlorophytum in phytodesign - photo gallery
- Cascading sockets of chlorophytum look very interesting
- Chlorophytum is successfully used in vertical gardening
- Chlorophytum will look great in the wall florarium
- Chlorophytum and hanging flowerpots - the perfect combination for interior decoration
- Chlorophytum looks great in a decorative flower pot
Despite all the unpretentiousness, there are still rules of care, following which the grower maintains an attractive appearance and healthy growth of chlorophytum.
Chlorophytum will not be offended if you forget to water it on time. But do not neglect its soft nature. The soil in the plant pot should ideally be slightly moist. But this does not mean that chlorophytum will put up with flooded land. Its root system can easily suffer from excess moisture. If you take into account the ambient temperature, you can display the following irrigation schedule:
- in the summer - 1 time in 2 - 3 days;
- in winter - once a week.
Before watering, you must always wait for the topsoil to dry out, but at the same time, inside the pot, the ground should remain slightly moist.
Water for irrigation should be warm and must have settled.
In the summer, chlorophytum should be watered abundantly
There are situations when you have to leave green pets alone at home for some period. And in order not to ask the neighbor, and then not to worry, she forgot to water or completely flooded her favorite plant, there is a very good and easy way. It is called wick watering. In order to independently produce such a system, you will need:
- Purchase a plastic food container.
- Make a hole in its cover and fill it with water with a small amount of fertilizer.
- Prepare a wick from a thick kapron thread that conducts moisture well. Normal nylon tights cut in long stripes are also suitable.
- And now - the most important thing. Using a long wooden skewer, you need to stretch the wicks through the drainage holes almost to the very top of the soil.
- It is good to spill the soil from above so that the water flows into the pan and the wicks are saturated with moisture. It remains only to put the pot on the container and lower the wicks into the water. That's it, the process has begun.
An example of the wick method of watering plants
Chlorophytum, especially an adult, does not require frequent feeding. During the period of active growth (from March to August), you can use liquid mineral fertilizers for deciduous plants 2 times a month. The flower responds very positively to organic fertilizing, which can be alternated with mineral. Both fertilizers are sold in flower shops. As a saturation of chlorophytum with nutrients, you can use water from the aquarium.
In order not to burn the roots of a young plant, the fertilizer is bred with a little more water than indicated. Before using top dressing, the soil in the pot needs to be moistened.
Young chlorophytum receiving nutrients grows very fast
Blooming of chlorophytum can not be called a memorable sight. But still in the little white flowers, stars there is something touching and sweet. A well-groomed plant has no flowering problems. If chlorophytum refuses to bloom, it is most likely still young or grows in a very tight pot.
Little little star flowers look very cute
After a flowering period, children are formed in the place of flowers, which are easily rooted. The only exception is winged chlorophytum, which practically does not form rosettes after flowering. Many flower growers advise removing flower stalks from orange varieties so that the plant does not lose its lush shape. But if you decide to get the seeds, you will have to leave the peduncle arrow.
Chlorophyllum winged blooms a little differently than crested
Winter care and its features
Unlike many plants that require a cool wintering, chlorophytum can winter in ordinary apartment conditions. Although lowering the temperature during dormancy to 12 - 14 ° C will benefit the plant. Top dressing stops, the frequency of watering is reduced. Particular attention should be paid to hydration if chlorophytum hibernates at low temperatures.
Chlorophytum can hibernate in ordinary apartment conditions
Chlorophytum does not need pruning, since its leaves grow directly from the center of the basal rosette. Only a cosmetic or sanitary procedure is allowed, consisting in the removal of broken or dried leaves. Daughter sockets are also trimmed, but this process, rather, precedes the reproduction procedure.
If the sockets are not removed, you can form a beautiful cascade from them, which will surround the adult plant with a magnificent ring. It looks very elegant.
Chlorophytum surrounded by children looks very elegant
Why do curls straighten in curly chlorophytum?
Sometimes it happens that curled curls of curly chlorophytum suddenly straighten, making it look like the usual types of this plant. This happens, for the most part, due to improper lighting - chlorophytum grows either in strong shade or in direct sunlight. Sometimes, too high air humidity can cause the leaves to straighten. If you carefully study the rules of the content of chlorophytum and adhere to them, no problems will arise.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
5 Japanese plants that take root well in Central Russia
How do I protect seedlings from my curious cats
Improper lighting can cause straightening of chlorophytum leaves curled into curls
Mistakes in leaving
Well-groomed chlorophytum always looks great. But sometimes there are oversights that turn into dry leaves and other problems, because of which the plant loses its color and lush form.
Errors resulting from improper care and their elimination - table
|Dry leaves appear on the leaves|
light brown spots
|Burns from direct sunlight.||You need to slightly shade the plant.|
|The leaves become bright and|
pot more spacious.
need to fertilize.
|Brown spots on the leaves||Too high temperature in winter|
period combined with excessive
|At rest, chlorophytum is needed|
keep in moderate temperature
range by reducing the amount
|Brightly colored leaves|
turn dark green
losing its original color
|The plant is not sufficiently lit.||Brightly colored varieties|
light than the rest.
|The tips of the leaves dry out||Too hot in the room.||If the room is hot, chlorophytum|
need to be sprayed sometimes.
|Adult chlorophytum not|
blooms and does not give children
|The flower grows in a very tight pot.||Transplant the plant into more|
spacious pot. But not
get carried away too big
the volume of chlorophytum will be long
take root and also not immediately
|Inadequate watering.||Water according to the rules, and the plant|
quickly restore the previous volume.
|Chlorophytum slowed down|
covered with brown-yellow
|This is common in summer|
period when it's too hot as well
|In summer, chlorophytum needs good|
|Leaves break||Very juicy and fragile leaves can|
break down when working with chlorophytum.
|Rubbing leaves or replanting|
plant should be extremely
careful to avoid
mechanical damage to the sheet
plates. If this happened,
a broken piece should be cut off.
on one side
|The plant has grown too much. how|
usually overgrown chlorophytum
stretches toward the light and not withstanding
leaf mass falls on one
|If you observe such a picture,|
means the plant urgently requires
|Leaves turn black||Poor watering in summer and low|
|With an increase in temperature in the summer|
chlorophytum time needs to be plentiful
water and periodically spray.
With improper care, chlorophytum will signal its appearance
Diseases and Pests
Chlorophytum is so unpretentious and strong in health that no illnesses and pests can do it. But the wrong regime for caring for this beautiful plant can undermine its strong immunity and then problems arise.
Diseases and pests: how to identify and deal with them - table
|Diseases and Pests||Symptomatology||Methods of struggle||Preventive actions|
|Root rot||Fungal disease begins|
with yellowing leaves that
then become watery,
blacken and fade. Process
usually starts with a power outlet
parts. If the disease is started,
chlorophytum may die.
|At the first sign of rot we take out|
chlorophytum from the pot, free
root system from the ground and
carefully evaluate her condition.
If all the roots are black and soft,
flower, unfortunately, will have to
throw away. If there are still white
and elastic roots - the situation is not
and wait for the wounds to dry.
and use a fresh substrate.
place in the diffused shadow.
soil moisture level.
be sure to use drainage.
avoid high humidity
amount of clay.
|Gray rot||Appears after defeat.|
chlorophytum aphids. Grey
covers the leaves of a plant.
|Trim and destroy affected|
Treat the plant with Chorus VDG
Before use, read
can be treated with chlorophytum
1% solution of Fundazole.
waterlogging of the soil.
|Mealybug||First sign of infection|
is white, similar to cotton wool,
plaque. This is a powdery mildew.
the worm that leads to
weakening and stunting
|Use one of the pest|
preparations - Actara, Calypso or
Biotlin. The processing interval is 7-14 days.
Instructions for use are attached.
allow moisture to rise
take dipped in soapy
swab solution and wipe it
leaves. In hard to reach places
(leaf sinuses) use
green soap for spraying
(soap is sold as a solution).
Processing is carried out with a weekly
|Aphid||Aphid colony settles|
exclusively on young
leaves. Due to loss
cell juice leaf
the plate is twisted and
|Good for aphid control|
Actellik. With severe defeat
have to spend at least 3
treatments. Interval week.
help shower to cope.
weak solution treatment
the spread of aphids.
|Nematode||Growth lag, twisting|
leaf - signs of damage
nematode. Roots at the same time
covered in round or
|Chemical processing will only result|
to the death of the nematode itself, but the eggs
will stay. Best way
get rid of the pest - thermal
Free the roots of the plant from the earth
wash under running water and
bathe in water heated to
temperature 50 - 55 ° С. Duration
procedures from 5 to 15 minutes.
moist soil, warmed from 20 to
30 ° C.
How to recognize a pest and disease - examples in the photo
- This is how the roots affected by the nematode look
- Aphids love young leaves very much
- Powdery mealybug easily detected by secretions like cotton wool
- Gray rot appears when humidity is high
- It is difficult to detect root rot in the first stage, if the disease is started, the plant dies
How are chlorophytum propagated?
Chlorophytum will not cause any problems when propagated by children or division of an adult plant. Growing a plant from seeds will be more difficult.
Rooting leaf sockets
This is the easiest way possible. Chlorophytum itself builds up leaf sockets with roots, and you just have to separate and plant them.
- Choose a baby who has grown to 6 or 7 cm. Often on such outlets there is already a root system.
Chlorophytum leaf rosettes
- A rosette with roots can be cut off and planted in a loose substrate. No greenhouses or hotbeds need to be built. Take care of an adult plant.
Leaf sockets with roots planted directly in the ground
- You can root the baby in water. After it has taken root, plant a young plant in the soil mixture.
If the root system is not developed, it can be grown in water
- You can root the socket in a nearby pot without being separated from the parent. When new leaves go, it will be possible to cut off the rooted chlorophytum from an adult plant.
You can apply this method of rooting
Reproduction by division of an adult plant
It is advisable to combine this procedure with a spring transplant.
- Remove the overgrown plant from the pot.
- Free the roots from the ground.
- Using a sharp knife, divide the bush into 2 or more parts. The main thing is that each divide has healthy roots and shoots. Wounds can be sprinkled with charcoal and dried.
Divide the chlorophytum bush with a sharp knife
- Plant parts in prepared pots.
- Pour and place in a place inaccessible to direct sunlight.
Propagation of chlorophytum using seeds
This method of reproduction is most often used by breeders who delight us with new varieties. In home breeding using seeds, chlorophytum winged is most often used. It is immediately worth noting that growing from seeds is a long process. Suitable time for sowing is the end of February or the beginning of March.
- Seeds need to be soaked in water for a day.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked
- During this time, prepare a bowl with a mixture of sheet soil, peat and sand. The soil mixture needs to be moistened.
- Seeds are practically not buried, only slightly pressed into the ground.
- After that, using a glass or plastic film to build a greenhouse, which must be put in a warm (21 ° C) place.
- The shelter is periodically ventilated and moistened with the help of a spray gun.
- The process of seed germination can take a month or 1.5.
Seed germination can take up to 1.5 months
- As soon as the first seedlings appear in the seedlings, you need to dive the plants in separate pots or glasses, using soil for adult chlorophytums.
When the first leaves appear, seedlings dive into separate pots
In order for the growing chlorophytum to look more magnificent, several young plants can be planted in one tank.
Reviews on growing chlorophytum
In the summer I bought a baby already at the variegated store, and now I am happy with it, it’s already a real bush. It’s just that the tips sometimes blacken, I just can’t adapt to watering: it dries up, then it abundantly watered.orhidea
Of the Dutch, it’s chlorophytums that I have been capricious of, a sort of ocean, but I’m sure that it’s my fault. After a long break in breeding domestic plants, the choice fell on chlorophytum as the most supposedly simple, so he was not lucky with me. Now we have more domestic plants on sale, but chlorophytums are only Dutch, and far from in the best condition.Yarra
I adore my chlorophytum, it was grown from a small child, and I forgot about it, too, so for two days I had a piece of butter in my sheepskin coat’s pocket, it froze and crumpled. When I discovered, I felt ashamed in front of him, so I organized the terra vita soil for him and a bright place, a grateful bonichka turned out to be! From a good mood, the leaves curl and get blond, but if you remove Bonya from his favorite bright spot on the window, he is immediately offended: he straightens the leaves and becomes more green. I tried to somehow attach it over the aquarium for aesthetic reasons, so he was so indignant that I had to return it to its place!Yulechek
I poke chlorics at home to all the pots, I make unique compositions. For some reason I believe in their miraculous ability to purify harmful air impurities with a bang!A-dav
Four times I tried to tame purchased ones. And transplanted in different ways, and did not transplant - the result is deplorable. And the roots were gorgeous, and the land offered different ... And I bought variegated, with a white stripe in the middle of the sheet.LaraMow
Chlorophytums are the most home plants. Unprincipled, easy to breed and very fast growing. In addition, their benefits are great. In highly polluted cities, these green vacuum cleaners help clean the air in apartments. And bright and cheerful greens will help create a cozy corner for relaxation.