Cherry Coeval - how to plant and grow
Cherry Rovesnitsa is widely distributed in industrial gardens of the Central Black Earth region and Belarus. Many gardeners also grow it in their plots, as it has many advantages. What are these advantages and how to grow this cherry - tell the reader.
Cherry variety of the same age was obtained by the All-Russian Research Institute for Fruit Crop Breeding (VNIISPK) by crossing Variety 11 and Black Consumer Goods. Good taste of berries and resistance to fungal diseases are inherited from the first parent, and productivity and frost resistance from the second parent. The variety has been in the State Register of Russia since 1986, it has been zoned in the Central Black Earth region, and since 2006 it has been in state variety testing of the Republic of Belarus.
The height of the tree is about three meters. Crohn's back pyramidal, medium thickened, raised. Ovaries form on bouquet branches and annual growths. Flowering is observed in mid-May (17-21), ripening of berries - in mid-July (12-15). The variety is self-fertile (partial self-fertility is indicated in the State Register), but the presence of pollinators (Novodvorskaya, Vyanok, Turgenevka) contributes to an increase in yield. The rate of maturity is 3-4 years after planting. The average yield is 40 kg / ha, the maximum - 64 kg / ha. One tree produces an average of 20 kg of berries, and according to studies of the Belarusian Institute for Fruit Growing - up to 34 kg.
The height of the cherry tree of the same age is about three meters
The same age has high winter hardiness of wood and medium - fruit buds, as well as drought tolerance. According to VNIISPK, the variety is highly resistant to coccomycosis and medium resistant to moniliosis, and the Belarusian Institute for Fruit Growing claims the opposite - moderate resistance to coccomycosis and high - to moniliosis.
Berries of the same age are small - an average of 3.0-3.5 grams. Their shape is round, the color is maroon. A small (0.2 g) stone is easily separated from the berry, the separation from the peduncle is dry. The pulp is dense, juicy with a pleasant sweet and sour taste . Assessment of tasters - 4.6 points. The sugar content is 11.0-11.5%, acids 1.25-1.41%, ascorbic acid 4.1 mg / 100g.
Berries of cherry. The same age as small, maroon color.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Summarizing, we can distinguish the following advantages of the cherry of the same age:
- winter hardiness;
- drought tolerance;
- resistance to coccomycosis and moniliosis;
- good taste and quality of berries.
Deficiencies revealed a little:
- average winter hardiness of fruit buds;
- not too large berries.
Planting ripe cherries
The rules for planting cherries of the Rovesnitsa variety are similar to the rules for planting other varieties of this crop. We will describe them briefly.
The best place for cherries is even or with a slight south or southwest slope, protected from cold winds, well-lit, without stagnation of water and flooding. The most suitable soils are sandy loam and loam with an acidity close to neutral (pH 6.5-7.0).
In industrial gardens, a woman of the same age is planted according to a 3 x 5 meter pattern . For gardening and garden plots, the row spacing can be reduced to three - three and a half meters, but it must be understood that caring for the trees in this case will be somewhat difficult.
In the Central Black Earth region and Belarus, this cherry is planted in the ground in early spring before sap flow begins, i.e. before the buds swell. Seedlings with a closed root system (in containers) are planted at any time during the growing season.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Step-by-step landing instructions
To plant a seedling, you need to prepare a planting pit (diameter 70-80 cm, depth 60-70 cm) for at least 2-3 weeks, and in the case of spring planting this is done in the fall. It is filled with a mixture of organics (humus, compost), peat, chernozem and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1. First, it is desirable to lay a crushed stone layer (expanded clay, broken brick, etc.) 10-15 cm thick for the bottom create drainage. So, the process of planting cherries:
- A few hours before planting, the roots of the seedling should be soaked in a solution of Zircon or a similar growth stimulator.
- A hole of such dimensions is dug in the landing pit so that the root system of the seedling with spread roots is placed in it, and an earthen mound is poured in its center.
- At a certain distance from the center, a stake 1–1.3 meters high is driven in.
- The seedling is lowered into the hole with the root neck on the mound and covered with earth, carefully compacting it. The root neck should end up at the soil level. It is convenient to control this with the help of a rail laid across the pit.
- The plant is tied to a peg so that the bark is not transferred. To do this, use elastic material (braid, rubberized tow, etc.).
- An earthen roller is formed around the trunk to hold water, after which it is watered abundantly. It is necessary to fill the trunk circle 2-3 times with water after completely absorbing it - this will ensure a firm fit of the soil to the roots and the absence of air sinuses.
An earthen roller is formed around the trunk to hold water, after which it is watered abundantly.
- Then the soil is mulched with suitable material, for example, humus, straw, husk of sunflower or buckwheat, etc.
- The central conductor is cut to a height of 0.8-1.2 m, twigs are cut in half.
Features of cultivation and subtleties of care
Like landing, caring for the same age is not difficult, does not require any special methods and techniques. It consists of standard cultural events - watering, top dressing, pruning.
Since the variety is drought tolerant, it does not need frequent watering. It is quite enough to water the cherry before flowering, and then twice more after flowering with an interval of 2-3 weeks. If the summer is dry and hot, then 1-2 watering after harvesting will not be damaged. In autumn, as for all crops, they conduct pre-winter water-loading irrigation. After irrigation, the soil needs to be loosened to provide oxygen access to the root zone. And also it is advisable to mulch trunks circles.
As usual, in the 3-4th year after planting, they begin regular dressing of the tree.
Table: Cherry fertilizer schedule
|Application Dates||Types of fertilizers||Application Method||Dosage and frequency|
|Spring, before flowering||Organic (compost, humus)||Under digging||5-7 kg / m2, once every 3-4 years|
|Nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate)||20-30 g / m2, annually|
|The second half of May, after flowering||Potash mineral fertilizers (potassium monophosphate, potassium sulfate)||Dissolve in water when watering||10-20 g / m2, annually|
|June||Infusion of grass (weeds, tops) in the water. Put grass in a barrel, fill it with warm water and insist for a week.||1-2 liters of concentrated infusion per 1 m2|
|Fall||Superphosphate||Under digging||30-40 g / m2, annually|
Crown crown of the same age form, as a rule, by a sparse-tier system in the first 4-5 years of the tree’s life. In the future, it is cut quite rarely, so the crown of a tree of this variety is not prone to thickening. In practice, pruning is reduced to periodic cleaning of dry and diseased branches (sanitary pruning), as well as to thinning of the crown, if necessary.
Crown crown of the same age form, as a rule, according to a sparse-tier system in the first 4-5 years of a tree’s life
Diseases and Pests
As already mentioned, cherry Rovesnitsa has increased immunity to the main fungal diseases (moniliosis, coccomycosis). And also it is rarely affected by other diseases. Of the pests, one can sometimes observe a cherry fly, aphid, and leafworms. Usually, to prevent such problems, it is enough to follow standard preventive measures (cleaning the area of fallen leaves in the fall, winter deep digging of tree trunks, calcareous whitewashing of trunks and thick branches), as well as timely treatments with fungicides (drugs to combat fungal diseases) and insecticides (funds pest control).
Table: processing cherries from diseases and pests
|The end of winter - the beginning of spring, before the buds swell||3% solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid||Annually||Universal (from all diseases and pests)|
|BOTTOM||Once every three years|
|Before flowering, one treatment, after flowering, two treatments with an interval of 7-10 days||Fungicides such as Chorus, Quadris, Strobi, etc.||Annually||From fungal diseases|
|Insecticides such as Decis, Spark, Aktar, etc.||From pests|
|Summer, unlimited treatments with an interval of two weeks||Fitosporin-M||From fungal diseases and foliar top dressing|
|Late fall||5% solution of iron sulfate||Universal|
In spring, I process my fruit trees, including cherries, with a pot mix of Horus and Decis. That is, in the same volume of water (10 liters) I dissolve 1 gram of Decis and 3 grams of Horus. These drugs are compatible and retain their quality when mixed, and such a mixture is effective at the same time against fungal diseases and pests. I spend three returns - one before flowering and two after flowering. This saves time and labor for processing.
Despite the excellent qualities of the Rovesnitsa cherry variety and its prevalence in industrial gardens, it is practically not discussed at gardeners' forums. Having examined many sites, I managed to find only two reviews.
I was pleased with the cherry harvest (Coeval) - about 20 kg from a tree planting in 2006. It tasted a little more acidic than last year. Because of the rains?Anina, Moscow
Last year I planted cherries with cherries (Rovesnitsa - This cherry is very popular among breeders and gardeners because of its high yield and good adaptability to a temperate continental climate. Cherry Rovesnitsa easily tolerates dry, hot summers and does not die in winter during frosts) both trees are in bloom, normal flight.Phil
Cherry Coeval has undeniable advantages - unpretentiousness, immunity to diseases, drought resistance, winter hardiness, good taste of berries. We confidently recommend this variety for cultivation not only in the zoning region, but also beyond.