Care and breeding of nephrolepis at home

    Nephrolepis is a representative of the fern genus. Some experts attribute it to the Lomariopsis family, others consider it to be the representative of the Davallievs. However, these nuances for lovers of home flowers are for reference only, and the plant itself is a wonderful decoration for a home or office.

    Meet Nephrolepis

    Nephrolepis is a grassy plant that is epiphytic or grows on the ground. Has an underdeveloped stalk giving short shoots.

    Lush green fern will decorate any interior

    The homeland of this magnificent magnificence are regions with a tropical climate. In the wild, it can be found in Africa, Asia, America, Australia, even in Japan and New Zealand. Under natural conditions, fern grows very quickly.

    Its long cirrus leaves, called waiyi, are collected in a rosette. Wii can reach 70–80 cm in length.

    Contrary to the legend of fern flowers, the plant is non-blooming, propagated by spores, division of the bush or layering. Disputes are collected in groups, forming the so-called sporangia. They look like miniature, first green convex points, brownish fluffy lumps as they mature. They are located on the underside of the leaves.

    In sporangia of a fern, many spores mature. which subsequently give rise to new plant colonies

    At home, several types of nephrolepis are bred. Among them there are unpretentious, not causing much trouble, there are capricious picks, which will have to tinker with. Which option is preferable - each owner chooses for himself, but in any case, the efforts will be rewarded. A healthy plant unusually enlivens the interior with a cap of lush leaves.

    The green mass of fern not only produces oxygen, but also has antimicrobial activity. Nephrolepis absorbs formaldehydes, xylene, toluene, which are generously released from household items from the air.

    Indoor types of nephrolepis

    There are several varieties of nephrolepis, which growers grow as indoor plants:

    • nephrolepis elevated;
    • nephrolepis Boston;
    • heart nephrolepis;
    • xiphoid nephrolepis;
    • nephrolepis Green Lady;
    • Emin's nephrolepis;
    • Blechnum, which belongs to the Derbyankov family.

    Nephrolepis elevated (Nephrolepis exaltata)

    One of the most common ferns in home breeding. The plant is unpretentious, caring for it will not be difficult. Its long (up to 50–70 cm) green Wii are assembled in a lush rosette. Aged leaves turn yellow, dry before falling.

    Nephrolepis elevated - one of the most common varieties of fern

    This variety can propagate as a division of the bush, and spores. The elevated nephrolepis gave rise to the removal of the mass of hybrids.

    Nephrolepis Boston (Nefrolepis exaltata var Bostoniensis)

    A species bred, as the name suggests, in Boston from sublime nephrolepis. From the ancestor it is distinguished by wavy, twisted leaves. Wii of this species can reach 1.2 m in length. He gave rise to the cultivation of varieties with leaves of complex shape, consisting of two, three and four leaflets fused together. This variety is most resistant to dry air.

    Boston Nephrolepis features original wavy leaves

    Heart Nephrolepis (Nephrolepis cordifolia)

    This representative of the family owes its name to the original form of the leaves on long, growing almost vertically, vayas.

    At the sight of leaflets of this variety, the origin of its name becomes clear

    On the root system of this species, tuberous formations can be seen. Soruses are attached along the seamy edge of leaf hearts. This species, like the previous one, propagates by spores, division of the bush.

    Xiphoid Nephrolepis (Nefrolepis bisserata)

    The leaves on the vayas of this species are in the form of pointed swords. Spores are attached to green leaves from the underside. This plant does not form tubers. A distinctive feature of the xiphoid nephrolepis is lush, reaching 1.5-2 m, the crown. Vayi of this size make this variety inconvenient for breeding at home in an ordinary apartment. You can meet this giant in greenhouses, conservatories.

    The pointed xiphoid shape of the leaves clearly distinguishes this variety from other ferns.

    Nefrolepis Green Lady

    A species of fern, characterized by a spherical "fountain" of green pointed leaves. Vayi is densely covered with openwork lobes growing close to each other. The plant is demanding on air humidity.

    Strong, lush wai Green Lady - big lovers of moisturized air

    Nephrolepis Emin (Nefrolepis Emina)

    A short, compact plant, whose vayi are resilient, almost upright. Its second name is Dragon Tail (dragon tail) or Green Dragon (green dragon). Unusual “curly” leaves give it a special appeal. This species grows to 50 cm

    Emin's nephrolepis strikes with elastic ways covered with curly leaves

    Blechnum (Blechnum) - another representative of ferns, popular with flower growers, however, of another family - Derbyankovs. Under natural conditions, its vayas reach a length of up to 1.5 m. It has earned recognition among indoor flower lovers thanks to its vayy covered with green palm-shaped leaves. With age, the rhizome grows above the ground and changes, becoming like a trunk. The plant as a whole resembles a palm tree. This type of fern is capricious and demanding on the conditions of cultivation and care, but for the sake of such beauty it is worth trying. At home, with proper care, vayas can reach a length of up to 1 m.

    Lignified mutated rhizome and long leaves with long leaves give the blehnum a resemblance to a palm tree

    Nephrolepis home conditions

    The content of nephrolepis at home implies compliance with certain parameters, as well as care rules, depending on the time of year.

    Table: requirements for the content of nephrolepis at home

    SeasonLightingHumidityWateringTemperatureTop dressing
    SummerStray, bright light

    location is desirable on the windows,

    facing west or east.

    Contraindicated

    direct sunlight.

    Possible placement on the balcony,

    loggias, partial shade terrace

    Humidity - not less than 60%.

    Daily spraying required

    warm soft water.

    Pot placement will help

    with flowers on a pallet filled

    soaked in water with moss, expanded clay.

    A container with a flower should not be immersed in water

    Watering is sufficient, you need to focus on

    drying of the upper

    substrate layer

    + 20o ... + 24oCFertilizers used are used weekly.

    for decorative

    plants

    in diluted form

    (1/4 or 1/2 of the recommended norm)

    WinterIn winter may be required

    additional artificial lighting

    not less than 6-7 hours

    Humidity - not less than 60%.

    Daily spraying required

    warm soft water.

    Pot placement will help

    with flowers on a pallet filled

    soaked in water with moss, expanded clay.

    A container with a flower should not be immersed in water

    Watering careful, through

    2-3 days after the top

    the layer dries.

    + 16o ... + 18oCExtremely rare, better at all

    cancel feeding -

    excessive efforts in it

    time is fraught with disastrous consequences for the plant

    Fern Nephrolepis in the expositions of the florarium

    Florarium is an original composition of flowers with the addition of various decorating elements, placed in a transparent vessel made of glass or plastic.

    A number of varieties of nephrolepis due to its compact size is used in the preparation of compositions for florarium. Bostoniensis Compacta cultivated from Boston nephrolepis is very small (up to 40 cm). This feature allows you to use it for growing in florariums. This species is quite unpretentious, in the conditions of florarium, subject to a high level of humidity and temperature conditions, the owner will be pleased with lush greenery. To compose compositions of florariums, you can pay attention to such varieties as Dallas Jevel, Teddy Junior. They are small in size, organically fit into the florarium ensembles.

    Also, croton is perfect for florarium, read about it: rastenija / kroton-kodieum-uxod-za-priveredlivym-krasavcem-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html

    Photo Gallery: Fern Florariums

    Small sizes allow the plant to be used in florariums

    Florarium is a composition of flowers and various decorating elements.

    Ferns of small sizes fit into the folarium ensembles in an original way

    Landing (transplantation) of nephrolepis

    The transplant is made in the spring. This procedure is recommended to young ferns with actively developing roots annually; after three years, transshipment is performed every 2-3 years.

    It is not recommended to place nephrolepis immediately in a large pot, because in this case the plants cannot fill a volume sufficient for normal functioning, moisture stagnates at the bottom, which leads to root decay. The signal for increasing the volume of the pot will be literally “getting out” to the soil surface of the plant roots. This indicates that the nephrolepis is crowded, it is time to start the transplant.

    The "home" for nephrolepis needs to be selected among plastic pots that better retain moisture. In them, the roots will not undergo overdrying. The form should take into account the characteristics of the root system of the fern, which grows to the sides, and not deepens. Based on this, a not very high, wide container is suitable. The size should take into account the volume of the green mass of the plant, so that the pot does not simply turn over.

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    Fern loves light, fertile soil with an acidity of pH 5-6.5. Soil for planting can be bought in a specialized store, special compositions for ferns are on sale. If desired, it is easy to make a mixture yourself. Deciduous land + sand + peat (4: 1: 1) will be required. There you need to add crushed charcoal and bone meal in an amount of 1 g for each kilogram of soil mixture.

    We transplant:

    1. First, a pot is prepared - it needs to be washed, rinsed with boiling water, wiped dry. At the bottom, it is imperative to make holes to drain excess water during irrigation.

      The presence of holes in the bottom of the pot is mandatory - this will prevent stagnation of water in the roots

    2. Drainage is laid out with a layer of 3-5 cm, broken shards, expanded clay are suitable for this purpose.

      Expanded clay or pebbles are suitable for drainage, clay shards can also be taken

    3. Nephrolepis is removed from the old pot with the earth, its excess is carefully shaken off. The fern is inspected for damage to the root system. Rotten, dead roots need to be trimmed, then put the plant in a pot, fill it to the top with soil, carefully pouring it and slightly crushing it with your hands. An important point: you do not need to fill the nephrolepis with soil to the very leaves, this will lead to rotting of the rhizome.

      When transplanting nephrolepis, it is important to follow the necessary recommendations at each stage

    4. After the transplant, water the plant with water.

    The nuances of care

    It’s easy to take care of this green miracle. It must be remembered that the plant is a native of the tropics. Hence the increased sensitivity to dry air and watering.

    Lighting

    Nephrolepis is a light lover, you need to place it in places with sufficient illumination, trying to avoid direct sunlight from entering the plant. Suitable windows facing east or west. Nefrolepis feels rather well under artificial lighting: it can often be found in various offices and institutions, where the fern has enough light from lamps that have been working for a long time.

    In summer, a green pet can be taken out into the open air, not forgetting to shade from the sun to avoid burns.

    In winter, there is not much light in the rooms, so additional lighting will be out of place.

    Humidity

    Native to the humid tropics, nephrolepis requires moist air. Everyday spraying with soft (necessarily warm) water will help, and in summer it must be done in double volume.

    You can put the plant on a moistened tray, filled to the top with some kind of filler (expanded clay, moss). But it’s important not to “drown” the bottom of the pot: it should stand as if on a stand. These requirements must be observed regardless of the season.

    Nefrolepis will gratefully respond to shower procedures. Warm water will not only support leaf moisture, but also wash away accumulated dust.

    Humidified air is suitable for growing bashful mimosa. Read more about this exotic plant: rastenija / esxinantus-kak-ugodit-roskoshnomu-no-prixotlivomu-krasavcu.html

    Top dressing

    Nephrolepis needs to be fed depending on the season. In the summer - 1 time every 7 days. For fertilizing, you can take fertilizers recommended for ornamental plants, diluted in half or 3/4 with water.

    In winter, fertilizers are used to a minimum, and it is better not to feed them at all, since the introduction of an excessive amount of fertilizing during this period can lead to plant disease.

    Adverse effects on plant health may be exerted by some errors in caring for it.

    Table: errors in the organization of care for nephrolepis

    Symptoms Probable errors
    WateringTemperatureHumidityTop dressing
    Leaves turn yellow and dryToo much water - turn yellow

    lower leaves, their tips are painted

    brown, dry.

    Water shortage - growth stops

    leaves, their lethargy, yellowing is observed.

    Cold water.

    Hard water

    Leaves turn yellow from the base -

    adverse temperature should

    rearrange in a cool place.

    With increasing temperature (> 25 ° C) -

    increase the frequency of spraying.

    With decreasing temperature (<12 ° C) -

    reduce volume and quantity

    watering

    Spraying with

    hit direct

    sun rays

    -
    Young waiyi wither and dieUse for watering cold waterLow temperatureLow humidity

    should increase

    quantity

    spraying

    -
    The plant fades, stops growing---Lacks

    nutrients

    fertilize

    Leaves turn yellow over time Natural process, dried wai should be removed

    Table: Diseases and Pests of Nephrolepis

    Diseases and PestsSymptomsWays to fightPreventive measures
    Gray rotGray fluffy coating on the leaves

    cuttings

    Treat with fungicide

    (Trichophyte, Alirin-B)

    Prevent stagnation of water,

    pour cold water

    at low temperatures

    Spider miteWhite appears on the leaves

    dots leaves gradually

    dry out when severely damaged

    thin web visible

    Rinse with warm water with

    laundry soap

    with severe defeat

    handle with special

    means (Actellik,

    Aktara

    Condor)

    Ventilate regularly

    room to spray

    plant periodically

    wash in the shower

    WhiteflyOn damaged leaves

    yellowish spots appear.

    leaves dry

    Wipe the leaves

    water-alcohol solution

    (1: 1).

    Treat with insecticides

    (Fitoverm, Actellik,

    Aktara, Condor)

    Observe water temperature

    mode, prevent high

    high temperature

    humidity - often ventilate

    room, regularly wash the flower

    in the shower

    MealybugAppears on the leaves

    white plaque they have

    damaged appearance, turn yellow.

    Visually visible pests

    Soap fern

    solution after drying

    treat with insecticides

    (Fitoverm, Actellik,

    Aktara, Inta-Vir)

    Inspect the plant regularly

    ventilate the room

    spray wash

    Reproduction of nephrolepis

    Nefrolepis can be propagated in several ways:

    • disputes;
    • dividing the bush;
    • shoots;
    • tubers.

    Spore propagation

    This method is difficult due to the likely sterility of the spores of home cultures or the presence of inferior hereditary information about the parent. If there is a persistent desire, you need to perform the following steps:

    1. Carefully separate the ripened grains with a knife, folding them onto paper.
    2. Put spores on prepared soil. Mandatory drainage. For the greenhouse, you need to use a plastic container with a lid.
    3. Put the seeds on the moistened substrate and, having closed the lid, leave in a warm, shaded place.
    4. Periodically air the incubator and moisten the soil. With a favorable set of circumstances, germination of seeds will take about three months. When the sprouts grow and get stronger, they can not be covered.
    5. Shaped rosettes can be planted.

    Disputes of home cultures of nephrolepis can be sterile, so this method of reproduction is difficult and rarely used

    Reproduction by dividing the bush

    This is the simplest and most common option:

    1. With a spring transplant, the rhizome is divided into several parts. Each new bush must have a growth point.
    2. Small bushes are seated separately.

    Reproduction of nephrolepis by dividing the bush during transplantation is the simplest and most common option

    Sprout propagation

    A “mustache” hanging from a seemingly idle position will help to get a new fern:

    1. Leafless shoots should be taken to the side, pressed to the substrate and placed in a separate bowl.
    2. They need to be dug so that the middle is covered by about 1 cm of soil.
    3. Do not forget about constant hydration.
    4. After two weeks, roots will appear, and then small shoots. When the young shoots get stronger, they can be separated from the mother plant and planted separately.

    For this method of reproduction, leafless shoots of nephrolepis are taken to the side and pressed in a separate bowl to the ground to root

    Tuber propagation

    Some species form moisture-saving tubers on the roots. They can be clearly seen when transplanting the plant. This breeding method is incredibly simple:

    1. The tuber is separated from the roots.
    2. Then it must be placed in the finished substrate.
    3. The soil is moistened as usual.

    On the roots of many species of nephrolepis tubers are formed, which are excellent for plant propagation.

    Plant reviews

    This is one of the most unpretentious ferns, a very spectacular plant. Gently love this unpretentious indoor fern. In September, she planted a huge pot-like pot, and everyone was gifted with a fern. But he began to grow well with me far from immediately. At first I managed to get a three-leafed plant, around which I couldn’t dance with a tambourine, I really wanted a big beautiful fern. But his dances did not touch me a bit, and he all stood in one pause, wondering, apparently, whether it was worth living. And so, digging through the Internet in search of an answer, what did he need, I came across a recipe that I want to share. For transplanting, it is necessary to dilute the earth very generously with pine bark. We also add pieces of coal, coniferous litter, you can add sphagnum. The sand still does not hurt to mix, if the land is purchased, and then there, as a rule, one peat. And it’s better to take the pot flat rather than tall. Transplanted in this way, my frog somehow very quickly recovered and went into growth, and now there are no problems with it. But he does not like drying out, and it is better to monitor the humidity of the earth. After all, he stands high, and the fact that he is dry is not immediately noticeable. Wii do not fade, but simply somehow turn pale and begin to dry at the tips of the leaves. But the saddest thing is that the "evidence" is drying up before it even has time to turn around. A beautiful home plant, unpretentious and grateful for the care, I recommend!

    irkin44

    I have the same. It is necessary to rearrange the window, otherwise the leaves are long and sparse. But when it opens up - oh and handsome! All guests drop in.

    Elf

    I have ferns for a long time, 15 years for sure. I always wonder when they complain about the lack of light for them. In my experience, they are beautiful and green only in winter. As spring comes - the sun, they begin to turn pale with me. If I take them out into the courtyard and on the completely shady side, where the sun never falls on them, the same thing. Become pale. Here are mine on the veranda in the winter, now I’ve already taken them off and hid them in the northern rooms.

    Zhike

    I love this plant for its luxurious thick greens, for an interesting observation of how a beautiful carved vaya appears from the "streets", and so on ad infinitum! My little children came up now and then, waiting for the green little hairy balls to appear on the surface of the earth, which change in size every day. The plant is quite good at surviving. But if you want it to be juicy green, he needs to create favorable conditions. The main thing is not to pour, often spray with settled water, not to feed with fertilizers, it is enough to fertilize twice with liquid fertilizer for decorative flowering plants. With very bright lighting, the vaya of the nephrolepis fade, so you do not need to put it on the south window. But in the shade it also pales. The most successful window will be the east. In the New Year we decorate it with rain, it looks very original. Very good fern with magnificent forms.

    Clarice

    I love ferns; I have several of them in my summer cottage. Maybe that's why I love and nephrolepis, because he is also a representative of ferns. Awesome handsome at home. It is not difficult to grow it, it grows very quickly, unpretentious. He prefers moist soil, likes spraying, grows well in partial shade, top dressing is needed from time to time.

    Anna Zakharchuk

    Video: home care for nephrolepis

    Nephrolepis is a very beautiful and unpretentious fern. With proper care, this tropical guest will delight the owner with lush, fresh foliage. This spreading plant adapts well in urban apartments, being a bright decoration of the interior.

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