Brusvyana - tree-like repairing raspberries
Fragrant, vitamin-rich raspberry berries make it a desirable crop in almost any suburban area. Among the variety of varieties, the restorative raspberry Brusvyana, which gives plentiful harvests of large and sweet fruits, is deservedly popular.
The history of growing raspberries Brusvyana
Raspberry got its name from the name of the berry nursery Brusvyana, located in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine. Variety author V. Dmitriev began breeding work on the cultivation of remont raspberries in 1993 by crossing the Polish variety Porana dew with domestic ones. For 15 years, the author has brought a new look to perfection. Now Brusvyana is grown in commercial and amateur gardens not only in Ukraine, but also in Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus.
The raspberry variety Brusvyana was included in the Ukrainian State Register of Plants in 2009. In the State Register of the Russian Federation is not registered.
During the ripening period, fruit branches of Brusvyana are strewn with large berries
The Brusvyana variety is repairing, that is, it is able to bear fruit twice during the season, first on two-year-old shoots, then on the stems of the current year. The bushes of this raspberry are so large and powerful (height up to 2 m, and the thickness of numerous stems up to 4 cm), that Brusvyana is often called a tree raspberry. It actively forms substitute shoots and branches strongly, so that the bush turns out to be dense. Root shoots are formed, on the contrary, a little, so that Brusvyana "sprawls" not as much as other varieties.
Raspberry stems erect, light brown in color. The thorns are green or pale brown, they grow very rarely (the stem is almost smooth). Embossed large leaves are painted in bright green color.
Brusvyana is often called tree raspberry because of the powerful tall branching bushes.
Abundant ovary formation occurs on fruit twigs. The elongated berries have a slightly glossy surface and a rich raspberry color. They are very large, weighing an average of 6–10 g, maximum up to 15 g. The dense pulp with a characteristic raspberry aroma has a sour-sweet taste. The high content of vitamins and minerals in the fruits makes them indispensable in folk medicine (used as an antipyretic, analgesic, diuretic). Raspberry leaves can also be used for medicinal purposes and are part of various teas and cosmetics.
Video: Raspberries Brusvyana ripen
Each plant variety is characterized by its inherent advantages and disadvantages. Advantages of Brusvyana:
- size and attractiveness of the appearance of berries;
- high yield - with proper care, you can collect 8 kg of berries from each bush, although the average yield is 4-5 kg;
- good transportability due to the dense pulp of the fruit;
- frost resistance and resistance to major diseases and pests;
- long fruiting period (from the second decade of June to mid-September);
- the content of a large number of nutrients.
Weaknesses of the variety:
- inconvenience of reproduction due to the small number of root offspring;
- low sugar content in berries;
- specific unpleasant odor emanating from the bushes.
The success of the planting depends on the correct choice of seedlings, timing and place of planting.
Selection of material for planting
Most often, seedlings are used for planting. It is advisable to purchase them in a specialized nursery in order to avoid buying sick material. The quality of seedlings is determined by the condition of the roots (developed, without rot and dry patches) and stems (green and strong). It is undesirable to take seedlings longer than 20 cm.
Seedlings with a closed root system take root better and can be planted almost any time of the year
Raspberries can be propagated by root offspring. Brusvyana gives them a little, but there is a way to “stir up” a lazy bush. In a 2-3-year-old bush, the central part with a diameter of 14–15 cm is cut out early in spring, after which 10–20 offspring will go from the roots.
Video: planting raspberries with root offspring
To propagate raspberries, you can use green cuttings. They need to be cut so as to capture part of the “bleached zone” - the underground section of the shoot. Cuttings are best done in the spring, although with good care, rooting of green cuttings can be achieved in the fall.
First, cuttings with a length of 10-15 cm must be kept for 12 hours in a root stimulant (heteroauxin, Kornevin), then planted under a film for rooting
For a good rooting of raspberry seedlings, planting should be carried out in the spring, before the appearance of green buds, or in the fall, in October. For cold regions, April planting is recommended so that rooting occurs before the soil freezes. If you bought seedlings in containers, you can plant it at any time of the year.
Site selection and soil preparation
Almost any soil is suitable for raspberries, provided good nutrition and watering. It is recommended to plant bushes in the soil with a slightly acid reaction. Despite the water loving nature, raspberries do not tolerate water stagnation (roots rot), therefore, with excessive moisture in the soil, drainage must be provided.
The maximum size of the berries and abundant harvests are obtained subject to the planting of raspberries on the southern side of the site. The place of planting should be well warmed up by the sun and be protected from the wind, which can break the bushes and prevent insects from polluting.
Some gardeners are sure that one of the successful ways to grow raspberries is to plant it on wood. It is believed that if you put rotten logs, sawdust or shavings at the bottom of the landing trench under the soil layer, this will reproduce the natural conditions for the growth of raspberries.
The soil must be prepared at least 20–25 days before planting. Remove all weeds and dig the soil. Since Brusvyana has a strong root system, the earth should be loose at the greatest possible depth.
Before planting, do not forget to enrich the soil with mineral fertilizers
Depending on the landing method (in-line or single), pits with a diameter and depth of 0.5 m or trenches with the same width and depth parameters are prepared. A mixture of mineral fertilizers is poured into the hollows made. For each running meter of the trench (for each pit), 1.5–2 buckets of humus, 20–25 g of potassium salts and 20 g of superphosphate are added. A thin layer of soil is poured over the fertilizers. The large size of the bushes of Brusvyana requires an appropriate place: between the bushes in the row you need an interval of 0.6–0.7 m, between the rows - 2.5–3 m.
Landing pits are best located near the fence, digging them at a distance of 0.6-0.7 m from each other
The landing process consists of a series of sequential steps:
- Inspect each bush seedlings, remove dry or injured areas of roots and stems.
- Dip the roots in a clay mash, then install the seedling in a trench (pit). Gently spread the roots and cover them with earth, compacting it with your hands. Planting depth 8–10 cm.
- Cut the shoot to the kidney, leaving a “stump” 20–25 cm long. If you purchased seedlings in containers, pruning is not required.
- Water (5-6 liters of water for each bush).
Raspberry care consists of regular tillage, watering, pruning, tying and preventing diseases and pests.
It is necessary to make sure that there are no weeds in the raspberry, and the soil always remains loose. Regular shallow (8-10 cm) loosening after watering will help to combat both the formation of soil crust and weeds. To preserve moisture, cover the loosened soil with mulch (for example, compost).
Trimming and tying
Pruning raspberries is carried out in spring and autumn. Since Brusvian has very thick stems, get a two-handed pruner. In spring, before the leaves bloom, the ends of the shoots of the last year are cut to 18–20 cm. This is done for sanitary purposes - to remove the tops injured by frost. In addition, such pruning allows the lower kidneys to develop.
After removing the second crop, the shoots of the previous year are cut to the root. To simplify wintering, you can cut the entire bush in autumn, but then next year, raspberries will give only one crop. True, it is usually not twice as inferior in volume.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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In the first ten days of May, it is recommended to thin out the plantings so that each bush has 5-7 shoots. However, some gardeners remove only the thinnest shoots (less than a pencil in diameter), leaving the bushes quite thick.
Thawed stems are cut off near the ground
Video: cropping remont raspberries
Although the stems of Brusvyana have a solid diameter, a strong wind can break or confuse the bushes. Therefore, it is better to hold a garter to the trellis. When planting raspberries in separate bushes, they make single supports for them - pillars 220–250 cm high and 7–8 cm thick. These pillars are dug to a half-meter depth and attract all the stems of the bush to them.
When planting in a row, raspberries are placed in the form of a trellis - two pillars with crossbars on which a wire is stretched
Watering and feeding
Raspberry bushes consume a lot of water during flowering and during the ripening of berries. The best results are given by drip irrigation. If you can’t use it, water it in the usual way - by grooves or by sprinkling, 6-7 times during the summer. Depending on weather conditions, the number of irrigations may increase or decrease. Water is supplied at the rate of 25–30 l per linear meter of the row so that the soil is saturated to a depth of 0.3–0.4 m. In the last decade of October, water recharging is carried out.
Mineral fertilizers are scattered over the soil surface, slightly mixed with soil, then watered
Raspberries begin to be fed 2 years after planting. In the spring, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers are applied (for each square meter, 60–100 g of nitroammophoska or 25–40 g of urea mixed with 30–40 g of double superphosphate). Darkening of shoots and leaves is an indicator of potassium deficiency. In this case, potassium sulfate (25–35 g / m2) is required. Fertilizers are scattered over the soil and carry out plentiful watering. Organics in the form of diluted mullein (1:10) or infusion of chicken droppings (1:20) are regularly added to the growing season at 4-5 l / m2. It is very useful to mulch the soil with humus during flowering at the rate of 5-6 kg / m2.
If after removing the second crop all the stems were cut, then the ground in the raspberry should be mulched with sawdust, peat or straw (layer thickness 20–25 cm). If only two-year-old stems were cut, the remaining shoots are tied and covered. This must be done before the onset of the first frost, otherwise the branches will break, and not bend. Preparing for winter should be done like this:
- Cut off the remaining leaves from the raspberry shoots.
- Tie up the stems in a bunch, bend to the ground in the form of an arch at a height of 30 cm from the ground and secure with hooks.
- Cover the bushes with non-woven material, which must be removed in early spring.
In early spring, the covering material must be removed, otherwise the shoots get wet and can rot
Pest and disease protection
Brusvyana has good resistance to pests and diseases. Nevertheless, infection is likely. Raspberries can get sick with gray rot, rust, anthracnose, white spotting. Of the pests, it is worth fearing the raspberry beetle and weevil. Prevention is best done to prevent trouble.
Weevils are very common pests of raspberries, they are disposed of by treatment with instecticides.
In early spring, it is worth treating raspberries with fungicides (Bordeaux mixture, a solution of copper sulfate, Fundazole). This will help protect against fungal diseases. If diseases are found, it is necessary to cut the affected shoots and burn, and treat the bushes with the listed drugs.
To protect yourself from insects, you can use almost any insecticide (for example, Actellic, Decis, Detoil). An important factor in protecting against pests and diseases is timely weed control, competent pruning and regular loosening of the soil.
Video: care for remont raspberries
How to harvest and keep the crop
The fruiting of Brusvyana begins in mid-June on the shoots of the previous year. The second crop is given by the branches of the current year in the second half of August and continue to bear fruit until frost. In cold weather, some of the crop does not have time to ripen. The advantages of the second crop include the fact that it is almost not affected by the larvae of the raspberry beetle.
Raspberries are harvested by hand, early in the morning or in the evening . If possible, berries should be stacked in a shallow container so that the raspberries do not wrinkle under their own weight. It should be noted that Brusvyana has rather dense berries and does not crease too much, you just need to pour the berries from one container to another as rarely as possible.
To raspberry suffered as little as possible during transportation, cover the bottom of the container with leaves (you can take raspberry). Layers of picked berries are also good for shifting leaves.
You can keep fresh berries in the refrigerator for 5-7 days. Repair raspberries are characterized by the ability to ripen berries on cut branches, immersed in water. In this case, the berries retain freshness for up to 10 days. Due to the high yield of the variety, such branches look very elegant and can be used for decorative purposes.
Raspberries, grated with sugar, are perfectly stored and will delight the whole family in winter
Brusvyana belongs to dessert varieties, but it can be used not only in fresh form, but also for jams, jams, grind with sugar or freeze.
Reviews about the grade of Brusvyan
I took this variety in the nursery of the same name, 2 bushes, one, however, ruined overflow. The survivor gave a small crop. So I can not judge the yield. But the taste is superb, I have not tried it better yet. It only multiplies very tightly - there are practically no overgrowths.Artemio
Yesterday and today I try - just as they ripened - the first berries on raspberries of the Brusvyana variety. There is a wife, a daughter, and I myself eat and I don’t believe myself that raspberries ripened so early in the open ground. Bush the second year. Planted in the ground with a large addition of sand. The surface of the earth all the time under a thick layer of mulch. This year, the mulch consists of the following: I throw grass on the ground in the chicken coop. When the layer reaches 20-30 cm, I rake it under raspberries. According to all the rules, raspberries should ripen in a month, and it pleases already !!! Fruits on the shoots of last year. Young shoots grew by about 120-130 cm, there are no lateral branches on them. Can you pin it? P.S. That year, my Brusvyana gave the first berries in the month of November. Fruited until December. It was large and tasty. And we decided that she had a late maturity. And we planted it in the spring: we bought an oily seedling at the exhibition.Grigory Bobryshev
I have the third year to Brusvyan. Fruits - up to 7-8 gr. The thickness of the shoots is 1.5 cm. Productivity no more than 4 kg. The advertisement is engine of the trade!Vesela dolina
Brusvyan shoots give enough. I did not count on the bush, since it all depends on the care and specific tasks. To increase the yield of seedlings, you can cut the roots with a shovel across the bush - this will cause the growth of additional shoots. And to the taste of me the repairmen are quite satisfied. Apricot and Augustine are sweeter. Good Polish morning dew. And Brusvyana is quite on the level. But the taste and color - no comrades.Nikolay
I have these two varieties of spring planting proved to be excellent. The berry is large, beautiful. Brusvyana has a very, very sweet. Ripens and unites the crop before Polka. Polka has a berry of harmonious sweet and sour taste. Brusvyana gave two shoots shoots, in the spring I will plant. The polka was lazy, I hope for spring nettles. Thanks to Kolya for such beauty and yummy.Shrew
Brusvyana is one of many varieties of remont raspberries. Its undeniable advantages include the size of the fruit and high productivity. But we must not forget that to obtain large berries and yields that correspond to the characteristics of the variety, you need to invest a lot of work and strictly follow all the rules of agricultural technology. Only then will Brusvyana thank the owner with a good harvest of large, dense berries, which are good both for immediate consumption and for preparing various culinary masterpieces.