Broccoli: versed in grades

Initially, broccoli began to grow in the Mediterranean. Translated from Italian, this name means “flowering cabbage stalk” or “twig”. After the plant went beyond the Mediterranean, it was long called Italian asparagus. Today this unusual vegetable with the same unusual name for the Russian ear is already becoming popular on our tables and even beds, because it is not without reason that it is called cabbage of eternal youth. Therefore, the article will discuss which varieties of Italian cabbage most successfully settle on Russian soil.

The best varieties for open ground

All types of broccoli can be divided into two groups:

  • classical (Calabrian) has loose green heads;
  • Italian (asparagus) - it does not form a head of cabbage, but individual stems that taste like asparagus.

Let's try to understand the different varieties of amazing cabbage, determine which ones are best suited for cultivation in different regions of our country and in neighboring countries.

Video: Overview of Broccoli Varieties

All varieties of broccoli registered in the State Register of Selection Achievements of the Russian Federation are recommended for cultivation in any of the regions .

Nevertheless, we’ll try to decide where exactly and which of the varieties is preferable to grow.

So that the cabbage is spoiled, we select the right varieties

Varieties of broccoli Tonus and Corvette are most suitable for growing in the middle lane, because well tolerate both hot weather and cold snap.

Table: The best varieties of broccoli for open ground

Growing regionEarly varieties (70–80 days)Mid-ripening varieties (90–100 days)Late ripening varieties (130-145 days)
Moscow regionTone,

Curly head

Vitamin

Agassi

Vyarus

Corvette,

Comanches

The emperor

Monterey F1,

Gnome

Marathon F1,

Continental

Lucky F1

Leningrad regionTone,

Batavia F1,

Kermit F1,

Brogan F1

Fiesta F1,

Gnome

Marathon F1,

Continental

Lucky F1

SiberiaGrown through seedlings, planting in open ground is recommended in mid-May.

Tone,

Laser F1,

Vyarus

Green Magic F1,

Linda,

Fiesta F1

Arcadia F1,

Monterey

Calabrese

Varieties with late ripening to grow in Siberia is not recommended.

Medium-late varieties can be grown in greenhouses:

Lucky F1,

Continental

Marathon F1

UralGrown through seedlings, planting in open ground is recommended in mid-May.

Tone,

Laser F1,

Linda,

Vyarus

Green Magic F1,

Macho F1,

Fiesta F1

Arcadia F1,

Monterey

Calabrese

Varieties with late ripening to grow in Siberia is not recommended.

Medium-late varieties can be grown in greenhouses:

Lucky F1,

Continental

Marathon F1

The middle strip of RussiaBaro

Vyarus

Tone,

Corvette,

Comanches

The emperor

Fiesta F1,

Gnome

Marathon

Continental

Lucky F1

Northwest RussiaIt is grown preferably through seedlings, which are sown in early May.

Tone,

Batavia F1,

Kermit F1,

Brogan F1

Fiesta F1,

Gnome

Marathon F1,

Continental

Lucky F1

UkraineAgassi F1,

Vyarus

Tone,

Emperor

Laser F1,

Monaco

Monterey

Ironman

Arcadia F1,

Bilboa

Fortune,

Gnome

Marathon

Continental

Lucky F1,

Romanesco

BelarusCaesar

Batavia

Fiesta,

Vyarus

Ironman

Calabrese

Monterey

Marathon F1,

Continental

Lucky F1,

Romanesco

Some Popular Varieties of Broccoli

Early and mid-ripening varieties are more suitable for areas with shorter summers, where later varieties simply do not have time to ripen.

Let's get a little closer to some of the popular r varieties:

Tone

The taste of the Tonus variety is rated as excellent

A proven Russian variety whose taste can be rated excellent. The color of the heads is dark green, the inflorescences have an average density. The variety is characterized by a quick and friendly growth of small axillary heads after cutting the main one. Cut off the heads until flowers appear.

Variety Tonus has a tendency to flowering. It is more suitable for those gardeners who have the opportunity to visit their plantings daily. Regular cutting of ripe heads is the key to long-term fruiting.

Variety Vyarus

Vyarus is resistant to adverse weather conditions

Variety of Polish selection. It forms dense bluish-green heads weighing up to 120 g. It tolerates both low and high temperatures. Ripening period is 65–75 days. The size of the inflorescences is relatively small, but after cutting the main head, additional ones quickly form. Productivity - 2.9 kg / m2.

Variety Curly Head

Variety Curly head practically does not hurt

The variety is mid-season, resistant to diseases. The weight of the main head reaches 600g, the shape is rounded flat. Productivity 2.4 kg / m2.

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Late ripe variety Romanesco

The late-ripening Romanesco variety attracts with its unusual appearance: its inflorescences resemble tender green fir-trees

The late-ripening variety will decorate any table with its unusual appearance: it forms cone-shaped heads weighing 400-600 g. A delicious and stably-yielding variety.

Video: Jung's super early variety

Large-fruited and productive varieties of broccoli

Productivity can vary from one to four and even seven kg / m2. Mid- and late-ripening broccoli varieties are more productive.

Table: large-fruited and productive varieties of broccoli

Grade nameAverage weight of a single headProductivity
Monterey600–1.2 kg3.6 kg / m2
Orantes600–1.5 kg3.6 kg / m2
LindaThe most fruitful variety from the early ones: the mass of the head is 300–400 g; after cutting, another 7 lateral shoots of 50–70 g grow.3-4 kg / m2
PartenonHead weight 0.6 - 0.9 kg3.3kg / m2
MarathonAverage head weight - 0.8 kg3.2 kg / m2
Beaumont F1Heads of cabbage can weigh up to 2.5 kg2.5 kg / m2
Batavia F1The average weight of the head is 700-800 g, the maximum weight is up to 2 kg.2.5 kg / m2
FiestaHead weight can reach 0.8 - 1.5 kg1, 5 kg / m2
LuckyHead weight up to 0.9kg1, 5kg / m2

Linda variety contains iodine more than other varieties.

Maraton is valued among growers for its truly delicious taste.

Gallery: Broccoli yields

Linda variety - a popular precocious variety

Weight reaches 2.5 kg

The shape of the head resembles an ellipse

Heads are formed large, weighing up to 1 kg

Head weight reaches up to 1.5 kg

Like other types of cabbage, broccoli has both varieties and hybrids. The main difference between them is that seeds cannot be collected from hybrids for further propagation. They were bred by crossbreeding, more resistant to disease, valued for the various virtues that were achieved as a result of breeding.

Hybrid Green Magic F1

Hybrids are more unpretentious and resistant.

Early-ripening in terms of ripening, unpretentious, especially good during the cold seasons, well stored. Head up to 0.7 kg in weight.

Hybrid Arcadia F1

Hybrid broccoli Arcadia grows tall and powerful

It is considered the best for Siberia and the Urals. It gives a good harvest even in bad weather conditions and thickening. The plant is powerful, tall,

I can say that personally I have never grown broccoli on my site. But in the process of working on the article I was so inspired by the information and reviews of gardeners who have already tried to do this, that I will certainly be doing this in the coming season. I'll start with a small area, and there it will be visible. Almost sure that broccoli will surely please me.

The beauty of broccoli is sure to please its healthy harvest

Reviews

For the last 5 years I have been taking the seeds of broccoli Lucky, a very successful hybrid. Last season, sowing seeds in the greenhouse March 18, April 30 planting in the ground. And so it turned out, these are the first heads, and the sides are small, but a lot of them were cut off by the latter at the end of September. And about the "does not bloom" only depends on you, you need to cut in time, not allowing to outgrow.

Rosalia

I plan to plant the Partenon F1 broccoli hybrid next year too. I have these seeds, also from SAKATA, but the truth is not from Gavrish, but from Prestige (probably this is the same thing). On the package it is written that the seeds are treated with tiram and do not require soaking. This year I planted the seeds of broccoli hybrid Maraton F1 on March 23, on the packaging was exactly the same information, the seeds themselves are blue. I didn’t process them, didn’t warm them, didn’t cool them, I didn’t do anything with them. Just before planting, warm root water was diluted in warm water and added liquid phytosporin and this solution spilled the soil, then made a small indentation with a pencil, about 1 cm., Dropped a dry seed into it and sprinkled with purchased soil, slightly compacted. After 3 days, all seeds of this hybrid sprouted safely. Four days ago, in the garden, this hybrid of broccoli Maraton F1 looked like in the photo.

Oksana

I also had problems with broccoli, until I got into the Fiesta variety, now I buy a couple of years in advance, otherwise it is not always on sale. Previously, I tried all sorts of varieties - some flowers, but the Fiesta doesn’t fail every year, even though it’s hot, even rains ... I think the choice of varieties for each locality is also of great importance.

Sveta

If you are still considering whether you will grow the most beneficial broccoli in the coming garden season, then decide on it as soon as possible. Soon it's time to sow seedlings!

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