Blueberry Marvelous - forest guest of your garden
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of forest berries for human health, but it is not always possible to go to the forest and pick up this treasure in the basket. Then science and painstaking work come to the rescue. Indeed, today wild berry varieties are grown on our sites today. Among them is Blueberry Divnaya.
What's in my name for you: grade description
This variety of blueberries appeared in the Central Siberian Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences by selection from the natural population. It’s difficult to mix Blueberries with another one: the berries are so abundant on the branches that this fruit bush can be compared to grapes. In 1995, Divnaya was included in the State Register. They grow it throughout the country.
Blueberries are so common that they resemble grapes.
We turn to a brief description of the variety:
- the bush is medium-tall, slightly spreading;
- shoots are curved, light brown, hairless, matte;
- the berries are large, slightly flattened, taste sweet and sour, they are characterized by a high content of ascorbic acid, vitamin E and B vitamins;
- ripening period - medium;
- productivity - up to 1.6 kg per bush.
Table: advantages and disadvantages of blueberries
|Grade Advantages||Grade Cons|
Blueberry Divnaya is perfect for harvesting, and for fresh consumption.
Blueberry enhances metabolism, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the heart and digestive system. Its juice is stored and used for a long time including making delicious berry wine.
Blueberries make delicious jam, juice, jam and many other desserts
In order to get a rich harvest of blueberries on your site, you need to apply a few simple rules for caring for a tree.
Wonderful propagates, like all garden blueberries, seedlings. You can plant them in spring and autumn. But spring is still the most favorable time, because the seedling will have the opportunity to properly get stronger before the cold.
Remember that the root system of blueberries is very fragile. If you purchased the plant in a container, then before planting the roots need to be soaked in water for 10-15 minutes, and then thoroughly spread.
A place for planting should be chosen sunny, sheltered from the wind (you can install a screen from agrofabric or use a hedge). But blueberries are demanding of the land - they love acidic soils (peaty and peaty-sandy). The necessary composition of the plant can be obtained artificially.
The process of planting blueberries consists of several stages:
- Dig a hole: on light soils - about 50 cm deep and 70 - 80 cm wide, on loamy soils, pits form wider - about 100 cm, but less deep - about 30 cm.
- Fill the bottom of the landing pit with drainage - this will protect your landing from stagnation of water and, as a result, decay of the root system.
- It is better not to use the earth dug from the pit. After all, you must have once added ash or dung to it, but blueberries cannot tolerate them. The soil must be formed from a pre-prepared substrate, which includes horse ginger peat, coniferous litter, bark, sand and old sawdust. Take 1 kg of each component for each bush.
- To increase the acidity of the soil, colloidal sulfur should be used (1-2 tbsp.spoons around each bush). If the growth is weak, and the foliage has a light green hue, then it is necessary to use oxalic acid (0.5 teaspoons per 10 liters of water).
- The distance between the bushes should be about a meter . After planting, do not forget to abundantly mulch the earth with a mixture of needles, sawdust and bark.
After planting, blueberries must be mulched
Fertilizers are not required when planting blueberries.
Video: planting garden blueberries
Immediately after planting, the bush of blueberries must be cut. All weak branches must be removed, and healthy and strong ones should be shortened to half. Blueberry Marvelous must be cut every spring and autumn according to the same principle .
The main thing in caring for blueberries is watering. The plant is very fond of water, especially in the first year of life: a young seedling needs watering at least once every two days. Do not allow the soil to dry out, but there should also be no waterlogging - this can damage the roots of the plant. The best way to irrigate blueberries is with fine or fine spray irrigation .
Blueberry - a moisture-loving berry
In summer, it is necessary to loosen the soil under blueberries several times. The depth of cultivation should not exceed 10 cm - this is safe for the root system .
Trunk circles must be regularly mulched. Do not skimp on the mulch - its layer should be at least 10-15 cm. The material will be sawdust, peat or compost, in general, everything that is available to the gardener.
Weeding the plant is necessary as needed. Between the rows on which blueberries are planted, green manure (mustard, radish, oats, and legumes) can be planted. This will facilitate weeding, protect the roots, and in the future will serve as good material for mulch.
In the spring, before the buds swell, the plant needs mineral fertilizers. Blueberries are suitable sulfates of ammonium, potassium and zinc, magnesium sulfate, superphosphate. Superphosphate for blueberries is used at the rate of 100 g per bush. Magnesium fertilizers - 15 g per bush, and potassium and zinc - 2 g per plant.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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In the first year after planting, the plant needs additional nitrogen fertilizers. They are brought in three times a year: in early spring (40% of the annual norm), in May (35%) and in early June (25%). The norm for fertilizing one plant per year is 70–90 g.
As mentioned above, Divnaya blueberry is practically not susceptible to disease and is not afraid of pests, but timely prevention will benefit the tree only.
First of all, anthracnose is dangerous for blueberries. This is a fungal disease, often affecting the plant during flowering, but obvious, as a rule, only at the stage of fruit ripening.
Anthracnose can significantly reduce yield, and its severe form can completely destroy it.
To get rid of anthracnose, it is necessary to remove the affected parts of the plant and burn them. To control the disease, blueberries need to be treated with Switch, Skor, Signum, Polyversum 2-3 times during flowering . For preventive purposes, the plant is sprayed with 3% Bordeaux fluid in early spring.
Bacterial cancer is manifested in “tumors” on the branches. Delays the growth and development of the plant, can lead to its death. If such symptoms are found, the damaged branches must be removed and burned. Next, you need to process the bush with Euparen, Fundazole or Topsin-M .
To prevent the disease, blueberries are sprayed with 3% Bordeaux liquid twice: before buds open and after leaves fall.
Bacterial Cancer May Kill Blueberries
The disease is manifested by brown spots on the leaves, the middle of which brightens over time. Septorious spotting leads to a weakening of the plant and a decrease in yield. This fungus winters on fallen leaves. For treatment, Topaz or Skor preparations are used.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended to collect and destroy foliage in the fall, and also to spray the plant with 3% Bordeaux liquid in the spring.
To prevent septorious spotting, blueberries are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid
Pests usually do no serious harm to the Divnaya blueberry. However, to insure against possible inconvenience caused by harmful insects (scale insects, aphids, May bugs), spray blueberries with Karbofos or Aktellik in early spring and after harvest .
For the prevention of pests, it is advisable to spray blueberries twice a year
If the winters are harsh, then it is better to grow varieties of blueberries, such as marsh. Wondrous - still not affected by diseaseOlga Kulikova
This year, blueberries started well. Despite the fact that in many varieties of apple trees even the color was beaten with frost in April - May. Blueberries grow well on ordinary soils, even carbonate. If the soil is acidified with ground sulfur powder before planting. Just pour a good handful of sulfur, carefully dig it with a garden pitchfork. Plant a seedling in prepared soil. And then mulch with sawdust, and so contain. Regular watering is desirable. And no more "fertilizers" are required. Colloidal sulfur can also be used. And without digging at all. Just by spilling the earth with a suspension of sulfur. That is, the only important condition is the maintenance of an acidic environment. It is very important! For the existence of symbiotic blueberry mushrooms. They feed the plants. And for them, the second necessary condition is organic mulch. I use softwood sawdust (large, from sawing). I have carbonate soils. And blueberries have been growing for many years. Harvest grows steadily with age. Under a bush of blueberries - lingonberries. And next to it is cranberries. And all the plants feel great, and regularly bear fruit annually.Aleksandr Kuznetsov
In April, planted two bushes of blueberries. The buoy fertilizers filled the hole with rotted manure and WMD. I water a week with apple cider vinegar 1-2 tbsp. spoons on a bucket of water. They are living thin. And the hand does not rise with electrolyte.Tobolsk
I have 5 blueberry bushes, planted: two bushes - 5 years ago, three bushes - 3 years ago. Last year, I transplanted them into acidic peat, straightened the roots horizontally, on top of the peat I laid mowed grass about a meter in diameter and 10 centimeters high, and covered with coniferous sawmills from the sawmill also 10 centimeters high on top of the grass. And all this was poured with Baikal EM. He poured water with acidified electrolyte two to three times during the season (2 teaspoons per 10 liters of water). And for the winter he bent the bushes to the ground and crushed them, they wintered under a layer of snow. This year, for the first time, all the bushes were bred, even though I haven’t done much of 1–1.5 kg from the bush, but for us there is already progress.Vladimir K.
So, blueberries require very acidic soils - and at the same time - without stagnation of water (i.e. lowlands with a close water level are contraindicated), which its roots can not stand at all, that is, breathable. But at the same time - a sufficiently high humidity. It is possible to create such an environment by their very sawdust, straw, leaves, but in practice it is very difficult. It is easy to make a mistake, its characteristics will constantly change. Nature knows better and has created such material - this is peat. And for blueberries you need to prepare such a peat substrate. And by no means land. But peat peat is different! The completely decomposed black grass peat is good for everyone, but has a high pH. But the blueberry needs a half-decomposed, brown color, where traces of moss are still visible. He is more sour. Peat is often scarce, so it can be diluted a third to a quarter with coarse sand.Oleg-Kiev
Growing a berry that retains the benefit and beauty of a forest relative is not an easy task, but Divnaya blueberry will reward your work according to your deserts. With proper care, the crop will delight you year after year. And, of course, bushes with clusters of berries will become a real decoration for any garden.