Blackberry: types and best varieties for growing in different regions of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine

Our ancestors did not even think of planting thorny blackberry bushes in their garden. This berry was picked in the forest, cooked delicious jam, made tinctures and just feasted on it. But now blackberry plantings in household plots are increasingly crowding traditional raspberries, currants and gooseberries. However, the Americans are far from us. In the New World, berries are grown on an industrial scale. And local breeders have succeeded in breeding new varieties. Now, to the delight of gardeners of all countries, the blackberry has become larger, unpretentious and even lost its unpleasant thorns.

Cumanica or dewdrop: types of berry shrubs

Blackberries are a close relative of raspberries, both are members of the Rosaceae family. Wild thickets of hedgehog berries are usually located near ponds and at the edges. In Russia, the most common two species: gray and bushy.

Thickets of forest blackberries form a prickly impenetrable barrier

Giant blackberries (Rubus armeniacus) are found in the North Caucasus and Armenia. It was this berry that was first grown as a cultivated one. But the plant was so prickly that gradually it was replaced by new varieties, sometimes completely devoid of thorns.

In Eurasia, blackberries are often grown by amateur gardeners for their own pleasure. And on the American continents, whole plantations are reserved for this berry, it is bred for sale. The leader in the production of blackberries is Mexico. Almost the entire crop is exported.

Blackberries are very popular in America, gardeners in Europe and Asia have not tried this berry yet.

Blackberries are shrubs or shrubs with perennial rhizomes and shoots that live only 2 years. The plant has picturesque complex leaves, green above and whitish below. There are evergreen forms. At the end of May or in June (depending on the variety and climate) the blackberry is covered with flower brushes. After, instead of white-pink small flowers, fruits appear. Drupe berry beads are gradually poured with juice, redden, and then acquire a dark blue color. In some varieties, they are covered with a bluish-gray coating, in others with a glossy sheen.

The berries of the forest and garden blackberries are a storehouse of nutrients

Sweet acid blackberry fruits are very healthy. They contain natural sugars, potassium, manganese, iron, vitamins A, C and E. These berries will help reduce body temperature, relieve inflammation, improve the digestive system, calm the nerves, and strengthen the immune system.

Despite many common features, plants combined under the name “blackberry” can differ greatly in appearance and cultivation characteristics. Conventionally, they can be divided into erect, climbing, transitional and non-bearing forms.

Blackberry upright

Blackberries, which grow like raspberries, are also called kumanika. These are tall (2 m and above) bushes with straight stems, eventually drooping in an arc. Usually they are grown with support on a trellis.

Upright blackberries are usually grown based on trellis.

In the original forms, the shoots are covered with large, often curved spikes. Shrub blackberry prefers moist soil, without abundant watering, productivity will be low. The fruits are cylindrical in shape, blue-black, shiny. Most erect varieties withstand frosts well, although in the northern regions they need shelter. Bush blackberry propagates by root offspring and cuttings.

The view with erect shoots became the base for many varieties of American and Polish selection. These are Agavam, Apaches, Gazda, Ouachita, Ruben.

Blackberry climbing (creeping)

The blackberry shrub with sprouts creeping on the ground received the name "dewdrop". A typical representative of the species in the wild is gray-blackberry growing in the forests of Eurasia, including in the West Siberian taiga. Curly shoots can reach 5 m in length. They do not need support, but gardeners often tie them to trellises. Numerous spikes in a climbing blackberry are small.

Fruits are more often rounded, less often elongated, blue-violet with a dull bluish coating. Yields of dewdrops are usually greater than those of Cumanica. However, the frost resistance of this plant is below average. Without good protection, the shrub will not survive the harsh winter. But the climbing blackberry tolerates drought, is not very demanding on the quality of the soil and can grow in partial shade. The culture is propagated by seeds, apical cuttings.

The most famous varieties of climbing blackberry: Izobilnaya, Texas, Lucretia, Columbia Star, Thorless Logan, Oregon Thornless.

Transitional view

There is a blackberry, which is something between an erect and creeping bush. Its shoots first grow vertically, and then wilt, reaching the ground. Such a plant propagates by root layers, and rooting of the tops. This type of blackberry is able to tolerate small frosts, but prefers to be insulated in winter.

Varieties of transition pitchfork include Natchez, Chachanska Bestrna, Loch Ness, Valdo.

Transitional blackberry first grows vertically, and then wilts and spreads

Spiked Blackberry

Ashipless blackberry is a man’s creation; the species does not occur in the wild. The non-spiky plant was obtained by crossing split blackberries (Rubus laciniatus) with other varieties. Varieties completely devoid of thorns, with upright, creeping and semi-spreading shoots, have now been bred.

Harvesting a shipless blackberry is easier

Video: the benefits of blackberries and the features of its cultivation

Varieties

According to some estimates, more than 200 blackberry varieties have now been created; according to others, they are half as many. Selection of this berry culture has been going on for at least 150 years. The first hybrids were received by American gardeners back in the 19th century. The most famous Soviet biologist I.V. also contributed to the variety of blackberry varieties. Michurin.

At first, the selection of blackberries was aimed at creating large-fruited productive plants that are adapted to frosty winters. In recent years, breeders have taken a great interest in breeding non-studded varieties, experimenting with the ripening dates of berries. Now gardeners can choose a blackberry that fully meets their conditions, bears fruit twice a season. Classification of varieties is very arbitrary. One and the same species has the right to enter into 2-3 groups.

For example, the time-tested Agaveam variety is an early, winter-hardy, and shade-tolerant blackberry.

Early blackberry

Early blackberries begin to ripen in early summer: in the southern regions - at the end of June, in July in the north. The berries do not turn black at once, but in succession; harvesting usually stretches to 6 weeks. Among the early varieties there are prickly and non-prickly, erect and creeping blackberries. Their common disadvantage is low frost resistance.

Natchez

Natchez variety bred 10 years ago in Arkansas. This is a large-fruited blackberry (average weight of berries - up to 10 g), devoid of thorns. The shoots are semi-erect, 2-3 m high. The first berries ripen in June. They have a sweet, slightly astringent taste. The crop fully ripens in 30–40 days. From one bush manages to collect about 18 kg of fruit. Frost tolerance of the plant is low (can withstand up to -15 ° C), in winter it needs shelter.

Natchez blackberry gives a high yield of large berries

Ouachita

This is a very generous variety of American breeding. Bushes are powerful, vertical (height not more than 3 m), without thorns. Fruits are medium sized (6–7 g), ripen in June-July. The yield, according to the authors of the variety, is up to 30 kg from one bush. The disadvantage is that it can hardly withstand low temperatures (maximum up to -17 ° C). It is difficult to cover the bushes, they do not bend well.

Ouachita blackberries are very fruitful, but the berries are not very large

Giant (Bedford Giant)

Gigant blackberries are grown on an industrial scale. This is a shrub with climbing stems densely dotted with thorns. Dense and very tasty berries of medium or large size (7-12 g) begin to ripen by July. This variety is characterized by medium frost resistance, winters well under light shelter.

Giant blackberries are often grown for sale.

Columbia Star

This is one of the newest American varieties that have not yet gained popularity. Columbia Star is an early spiny blackberry with long shoots (about 5 m); they make it somewhat difficult to care for the plant. The creators of the hybrid promise high yields and very large fruits (up to 15 g). This blackberry patiently endures heat and drought, but is afraid of severe (below -15 ° C) frosts. Experts note the refined taste of berries.

Columbia Star - a new promising variety

Chachanska Bestrna

A variety of Polish selection, which gives up to 15 kg of crop from the bush. It is convenient to pick berries from half-spreading shoots, there are no thorns on them. Juicy fruits are large, taste sweet and sour. Their disadvantage is the short shelf life. Blackberry Chachanska Bestrna is unpretentious, without problems tolerates heat, drought and cold to -26 ° C, rarely gets sick.

Chachanska Bestrna - a variety with juicy berries that are difficult to store

Osage

Gardeners celebrate Osage as a blackberry with the most refined taste. However, its productivity is not too high, 3-4 kg of berries are harvested from one plant. The bushes grow vertically, their height is up to 2 m, shoots are spiky. The berries are oval-round in shape, medium in size. Resistance to frost is weak (does not withstand below -15 ° C), so you can’t do without shelter even in the south.

Even in the southern regions blackberry Osage needs to be covered for the winter

Karaka Black

This is a new variety of early climbing blackberry, developed by New Zealand biologists. Elongated fruits (their weight is 8–10 g) look original and have a characteristic sweet and sour taste. Fruits Karaka Black for a long time, up to 2 months, each bush gives a yield of up to 15 kg. The disadvantages of this blackberry are spiky shoots and low resistance to frost.

Read more about the variety in our article: Blackberry Karaka Black - champion in large-fruited.

The berries of the blackberry Karak Black are elongated, similar to an ear

Video: the fruiting of blackberry Karak Black

Varieties with a medium ripening period

These berry bushes produce crops in the middle or end of summer. The taste of the fruit often depends on the weather. In rainy summers they will be more acidic, in the heat they can lose moisture and dry out.

Loch Ness

Loch Ness is considered one of the best in taste among undemanding varieties. This half-spreading blackberry is devoid of thorns, the bushes are compact. Harvest Loch Ness harvested from the end of July. It is stably high, with good care from one plant, about 30 kg of delicious berries with a slight sour taste are obtained.

Loch Ness - a capricious and productive variety of blackberry

Loch Tay

This short-necked hybrid is distinguished by sweet large (up to 15 g) berries with a dense skin that are almost not damaged during transportation. But the yield of the variety is not the highest, about 12 kg per plant. The flexible shoots of the blackberry Loch Tey are long, about 5 m, so they will need support. And before the winter, the lashes will have to be removed to shelter. Frosts below -20 ° C are fatal for this variety.

Loch Tey differs in dense and lying berries

Valdo (Waldo)

This blackberry variety is time-tested and has received the best recommendations from gardeners. Shrub without thorns, creeping, compact, very convenient for small areas. The medium-sized (up to 8 g) berries ripen in July. About 17 kg is harvested from each bush. Resistance to frost is average, in a cold climate shelter will be required.

Valdo is a compact blackberry variety with high yields

Kiova

The variety is distinguished by huge berries. The individual weight reaches 25 g, and the crop, ripening in July-August, reaches 30 kg from the bush. But the straight shoots of this blackberry are covered with sharp thorns. This plant withstands frost up to -25 ° C, but in the northern climate on the eve of winter it needs shelter.

Kiova is the largest blackberry variety

Video: Kiowa large blackberry variety

Late grades

Blackberry varieties whose berries ripen late, as a rule, are unpretentious and will not require significant efforts from the gardener. They are good because the crop ripens towards the end of summer, and sometimes at the beginning of autumn, when other berry crops are already resting. But in the northern regions it is not always convenient. Sometimes a blackberry does not have time to ripen before the first snowfall.

Texas

The author of the variety is the Soviet natural scientist I.V. Michurin. He himself called his creation "blackberry raspberries." Crops are similar in leaf structure, ripening period of berries and their taste.

The Texas variety is named in American, but it is a blackberry of Russian selection

This is a strong creeping bush. Flexible shoots, like gourds, are covered with large spikes, leaflets and stalks are also prickly. It is more convenient to grow a variety on a trellis. Berries at the time of ripeness are dark raspberry with a slight bluish coating. To taste - a cross between raspberries and blackberries. The maximum yield of Texas is 13 kg per plant, the bush bears fruit up to 15 years. The disadvantage of the variety is its low resistance to frost. Without protection, this blackberry will not winter.

Oregon Thornless

A variety of American origin. He has spineless creeping stems growing up to 4 m, beautiful leaves. This blackberry is grown on a support, and sometimes used to decorate garden buildings. Berries of medium size (7–9 g) ripen at the end of summer. About 10 kg of crop is harvested from one bush. Oregon Thornless is able to withstand temperature drops of -20 ° C, but it will be more reliable to cover it on the eve of winter.

Oregon Thornless - a very decorative blackberry

Navaho

Another variety from American breeders. Direct shoots (average height - 1.5 m) grow without support and are devoid of thorns. Sweet-acid berries are small (5–7 g), ripen in August-September. From each bush collect up to 15 kg of fruit. The plant is undemanding to care, but its winter hardiness is low.

Navajo - a variety with vertical shoots without thorns

Triple Crown Thornless

The variety was created by gardeners from Oregon. This is a half-spreading blackberry, its flexible shoots extend up to 3 m. There are no thorns. Berries of medium size, yield - about 10 kg per bush. Blackberry Triple Crown tolerates heat and drought, but needs protection from frost.

Read more about the variety in our article - Triple Black Crown Blackberry: Triple Crown of Plenty.

Oregon Triple Crown

Chester (Chester Thornless)

This variety has semi-friable compact and non-spiny bushes. The berries are relatively small (5–8 g), but the yield is above average. One plant produces up to 20 kg of fruit. Chester can be attributed to frost-resistant varieties, it can withstand temperature drops to -25 ° C. But nevertheless, it will not hurt to shelter this blackberry. In addition, the plant is poorly developed in the shade and on low marshy soils.

Chester in good conditions gives 20 kg of berries from one bush

Thornfree

One of the most fruitful varieties of blackberries without thorns. According to gardeners, about 35 kg of berries can be collected from an adult plant. They ripen in August-September. Sour-sweet fruits elongated, medium size (up to 7 g). Thornfrey blackberry bush is semi-braided, sturdy shoots about 5 m long. The plant resists diseases, but does not tolerate cold. Winters under shelter.

Thornfrey is a high-yielding and high-priced blackberry variety

Blackberry Black Satin

Black Satin is a variety well known to many gardeners. This blackberry has drooping harsh shoots that are free of thorns. Sweet round berries of medium size, their weight is about 8 g. In a good summer and with careful care, it is possible to collect 20-25 kg of fruits from the plant, ripening lasts from August to October. Frost below -20 ° C the grade does not stand up without protection. Also does not like stagnation of moisture.

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Read more about the variety in our article - Blackberry Black Satin: a record crop is easy and simple.

Black Satin Berries Cast Satin Glitter

Doyle

This blackberry is still little known among our gardeners. This is a new non-spiky variety that produces high yields at the end of the season. 25 kg of large (about 9 g) berries can be removed from each plant. The shoots are half-spreading, long, therefore, support will be needed for cultivation. Doyle is tolerant of drought and sultry weather, the plant must be protected from frost.

Doyle - a variety that our gardeners only get to know

Shade-hardy varieties

Most blackberries are not capricious in their choice of soil and adapt to any conditions. But the taste qualities of many varieties depend on the location of the plant. Shortages of light and rainy summers make the berries more acidic. Although there are varieties that ripen equally well in the sun and in the shade. True, such a blackberry will not please the size of the berries.

Thornless Evergreen

This old variety, bred more than 100 years ago, at first glance, loses the latest. On the semi-spreading blackberry shoots of Thornless Evergreen, small, 3-5 grams, fragrant berries ripen. But in each brush there are up to 70 pieces . Therefore, the yield does not suffer. In addition, Tornless Evergreen is one of the first varieties without thorns and can retain foliage even under snow, and in the spring the plant quickly begins to grow.

Thornless Evergreen - one of the oldest blackberry varieties

Agave

This blackberry variety has proven itself as a shade-tolerant and frost-resistant. Its spiky straight stems grow up to 3 m. The berries are small, up to 5 g, they are sung in July-August. Experienced gardeners collect about 10 kg of fruit from each bush. Blackberries Agawam dispenses with shelter in winter and does not freeze even in severe (up to -40 ° C) frosts. The disadvantage of the variety is plentiful basal shoots, which gives a lot of trouble to gardeners.

Ежевика сорта Агавам универсальна, но её минус — много прикорневых отростков

Морозостойкая ежевика

Прямостоячие и переходные разновидности ежевики лучше переносят низкую температуру, чем стелющиеся. Среди морозостойких сортов есть колючие и бесшипные, ранние и поздние.

Abundant

Эта ежевика — результат труда легендарного селекционера И.В. Michurina. Сорт с сильными компактными кустами, без корневых отпрысков. Побеги полустелющиеся, покрыты загнутыми шипами. Ягоды продолговатые, среднего размера (6–7 г), на вкус сладкие с кислинкой. Ежевика Изобильная — один из самых морозоустойчивых сортов отечественной селекции. Но в северо-западных регионах России кусты лучше прикрывать снегом.

Ежевика Изобильная приспособлена к российскому климату

Уфимская

Получена от сорта Агавам. От предка она переняла основные признаки, но отличается более высокой зимостойкостью. Уфимскую ежевику с успехом культивируют в средней полосе России. Ягоды этого сорта мелковаты (масса 3 г), но вкусны. Урожайность достойная, до 12 кг с растения.

Уфимская ежевика — один из самых зимостойких сортов

Polar

Сорт, созданный польскими селекционерами, даёт рослые и прочные стебли без шипов. Крупные ягоды (10–12 г) созревают рано. Полар может зимовать без защиты при морозе -30оС. В этом случае урожайность составит до 6 кг с растения. Садоводы заметили, что с кустов, перезимовавших под укрытием, собирают более весомый урожай.

Ежевика Полар обладает высокой устойчивостью к низким температурам и даёт крупные плоды

Арапахо (Arapaho)

Этот американский сорт, появившийся в 90-е годы прошлого века, уже покорил садоводов всего мира. Арапахо — неколючая ежевика с ранним сроком созревания. Очень сочные ягоды среднего размера (7–8 г) имеют форму широкого конуса. Урожайность сорта выше средней. Ежевика Арапахо хорошо противостоит болезням и выдерживает без защиты понижение температуры до -25оС.

Сорт Арапахо рано созревает и редко болеет

Апачи (Apache)

Ещё один сорт из США вышел на рынок в 1999 году. Эта ежевика сочетает признаки лучших представителей разных видов. Мощные вертикальные побеги лишены шипов. Вытянутые цилиндрические ягоды крупные, по 10 г, сладкие, хорошо хранятся. Урожайность настолько высока, что сорт часто выращивают как коммерческий. Апачи отлично противостоит болезням, без проблем зимует.

Апачи — сорт, который взял всё лучшее от исходных видов

Дарроу

Сорт из Америки выдерживает морозы до -35оС. Длина колючих побегов — около 2, 5 м. Ягоды небольшие, весом до 4 г. Их вкус поначалу кисло-сладкий. Перезрелые плоды приобретают большую сладость. Урожайность у сорта Дарроу средняя, взрослое растение даёт до 10 кг ягод.

Дарроу — на сегодня самый зимостойкий сорт ежевики

Ремонтантные сорта

Такая ежевика даёт два урожая за сезон. Первый поспевает на перезимовавших побегах в июне-июле, второй — в конце лета на молодой поросли. Однако в регионах с суровым климатом выращивать ремонтантные сорта невыгодно. Ранние ягоды могут погибнуть от заморозков, а поздние не успеют созреть до прихода холодов.

Прайм-арк Фридом

Новый вертикально растущий сорт ежевики без колючек. Ягоды с большим содержанием сахаров и очень крупные, от 15 до 20 г. Урожай, как обещают создатели сорта, должен быть обильным. К недостаткам сорта можно отнести низкую морозоустойчивость. Без защиты эта ежевика не зимует.

Прайм-арк Фридом — сорт, обеспечивающий двойным урожаем

Видео: плодоношение ремонтантной ежевики Прайм-арк Фридом

Блэк Мэджик (Чёрная Магия)

Невысокая (до 1, 5 м) ремонтантная ежевика созревает двумя волнами: в конце июня и августа. Ягоды средней и крупной величины, очень сладкие. Урожайность невысока, от 5 кг с куста. Недостатки сорта Блэк Мэджик — наличие шипов и слабая зимостойкость.

Блэк Мэджик даёт невысокие, но стабильные урожаи дважды в сезон

Ruben (Reuben)

Этот прямостоячий гибрид с мощными колючими кустами можно выращивать без опоры. Первый урожай собирают в июле, второй может задержаться до октября. Ягоды большие, от 10 до 16 г, урожайность высокая. Но ежевика Рубен плохо переносит жару более 30оС и мороз крепче -16оС.

Ежевика Рубен в сильную жару предпочитает отдыхать

Ежевика для разных регионов

Ежевика отличается долгим периодом вегетации. От пробуждения кустиков после зимней спячки до цветения проходит 1, 5–2 месяца. Созревание плодов и сбор урожая растягивается на 4–6 недель. С одной стороны, это хорошо: цветы не погибают от весенних возвратных заморозков и холодов, ежевику собирают, когда другие ягодные культуры уже отдыхают. С другой стороны, в регионах с суровым климатом сорта с поздними сроками созревания не успевают до первого снега полностью отдать урожай. Поэтому следует учитывать местные климатические особенности, выбирая, какую именно ежевику посадить на своём участке. Надо обращать внимание на морозо- и засухоустойчивость сорта, сроки плодоношения.

Для разного климата нужно выбирать свою ежевику

Сорта для средней полосы России, Подмосковья

Для ежевики, которую планируют выращивать в средней полосе России, в том числе и под Москвой, главные характеристики — устойчивость к морозам и сроки созревания. Чем выше первая, тем лучше будет чувствовать себя кустарник. Однако даже зимостойкие сорта перезимуют благополучнее, если их хотя бы немного утеплить осенью. Можно присыпать кусты палой листвой, опилками или завалить толстым слоем снега. Благодаря этому вы не только сохраните растение, но и повысите урожайность.

Что касается сроков созревания, то для резко континентального климата следует выбирать ранние или среднеранние сорта ежевики. Поздние ягоды за короткое лето могут не созреть полностью.

В средней полосе России поздние сорта ежевики могут не набрать спелости к осени

В средней полосе и в Подмосковье садоводы с успехом выращивают сорта Торнфри, Агавам, Уфимская, Лох Несс, Торнлесс Эвергрин, Дарроу, Честер, Изобильная.

Ежевика для выращивания на Урале и в Сибири

Новейшие сорта ежевики, отличающиеся ультраустойчивостью к морозам, выращивают сейчас садоводы Урала и Сибири. Для сурового климата этих регионов подойдут Дарроу, Апачи, Арапахо, Уфимская, Изобильная, Агавам. Для климата средней полосы — это неукрывные растения. Но уральские и сибирские морозы могут их уничтожить. Поэтому ежевика нуждается в защите.

Если вы хотите добиться достойного урожая, сажать теплолюбивый ягодный кустарник надо на самых солнечных местах.

Ежевика в Сибири иногда дожидается первого снегопада

Сорта для Беларуси и Ленинградской области

Белорусский и петербургский климат похож, для него характерны относительно тёплая зима и прохладное лето. Поэтому для таких условий подойдут зимостойкие сорта ежевики со средним сроком созревания. Например, Агавам, Арапахо, Трипл Краун или Дойл. Растения, которые сильно страдают от мороза, необходимо будет утеплять на зиму.

Не стоит сажать в этих регионах ремонтантные сорта и те, что не выносят повышенной влажности.

Для Беларуси и Ленинградской области подойдёт ежевика, которая созревает в середине лета

Ежевика для юга России и Украины

В южных регионах России и на Украине будут хорошо расти почти все сорта ежевики, включая ремонтантные. Но следует обратить внимание на засухо- и жароустойчивость растений. К примеру, Рубен не завязывает плоды, если температура повышается до 30оС.

Особенно выгодно, с коммерческой точки зрения, разводить поздние сорта ежевики. Её ягоды будут поспевать, когда другие культуры уже исчезли с рынка.

На юге можно выращивать почти все сорта ежевики

Следует учесть, что сорта со слабой морозостойкостью зимой придётся укрывать даже в мягком климате. А вот высокая устойчивость к низкой температуре позволит садоводу отдохнуть. Большинство сортов без потерь переживут даже относительно тёплую зиму.

Жителям Украины и россиянам из южных регионов можно порекомендовать сорта Натчез, Оуачита, Лох Тей, Валдо, Лох Несс, Тонфри, Блэк Сатин и Дойл. Торнлесс Эвергрин и Агавам будут хорошо плодоносить на затенённых участках. Ежевика Прайм-арк Фридом и Блэк Мэджик дадут два урожая за сезон.

Видео: обзор различных сортов ежевики

Gardeners reviews

Ежевика в этом нелёгком году порадовала. Сорт Полар. Для нас новая, по-моему, надёжная культура. У Полара морозостойкость древесины высокая. Плюс в приямке тепло от земли. Больше боюсь выпревания.

Рафаил73

Попробовала в эти выходные первую свою ежевику… Это песня. Вкуснющая, сладкая, крупная… Было всего несколько спелых ягод, мы как налетели, про сфотать только потом вспомнили. Сорт Трипл Краун супер! Да ещё и не колючий совершенно.

Татьяна Ш.

I really like the tastes of Doyle, Natchez, Owachita, Loch Ness, Chester, Asterina and others, the fact is that different varieties ripen at the same time, in my climate fruiting starts from the end of June until the frosts. But frost resistance is more difficult, there are no ideal varieties, so that it is not prickly, and large, it can withstand frosts and bears fruit all summer, all modern varieties require shelter for the winter. But many lovers successfully grow garden blackberries both in the Vladimir region and in all areas of the Moscow Region, only varieties must be selected for each region. There are varieties with increased frost resistance, such as straight-growing Polar, declared frost resistance up to -30, early, Chester also up to -30, but late.

Sergey 1

I have two bushes growing - Loch Nes and Thornfrey, according to sellers. It begins to bear fruit in August and until October black and blue small berries hang and ripen. But they were never tasty - sour with blackberry flavor. In the spring they were slightly frosted.

Clover 21

Three years ago, I acquired three early varieties of non-spiky blackberries: Natchez, Loch Tey and re-grade Black Diamond. This year there were only 2 shoots bearing fruit, the berry was large and very sweet on all three bushes. Shelter is mandatory for the winter. And most importantly, when a new substitution shoot grows to 10 cm, it needs to be bent to the ground with a hairpin to grow lying. Then it is easy, without breaking the shoots, to twist it for the winter and cover it with a spanbond.

Elena 62

First, Black Satin was spontaneously planted, and then she studied about the culture itself, about varieties, about shelter, and it came to understand that it was worth bothering. After experimenting with BS, it became clear that only early varieties like Natchez and Loch Tey are suitable for us. Even after trying the berry BS were pleasantly surprised, a good berry. It winters well, there are no problems with shelter with proper formation during the summer.

Anna 12

I have about 16 blackberry varieties growing. Tested at his site even more. Many removed or did not survive the first winter. Helen removed, now the shoot from him does not give me rest, the weed is terrible. I removed Karaku Black this fall, I don’t know what awaits me next year. Of the prickly ones, Black Magic remained. But the spines on it seem to be small. The remaining varieties are not prickly. Agricultural technology, like raspberries. He likes watering and feeding. Thawed shoots are cut to zero, grown over the summer - take refuge in the winter. Nothing complicated, in gratitude - a sea of ​​berries!

GalinaNick

I want to introduce the new repair grade BLACK MAGIC. A wonderful, early, tasty and very productive new variety. It is all the more pleasant for me that it is perfectly pollinated in our 40-degree heat and in low humidity, the only drawback is spikes, but about the variety everywhere there are only rave reviews. In the spring, I managed to purchase two tiny seedlings in 200-gram containers, planted them in the exhaust gas and carefully looked after, what was my surprise when the bushes bloomed in August and the signal berries ripened in September, this was the first time I had fruit in the planting year.

Sergey

Blackberries are increasingly crowding traditional cultures in our areas. This berry has a lot of advantages. But in order to get a decent crop and not be disappointed in blackberries, you need to pay attention to the choice of variety. The modern market offers varieties that can be grown in different climates without special worries.

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