The best shade-like perennials for dark garden areas + 3 flower garden ideas
In any garden with fruit or ornamental trees, there are areas that most of the time are in the shade. Some of them are shaded constantly, therefore the grass and flowers lack sunlight. To the joy of summer residents, there is a large category of plants that perfectly develop precisely in the unlit zone - these are shade-loving perennials for the garden, with which you can create beautiful flower and herbal compositions.
Types of zones according to the degree of decorativeness
Depending on the location of the flower garden, its significance and the degree of decorative design, the groups of plants can be divided into three categories:
- classical compositions;
- natural areas;
- accent flower beds.
On small edges, along paths and fences, that is, in places with an open perspective, there are classical compositions created to decorate areas not illuminated by the sun. This is a series of varietal herbaceous plants with decorative foliage, as well as shade-tolerant flowers for the garden, developing and gaining color over several years.
Natural areas are located on the periphery, their main goal is to fill the empty spaces and prevent the appearance of weeds. For natural growth, ideal plantings of periwinkle, Siberian brunner, lunatic, May lily of the valley, thyroid.
In slightly shaded conditions, Brunner develops beautifully and blooms - a beautiful plant with blue or blue flowers that look like forget-me-nots
In addition to shade-tolerant flowers in the natural zone, plants with decorative leaves that are ideal for imitating a wild, natural cover are used
The central parts of the garden and places for recreation are also often located in areas hidden from the sun, therefore, especially for them there is a selection of accent plants that differ in beautiful flowering and decorative foliage: elecampane, Japanese anemones, Rogersia, black cohosh, astilbe.
And also, you can arrange a flower garden under a tree, read about it: ozelenenie / pristvolnye-krugi-derevev.html
In shady places flowers with pale color of petals usually grow, but there are exceptions. Multi-colored anemones - this is an opportunity to create a bright floral composition in a darkened area
Shady perennials according to the seasons
In early spring, primroses appear, tender and modest, which delight with their beauty for a month. These include European Kandyk, various varieties of snowdrops, bluebells. A little later, Jeffersonia dubious, liverwort and oak anemone (anemone) hatch.
Primroses actively propagate by self-sowing, therefore, during the flowering period, new foci should be identified and their distribution throughout the country
At the end of spring, ruby corollas of the common lumbago and tiny flowers of soldanella appear. Against the background of low shrubs, uvulia looks wonderful, similar to a bell with yellow buds and silver foliage. The yellow carpet also creates spring celandine blooming with small rounded bushes. It is usually alternated with fern. A bright composition can be composed of saxifrage, primrose hybrid and phlox, creating a dense floral cover.
A round-leaved saxifrage is suitable for creating a spectacular flower garden - a bushy plant with small white flowers and bright green decorative foliage
The summer period is marked by the flowering of Marchagon (curly lily). At the initial landing, it does not differ in luxurious buds, but in subsequent years it will look more beautiful. Among the lilies there are varieties reaching one and a half meters in height - this factor must be taken into account during planting. Areas under low-lying tree crowns are not suitable. The company lilies can make a point bell and a tortuous crest, which also chose the warmest summer period for flowering.
The first colds do not like perennial shade-loving flowers, so in the beginning of autumn only a few of them open their buds. A late flowering specimen is considered to be a cyreneshoma duniform with large decorative leaves and bluebell flowers.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Three flower garden ideas for a shady garden
Using plants of different heights and colors, you can make original compositions. Of course, they will not be as bright and lush as, for example, rose bushes, but they are still able to charm with their modest charm and delicate shades.
Option # 1 - a combined flowerbed of 11 plants
This is an example of a custom sample composition. For planting, plants are taken that are different in height and color, and are planted on a flower bed with a size of 2 mx 3 m. The final form of a flowerbed takes only after 2-3 years, when the plants reach full development and gain maximum color.
1. Anemone oak. 2. Astrantia. 3. Lily of the valley. 4. Corydalis. 5. The center. 6. Digitalis. 7. Geranium versicolor. 8. The geranium is magnificent. 9. The liver 10. The host. 11. The Thyroid
Plants are planted depending on their size: in the background, higher flowers, in the near - curb and integumentary
Plants bloom at different times, one after the other, as a result, the flowerbed looks presentable throughout the summer season. Suppose the flowering time of anemones and Corydalis is at the end of April, lily of the valley at the beginning of May, decentres at June, astrania at July and August. Many varieties of geraniums actively bloom buds throughout the summer.
A special role belongs to such plants as hosta and thyroid. They decorate the flower bed not with flowers, but with leaf plates. Hosta's decorative foliage is distinguished by a bluish tint and a unique “waffle” texture, while the cirrus leaves of the thyroid tree have a scaly texture.
Option # 2 - perennials with bulb
The well-known varieties of bulbs - daffodils, tulips, hyacinths - can be used as a bright accent in the natural areas of shade-loving flowers for the garden. They will decorate the site at a time when perennials have not yet bloomed. So that the faded onion bulbs do not spoil the picture in the future, they must be carefully dug up and planted again in the autumn for wintering. Another option is also possible: hazel grouse, tulips, daffodils, crocuses perfectly tolerate the winter without transplantation, and the next year they please even more violent flowering.
Along with perennials, tulips coexist perfectly in gardens, copses and parks, despite the minimum of sunlight and density of sowing
Together with tulips, blue forget-me-nots look great. With the help of several varieties of tulips and forget-me-nots, you can create a multi-tiered composition; against the background of decorative shade-loving perennial flowers, they will look most impressive. Do not forget about marigolds: they perfectly tolerate the shadow and have a protective volatile aura, which is also useful for tulips.
You can learn about how and when to plant marigolds on seedlings from the material: ozelenenie / posadka-barhattsev-na-rassadu.html
Marigolds feel great both in open areas and in the shade, so they are very fond of summer residents for diluting lawns, decorating shaded areas and borders
Option # 3 - grass lawn
Grass for lawns loves sunlight and plentiful watering, so not every seed mixture is suitable for shaded areas. Excluded Moorish and sports lawn, but the presence of fescue in the mixture will come in handy. Varieties of fescue are numerous, therefore, for each region, its own, most suitable species are recommended.
For example, hard red fescue tolerates a shortage of sunny color, but does not like even short droughts, so it should be planted only if there is frequent watering. In addition, it is prone to fungal diseases and for a long time restores the root system in case of damage. Long-leaved fescue, on the contrary, is easy to treat droughts and is not afraid of diseases, so it is good for sowing in inaccessible places requiring minimal care.
Red fescue is ideal for creating a lawn base in shaded areas: it is unpretentious, grows quickly and is able to replace other types of lawn grasses
Related article: Features of the use of decorative cereals in landscape design
Creating flower arrangements for a shady garden is a real art that requires knowledge and patience, but the result exceeds all expectations: a flowering garden appears in the place of the wasteland, and amazing flower beds appear in the farthest corners.