Barberry: Description of Popular Varieties and Basics of Plant Care

In nature, barberry is widespread. It can be found on all continents except Antarctica and Australia. This is an extremely unpretentious plant that survives even in the conditions of the city. It is decorative, therefore it is widely used in landscape design. Gardeners plant it on personal plots, and not only for decoration. Berries of barberry are extremely healthy.

Plant description

Most varieties of barberry are small (up to 2.5–3 m high) deciduous shrubs. Evergreen species are also found, but quite rarely. Varieties are very different due to the variety of leaf shapes, their color, size and shade of the fruit. But there is a common feature - the presence of often located strong long (up to 2 cm) spines. They literally dot the shoots, greatly complicating the harvest and care of the plant.

Spines are nothing but mutated leaves, of which one central vein remains.

Barberry in nature is extremely widespread

Barberry looks very attractive throughout the season, so it is widely used in landscape design. Using pruning, you can give the plant any shape you want. Most often, hedges, barberry borders and solitary figures are found. The shrub well “holds” the soil, protecting it from erosion. Low-growing species look good in alpine hills and rockeries.

Barberry is widely used in landscape design - on its own or in combination with other plants.

The bark on the shoots is gray, in adult plants - with shallow furrows. The wood is bright yellow. The leaves of barberry are small, oval, sharply sharpened to the petiole, quite dense, but not leathery. The edge is even or cut out with small cloves. In summer, they are painted in bright green or lime color. In autumn, leaves change their tone, acquiring different shades of scarlet, raspberry, orange-red, crimson-pink, purple, less often yellow.

Leaves of barberry are small, oval, sharply sharpened to the petiole

Cute and flowering bush. The buds open in late May or in the first decade of June. The flowers are small, collected in inflorescences in the form of flowing brushes 8-10 cm long. Petals are golden yellow, saffron, light orange. They emit a characteristic tart aroma that attracts many bees.

Barberry honey is not as common as, for example, buckwheat or linden, but no less useful.

Blooming barberry is also very decorative

Small berries (drupes) ripen in late September or in the first half of October. Their shape is elongated, oval. The length varies depending on the variety, but rarely exceeds 1 cm. The fruits, with very few exceptions, are painted in bright scarlet color. There are only a few varieties with black-violet berries covered with a bluish-blue coating. The taste is quite pleasant, sweet and sour. The pulp has many large seeds. Young leaves that are edible also have the same refreshing, sour taste. In no case should you eat unripe barberries, such berries are poisonous.

Barberry fruits have a very high vitamin C content.

In addition to eating fresh, the berries can be dried, jam, stewed fruit, jams, jellies, pastilles. The sour taste is very appropriate in various sauces for meat and chicken.

Barberry is widely used in folk medicine. All parts of the plant are used. The increased content of vitamin C makes it indispensable for strengthening immunity. Berries of barberry - an effective prevention of diabetes, heart disease and blood vessels. There are contraindications. Barberry is not recommended for women at any stage of pregnancy, especially if there is a threat of miscarriage, as well as hypotension.

Spines on the shoots of barberry - leaves mutated during evolution

Common types and varieties

There are about 170 natural varieties of barberry and more than 500 varieties bred by breeding.

Barberry ordinary

Differs in unpretentiousness and growth rate. The average height of the bush is 2–2.5 m. A flowering plant literally dotted with brushes of small yellowish flowers looks very impressive. The flowering period is quite long, stretches for 2 weeks. Barberry ordinary is often affected by rust.

The most common varieties are:

  • Atropurpurea (Atropurpurea). The leaves are dark green, with an ink-purple undertone. This shade is best manifested when landing in an open place, lit by the sun;
  • Julianae (Juliana). Bush height up to 3 m. Bright green leaves turn red in the fall;
  • Aureomarginata (Aureomarginate). Height is up to 2 m. Leaves are bright green with golden yellow or lemon border. When grown in the shade, it gradually disappears. There are breeding varieties of Serrata (leaves deeply cut), Sulcata (shoots with pronounced furrows), Alba and Lutea (respectively with white and yellow berries), Asperma (fruits without seeds);
  • Albovariegata (Albo Variegata). Rare enough variety. The height of the shrub is about 0.8 m. The leaves are saturated dark green in color, streaked with thin white strokes and stripes.

Photo gallery: types of common barberry

Barberry Atropurpurea planted on a plot well lit by the sun

Barberry Julianae differs from other varieties with elongated leaves

Barberry Aureomarginata - the most popular variety of barberry ordinary among breeders

Barberry Albovariegata hard enough to find on sale

Barberry of Thunberg

In nature, distributed mainly in Japan and China. The plant is up to 1.5 m high. The crown is very dense, shoots are thin, curving. Flowering lasts 10-12 days. The flowers are orange-red with a yellow tint. The fruits are inedible (due to the high content of alkaloids, they are very bitter), they stay on the plant for a long time. The fungus is not affected by the plant. It does not differ in frost resistance, needs shelter for the winter.

Popular varieties:

  • Aurea (Aurea). Leaves are glossy, lemon or golden yellow. The height of the bush is 0.7–1 m. The crown, even without formation, is almost spherical;
  • Atropurpurea (Atropurpurea). Leaves of brick color with purple tint. In autumn they change color to red-orange. Fruits are brilliant, bright scarlet;
  • Atropurpurea Nana (Atropurpurea Nana). Dwarf variety (35–40 cm in height), not differing in growth rate. It grows mainly in width, covering an area of ​​up to 1 m2. The leaves are very dark red in color, appear black from afar. In autumn they change color to crimson;
  • Bagatelle Low-growing shrub with a height of 40–50 cm. The annual growth of shoots is no more than 2 cm. The leaves are raspberry or burgundy, in the fall - dark scarlet;
  • Green Carpet (Green Carpet). Shrub with a very dense crown. Height - about 1 m, crown diameter - 1.5–1.7 m. Salad leaves, saffron leaves in autumn. Fruits are small, raspberry or crimson;
  • Green Ornament. The average plant height is 1.5–1.8 m, the bush is rather “narrow” (0.8–1 m in diameter). Young leaves have a very beautiful bronze tint. In the fall, green foliage casts reddish;
  • Kobold (Kobold). Almost spherical (up to 0.5 m tall and wide) dwarf shrub. Green leaves in autumn are painted in all kinds of shades of yellow, orange, red;
  • Rose Glow (Rose Glow). One of the most decorative. Height - about 1.5 m, crown diameter 1.8–2 m. The color of leaves varies - they can be greenish-gray or white-green with whitish, pinkish, scarlet spots. Old leaves change color to dark crimson or burgundy;
  • Red Chief (Red Chief). A shrub with heavily drooping shoots. The height and diameter of the crown is 2 m or slightly more. The brownish hue of the leaves changes to orange-red in the fall. There are few fruits;
  • Golden Ring (Golden Ring). Height - 2.5–3 m. Leaves are rounded, ovoid. Along the edge is a bright yellow border. In the fall they turn purple-red, almost black. The flowers are scarlet outside and yellowish inside. Fruits of coral color;
  • Harlequin (Harlequin). Height is up to 1.5 m. Leaves are bright scarlet, dotted with small rounded spots of different shades of pink, from almost white to crimson;
  • Bonanza Gold (Bonanza Gold). Compact dwarf shrub in the shape of a ball with a diameter of 40-50 cm. Leaves and flowers are golden yellow, cast in the fall with orange or scarlet. In the sun, coloring may fade;
  • Koronita (Coronita). The leaves are green, with a scarlet tint and a wide bright yellow border;
  • Admiration Leaves are red with a brownish tint. The border is thin, light green or white-green.
  • Dart's Red Lady. The bush is spherical, compact (with a diameter of up to 0.8 m). Young leaves are bright scarlet, gradually changing color to brick or brownish. Turn yellow in the fall;
  • Helmont Pillar (Helmond Pillar). The average height is 1.2–1.5 m. The crown is in the form of a column. Crimson young leaves turn scarlet as they grow. In the fall, they change color to lime, covered with small purple dots;
  • Kelleris (Kelleris). The crown is wide, spreading, plant height up to 1.5 m. Salad leaves are covered with whitish strokes and spots;
  • Erecta. Very elegant plant up to 1 m high. The leaves are small, lettuce, redden in autumn. Crohn is columnar. The flowers are pale yellow, flowering abundant.

Photo Gallery: Thunberg Barberry and its Varieties

Barberry Aurea owes its name to a beautiful golden shade of foliage

Thunberg's barberry Atropurpurea looks spectacular both in single plantings and in combination with other plants

Barberry Atropurpurea Nana - "natural" miniature hybrid

Barberry Bagatelle does not differ in growth rate

Barberry Green Carpet has a very dense crown

Barberry Green Ornament grows more tall than wide

Kobold barberry - one of the most popular breeding varieties of Tunberg barberry

Barberry Rose Glow looks very unusual and spectacular

Barberry Red Chief, if it bears fruit, then in very small quantities

Golden Ring barberry title is obliged to a thin golden border around the edge of the sheet

Barberry Harlequin - one of the few variegated species

Barberry Bonanza Gold is sometimes found on sale under the name Bogozam

Barberry Koronita is a riot of colors

Barberry Admiration is appreciated for its overall decorative and unpretentiousness.

Barberry Dart's Red Lady with almost no gardener help forms a neat spherical crown

Barberry Helmont Pillar grows more tall than sideways

Barberry Kelleris - a sprawling plant with a fairly "loose" crown

Barberry Erecta is a columnar variety

Ottawa barberry

Very unpretentious and frost-resistant, at the same time decorative. The average height is about 2 m. The leaves are dark scarlet or purple throughout the season.

The following varieties exist:

  • Superba Leaves up to 5 cm long, dark scarlet with sisy-violet bloom. In autumn they change color to orange-red. Early flowering occurs in May. The petals are yellow-red, the fruits are coral;
  • Aurikoma (Aurikoma). The leaves are blood red, turn orange in autumn;
  • Purpurea (Purpurea). The average height is 1.8–2 m. The leaves are red-violet. The flowers are reddish yellow;
  • Declinata (Declinata). Shoots of a very interesting violet-yellow color. The fruits are dark, crimson;
  • Oxyphylla (Oxyphylla). The leaves are pointed, almost lanceolate, very small denticles along the edge;
  • Rehderiana (Rederiana). Shoots are very thin, nickel, brick color. The leaves are small, no more than 2-3 cm long;
  • Silver Miles (Silver Miles). The height of the bush is up to 3 m. The leaves are very dark red in color with a pattern of silver spots and strokes. The fruits are bright scarlet.

Photo Gallery: Ottawa Barberry Varieties

Barberry Superba - one of the most common varieties among gardeners

Barberry Aurikoma - a natural mutation of the Ottawa barberry, grown in captivity since the XVIII century

Barparis purpurea title due to shade of leaves

Barberry Declinata is compact and overall attractive

Barberry Oxyphylla stands out with leaves unusual for culture forms

Barberry Rehderiana thanks to the falling shoots resembles a waterfall

Barberry Silver Miles - the most spectacular variety of Ottawa barberry

Amur barberry

It is widely distributed in Russia in the Far East. The crown is sprawling, the branches are not too willing to branch. The bark is yellowish gray. The flowers are pale yellow, with a rich pleasant aroma. Inflorescences are large, up to 12 cm long, dense. Flowering lasts about 3 weeks. Very rarely suffers from rust, easily propagates. Resistant to cold, drought, heat.

Only two varieties are known:

  • Japanese (Japonica). Height 3–3.5 m. Lemon-yellow flowers, leaves with a reddish tint;
  • Orpheus. The bush is about 1 m high and diameter. The leaves are salad green. Does not bloom.

Photo Gallery: Varieties of Amur Barberry

Amur barberry is unpretentious and resistant to adverse weather and climate factors

Japanese barberry, in comparison with other varieties, stands out with impressive dimensions

Barberry Orpheus - achievement of Russian breeders

Video: varieties of barberry popular among gardeners

Barberry planting

Barberry is extremely unpretentious, he is not afraid of winds and drafts. He has only one “requirement”. The plant is very negative about stagnant water at the roots. Therefore, you should not plant it where the groundwater comes closer to the soil surface than 1.5 m, and in any lowlands. They stagnate melt and rain water for a long time, moist moist air.

Variegated and decorative varieties with rich colors are best planted in a sunny area. In the shade, the hue may become faded, the pattern and border may disappear completely.

It is advisable to choose a place immediately and forever. A transplant, especially if you shake the ground off the roots, barberry does not tolerate well. It may take 2-3 years for a plant to “move away” from it.

To show their best qualities, barberry needs warmth and sunlight.

If the root system of a barberry seedling is closed, it is better to plant it in early spring, before the growth buds wake up. Also, the appropriate time for the procedure is the end of August or the beginning of autumn.

A barberry pit is prepared 2–3 weeks before the intended landing. His root system is developed, but superficial. Therefore, it is enough 40 cm in depth and the same in diameter. A 3-4 cm thick drainage layer is desirable at the bottom. The fertile soil extracted from the pit is mixed with fertilizers (200 g of simple superphosphate and 120 g of potassium sulfate) and poured back, forming a low mound at the bottom. A natural alternative to mineral fertilizers is humus (5–7 l) and wood ash (0.8–1 l).

The root system of barberry is superficial; there is no need to dig a deep hole

In acidic soil, barberry survives, but grows poorly and develops, can change the shade of leaves. Therefore, it is advisable to find out the acid-base balance in advance and add dolomite flour, slaked lime, powdered eggshell into the pit, if necessary.

There is nothing complicated about the landing. It is not much different from a similar procedure for other berry bushes. For the procedure, choose a cloudy non-hot day. The roots are trimmed to vibrant greenish-yellow tissue, shortening by about a third. The most important thing is not to deepen the root neck in the process. It should be located 3-5 cm above the surface of the earth. Freshly planted plants are watered abundantly, when moisture is absorbed, they mulch the soil. All available shoots are shortened, leaving no more than 3-4 growth buds, leaves (during autumn planting) are torn off. Over the next 2-3 weeks, seedlings need to be protected from direct sunlight. You can, for example, build a canopy of any covering material.

When planting barberry, you need to ensure that the root neck remains above the ground

Single plants are planted at a distance of at least 1.5 m from other trees and shrubs, otherwise the expected decorative effect will not work. When planning a hedge, the bushes are staggered, leaving between them 20–25 cm.

How the plant propagates

Barberry propagates in both vegetative and generative ways. The second is not suitable for breeding varieties, since it does not guarantee the conservation of varietal characters.

  1. Seed germination. The barberry bushes grown from seeds often do not retain the varietal characteristics of the parent. Flowering and harvest from them can be expected only 3 years after the planting of seedlings in the ground. Seed germination is not very good, 40-50%. Seeds are collected independently, selecting the largest and ripe berries for this. For disinfection, they are soaked for 2-3 hours in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, then carefully dried. Seeds necessarily require cold stratification, so they are planted in open ground at the end of autumn or for 3-4 months placed in a container filled with sand or peat, which is stored in the refrigerator for the winter. They are buried by 2.5–3 cm. So that they do not freeze, they throw the bed with straw, coniferous branches, cover with burlap or lutrasil. You can use peat or humus, creating a layer of mulch with a thickness of 8-10 cm. In spring, the shelter is removed, until the end of May the bed is tightened with plastic wrap. Shoots should appear in June. At home, the seeds are planted in small individual containers filled with universal soil for seedlings. They are provided with daylight hours of at least 10 hours, a temperature of about 25 ° C, moderate watering. The substrate should be constantly slightly moist. Plants that have reached a height of 15–20 cm are usually planted in open ground (usually after 1.5–2 years).

    Barberry seeds are thoroughly cleaned of pulp to avoid the development of rot

  2. Cuttings. Planting material is obtained in the summer, cutting off the tops of healthy shoots 12-15 cm long. A minimum of 4-5 growth buds is required. The lower cut is done at an angle of about 45º, the upper should be straight. Leaves from the lower third of the stem are removed. In order for them to take root faster, the base of the cuttings is sprinkled with any powdery root formation stimulator. But still, the process is going quite slowly, sometimes stretching for six months or more. Rooted cuttings in home mini-greenhouses or homemade greenhouses, covering planting with plastic bags, cut plastic bottles, glass caps. In such conditions, they are kept for 2 years, then transplanted into the open ground. You can cut the cuttings in the fall, but until spring they will have to be stored at a temperature slightly above 0ºС in a box with wet sand. In April, they are planted in a greenhouse or in small pots.

    Cuttings of barberry can be cut throughout the growing season (if there is room for storage)

  3. Rooting layers. The shoots of barberry are thin, nickel, they are very well suited for rooting by layering. Low-lying branches are bent to the ground or laid in specially dug shallow (5–7 cm) trenches. Then they are covered with fertile soil or humus, watered abundantly during the summer. Only the tip of the branch should remain on the surface. By autumn, 6–8 new bushes are developing. They are separated from the mother plant and transplanted to a permanent place.

    Young barberry bushes, obtained from layering, quickly take root in a new place

  4. Division of the bush. The method is mainly used for rare valuable low-growing varieties. It is desirable that the crown was spreading, "loose". Only absolutely healthy bushes from the age of 5 years are suitable for this. The plant is dug out of the soil in the spring, as soon as the soil is sufficiently thawed. If possible, the roots are untangled manually, then separated with a sharp knife or secateurs with disinfected blades. Each bush is divided into a maximum of 3 parts. Then they are planted in the chosen place and watered abundantly.

    Division of the bush allows you to guarantee the preservation of varietal traits

Crop care

If the place for barberry is chosen correctly, and the landing pit was prepared in compliance with all recommendations, the plant can do without any care. But for the attractiveness of the appearance and getting a plentiful harvest, you still need to spend a little time and effort.

Fertilizer application

They feed the bush once every 2-3 years, twice a season. In the spring, any nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied - humus or rotted compost or urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate. In the first case, top dressing is carried out by distributing fertilizer in the near-stem circle simultaneously with loosening the soil, in the second case, a solution is prepared by diluting 10-15 g of the product in 10 l of water.

Barberry positively reacts to any natural fertilizer

2-3 weeks after harvesting, barberries are fertilized with phosphorus and potassium. 20-25 g are diluted in 10 liters of water. A natural alternative is an infusion of wood ash (0.5 liters per 3 liters of boiling water).

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If barberry is grown for fruiting, you can conduct another feeding in the last decade of July. Any complex fertilizer for berry shrubs (Agricola, Bon Forte, Kemira Lux, Zdorov) is suitable. The solution is prepared according to the instructions.

Any universal fertilizer for berry bushes is suitable for feeding the fruiting barberry.

Watering

Barberry does not like too wet soil, therefore it is enough for him to irrigate alone for 7-8 days, and then in extreme heat. The norm for an adult plant is about 5 liters. Heated water is used (up to 22–25ºС), it is poured right under the root, trying to prevent drops from falling onto the leaves. If the weather is moderately warm, barberry will completely manage natural precipitation.

Each time after watering, the soil is gently loosened, the mulch layer is renewed, if necessary. It will also help save time on weeding and retain moisture in the soil, allowing you to increase the intervals between watering.

Winter preparations

Most varieties do not need special shelter for the winter, without much damage to themselves, even severe Siberian frosts. The exceptions are the varieties of barberry Tunberg.

Young plants under the age of 2–3 years old are covered with cardboard boxes of suitable size or pulled together shoots and wrapped in burlap, constructing a kind of hut. You can additionally insulate the plant by throwing it with leaves, leaves, sawdust, shavings, finely tattered newsprint, straw.

It is better to hedge and cover the barberry bushes for the winter, especially if it is expected to be harsh and not snowy.

If the bush is not compact, the near-stem circle is cleaned of vegetable debris and covered with peat crumb, humus. The thickness of the mulch layer is at least 10–12 cm, at the base of the bush - up to 18–20 cm. As soon as enough snow falls, they completely fill the plant with them whenever possible.

Barberry pruning

Санитарную обрезку проводят в начале весны, удаляя все сухие, сломанные, вымерзшие ветви. Формирующую — через 7–10 дней после цветения. Желательно не укорачивать ветви более чем наполовину. Цветочные почки и плодовые завязи образуются только на приросте прошлого сезона.

Низкорослым сортам формирующая обрезка не нужна, у них крона и так аккуратная, похожая на шар или купол.

Кусту барбариса можно придать практически любую форму

Первый раз формирующую обрезку проводят через 2 года после высадки куста в грунт. У барбариса в живой изгороди побеги обрезают примерно на треть, у одиночных растений — оставляя 5–6 ростовых почек. Если диаметр среза составляет больше 0, 5 см, его промывают 2%-м раствором медного купороса и замазывают садовым варом либо покрывают масляной краской в несколько слоёв.

Инструмент, использующийся для обрезки барбариса, должен быть остро заточенным и продезинфицированным

Раз в 12–15 лет куст нуждается в радикальном омоложении. Для плодоносящих растений интервал составляет 7–8 лет. Для этого в течение 2–3 сезонов побеги, начиная с самых старых, обрезают, оставляя пеньки высотой 7–10 см.

Обрезка для барбариса — обязательная процедура

Видео: рекомендации по выращиванию барбариса

Pest and Disease Control

«Ахиллесова пята» барбариса — всевозможные болезни и вредители. При заражении декоративность куста резко снижается, его рост приостанавливается, плодоношение прекращается. Поэтому растения нужно регулярно осматривать на предмет наличия подозрительных симптомов. Если болезнь зайдёт слишком далеко, куст придётся выбросить, ликвидировав таким образом источник заразы.

Powdery mildew

На листве появляется белесый порошок, похожий на рассыпанную муку. Листья сворачиваются трубочкой, засыхают, опадают. Если ничего не предпринимать, куст покроется густым слоем белого налёта.

Мучнистая роса кажется безобидным налётом, который легко стереть, но на самом деле это опасное заболевание

For prophylaxis, the plant is sprayed every 10–12 days with a solution of colloidal sulfur, soda ash or a foam of household or green potash soap. Water for irrigation once a month is replaced with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. Having found the symptoms, Phytosporin, Vectra, Skor are used 2-3 times with an interval of 5-8 days. The use of chemicals is not allowed during flowering and at least 20 days before harvest.

Rust

A yellowish-orange “fleecy” coating appears in the form of separate spots on the inside of the sheet. Gradually they condense, grow and darken, changing color to rusty. Their surface is covered with whitish tubercles, where the spores of the fungus are concentrated.

Barberry rust spreads especially quickly when thickened

For prevention, bushes are sprayed in the early spring and after harvest with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid or copper sulphate. With the development of the disease, Chorus, HOM, Abiga-Peak, Kuprozan are used (2-3 times with an interval of 10-12 days).

Leaf spotting

Called by various fungi. Whitish, grayish, pinkish, brown or black spots appear on the leaves, depending on the particular species. They grow rapidly, the affected leaves dry and fall off. To avoid infection, plants are dusted once every 2-3 weeks with sifted wood ash, crushed chalk, colloidal sulfur. For the treatment of barberry, the same fungicides are used as for rust control.

Necrosis of the cortex

The bark blackens, as if charred, and cracks. Small grayish-brown tubercles containing fungal spores appear in the cracks.

A barberry struck by necrosis seems to have been on fire

At the first signs of the disease, all shoots, even minimally affected, must be cut off, capturing 10-12 cm of tissue that seems healthy. Wounds are disinfected by rinsing with a 2% solution of copper sulfate or rubbing with gruel from sorrel leaves. Then they are covered with garden varnish or coated with oil paint in 2-3 layers.

Bacteriosis

Leaves and branches are covered with black watery spots. Then the leaves dry quickly, the bark leaves the shoots, forming “bubbles”. There is currently no cure for this bacterial disease; for prophylaxis, a plant is sprayed with a solution of any fungicide in spring and autumn. In the early stages, radical pruning can help - remove all parts of the plant on which even minimal damage is noticeable.

It is impossible to cure barberry from bacteriosis with modern means

Aphid

Aphids - small brownish insects, clinging to young leaves, tops of shoots, inflorescences and fruit ovaries. Affected parts of the plant become discolored, dry and die.

Aphids stick to leaves and shoots, sucking juice

Effectively repel aphids any infusions with a pungent odor. As raw materials, you can use, for example, arrows of onions, garlic, tomato tops, marigolds, wormwood, peel of oranges, mustard powder. Plants are sprayed once a week, when the first pests are detected, the frequency of treatment is increased to 3-4 times a day.

If this does not help, use any general insecticides - Inta-Vir, Mospilan, Lightning, Fury, Commander will do. Usually enough 2-3 treatments with an interval of 6-8 days.

Spider mite

Leaves and tops of shoots, inflorescences are braided by thin, almost transparent threads, similar to a spider web. Parts of the plant quickly deform and dry. It is quite difficult to discern the pests themselves with a naked eye.

A spider web on a plant is a visible sign of the presence of a spider mite

For prevention, barberry is sprayed every 10-12 days with infusion of onion or garlic gruel, cyclamen tubers, 30% alcohol. If infection could not be avoided, folk remedies will not help. It is necessary to use special preparations - acaricides (Neoron, Apollo, Sunmayt, Vertimek). It will take 3-4 treatments with an interval of 5-12 days. The hotter the street, the more often the bush is sprayed.

Moth caterpillars

Pests feed on plant greens. In a matter of days, they are able to completely eat around the bush, leaving only streaks of leaves and bare shoots.

The main damage to the barberry bushes is not done by adults, but by moth caterpillars

For prevention, barberries are sprayed in the middle of spring with a solution of Chlorofos, Karbofos, Nitrafen. During the growing season, the bushes are dusted with tobacco dust. Having found the pest, Decis, Admiral, Confidor, Kinmix are used.

Competent preventive measures will help minimize the risk of developing diseases and pest attacks:

  • compliance with the recommended distance between plants when planting;
  • ensuring good aeration of the bush to avoid increasing humidity;
  • moderate watering, not allowing complete drying out of the roots of barberry;
  • regular sanitary pruning;
  • cleaning the trunk circle from a pallet of foliage, fallen berries, broken branches, other plant debris;
  • timely application of the necessary fertilizing (this improves the immunity of the plant).

Barberry Growing Reviews

I have barberries everywhere. And in the sun there, and in partial shade. Both are tolerated normally. They love to get a haircut! And if you don’t cut them a little periodically, then their shape will not be beautiful, and the branches will be long and alone, and there will be a bush! But prickly, pruned branches should be lifted immediately and collected.

Ax

Stagnation of water and especially cold barberry can not stand. Need good drainage. If you feed barberry on campost - he will like it very much. They love this thing. At least mine. As for its use in the hedge, barberries are well resistant to dust from the road. Different types and varieties give different growths. Thunberg gives reluctantly, but the Korean one the next year after planting gave as many as 5 branches in the form of shoots. So that besides protection from the road there would also be benefits in the form of food, I can say that there is a seedless variety. Last year, he accidentally caught my eye and now I will actively breed it. The berries are large enough and do not need to be peeled. But the bush of this variety is quite high. Meters up to 2.5 will be ...

NikitA

Growing barberry out of pits is the easiest thing to do! Pour a few grains into a flower pot, water as the earth dries up .... surely some grains will hatch! My friend barberry then grew up in a pot for two years, and she transplanted it into the garden. Now there is such a bush! And a lot of berries.

Xu Xu

I have Aurea in full sun. He doesn’t like it terribly. Does not die, growths are normal, but older leaves shrink and fall off. The view is pathetic. It is necessary to clean at partial shade, and even with my non-irrigation it does not belong there.

filipionka

Barberry is not only a very decorative, but also an extremely useful plant that does not take up much space in the garden. It pleases the eye throughout the growing season and is extremely unpretentious. Even a beginner gardener will cope with the cultivation of shrubs.

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