Badan in the garden - planting in the open ground and further care
A real decoration of a country garden can be a canoe. This amazing herbaceous shrub with a long peduncle covered with numerous flowers is beautiful from the first days of spring to late autumn. Its leaves are bright, juicy, in some varieties huge as burdocks - they can turn any corner of the garden into a fairy tale - whether it be a pond, a rocky hill or a modest garden path. It is also nice that planting a plant in open ground and caring for it will not be a difficult task for a beginner.
The main characteristics of the plant
Badan is an evergreen herbaceous plant of the saxifrage family. Bergenia received its Latin name in honor of the German scientist botanist Karl Bergen. Large fleshy leaves resemble the shape of the ears of an elephant, hence the common name of the plant - elephant ears.
A native of Asia, in nature the flower is found in meadows, and in lowlands, and among rocky placers. Its unpretentiousness to growing conditions played an important role in the creation of cultivars.
The leaves of the incense are collected in a tight outlet. The root system is powerful, but superficial. During flowering, several long bare peduncles appear, strewn with numerous goblet-shaped flowers. Flowers with a diameter of about 2 cm have, depending on the variety, various colors - from white to bright pink.
One of the first in the spring in the garden of incense
Medicinal properties of frankincense
Badge sockets have not only decorative value. From overwintered blackened leaves, you can brew tasty, fragrant tea. In Siberia, such a drink, and the incense itself is called Mongolian tea, and in Altai - chigirsky. Regardless of the name, brewed leaves help lower blood pressure, normalize the gastrointestinal tract, cleanse blood vessels and increase immunity. Thanks to the tannins contained in the plant, Mongolian tea is used for intestinal disorders.
Badan in landscaping
Landscaping has recently become increasingly popular among gardeners and gardeners. Craving for beauty pushes them to ennoble, if not the whole garden plot, then at least a separate part of it. With the help of incense it is easy to create any composition in a natural style. This plant looks spectacular in single plantings, and in combination with other plants. Smooth leaf-blades of this flower against the background of openwork foliage of astilbe or multi-colored hosts will create a unique picture of wildlife.
As used in garden compositions: examples in the photo
- Badan feels great on a sunny hillock, among the stones
- When creating a tiered composition, a canoe is a great solution for a stall
- Planted along the path, the incense will decorate the garden and eliminate the need to fight weeds
- In coniferous compositions, incense is indispensable as a contrast in color and shape.
Badan loves moisture and coolness and these properties can be used by planting a plant near the pond. It will become a bright accent or part of the composition in the neighborhood of sedge, host, fern.
A small pond with a canopy looks very romantic
Popular types and varieties
Badan has 10 species with many varieties that vary in size, color and shape of the leaves. Flowering is also different in terms of time and effect - forms with double and semi-double flowers of original colors are found.
Heart-shaped Badan is the most popular native of Altai. The plant is stunted, no more than 40 cm in height, with thick dark green leaves in the shape of a heart. Bell-shaped flowers of white, pink, lilac and lilac flowers. Flowering begins in May and lasts 20 days. This is a very frost-resistant species - leaves wintering under the snow can withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C.
One of the most frost-resistant species is the incense heart-shaped
Badan is found in the Altai, in the Sayan Mountains and in Mongolia. Evergreen herbaceous plant reaches 60 cm in height. Glossy leathery leaves of a rounded shape are collected in a dense rosette. Panicled inflorescence consists of numerous bell flowers of delicate pink or lilac color. The thick-leaved badan is characterized by early flowering - from the end of April to June. Decorative preserves all summer thanks to the succulent leaves, some of which turn red by autumn, enhancing the effect of the plant. Winter-hardy appearance - foliage does not change color under snow and the plant meets spring with green and purple colors.
Badiana thick-leaved - a large plant with shiny leaves and luxurious flowers
Variety Galina Serova is attractive due to the colorful color of the leaves and for the same reason prefers a sunny location. The large leathery leaves of the frankincense with white strokes are charming throughout the summer, and in the fall, when the green color changes to red, a firework effect is created in the garden. It blooms in May-June with bell-shaped pink flowers. Winters well in the snow.
Galina Serova is a rare variety of bergenia, characterized by variegated coloring of leaves
Schmidt's incense is most popular in Europe. It differs from other varieties by matte large leaves and the presence of peculiar “wings” growing from the center of the outlet. Bright pink flowers are collected in a spherical inflorescence on a low peduncle. The plant is winter-hardy, unpretentious, blooms in May – June, but retains its decorativeness throughout the summer.
Pink ball-inflorescences of Badmouth Schmidt fell in love with gardeners in Europe
Badan Bressingham White is a hybrid, shade-tolerant variety. It prefers moist places, while it does not impose special requirements on the composition of the soil. Large, dark green glossy leaves make up a rosette 30 cm high. White flowers are collected in loose inflorescences. It blooms in May and June. Frost resistant grade.
Bressingham White - a hybrid variety of incense with spectacular white flowers
Badan Abenglut is a shade-tolerant, unpretentious, frost-resistant variety. It can withstand planting in sunny places, but it does not grow magnificently; moreover, the flowering period is shortened in bright light. Bright green leaves, collected in a low outlet, in the fall acquire a beautiful bronze hue. Purple semi-double flowers on thick red peduncles please the eye from April to May.
Badan Abenglut attracts attention with bright semi-double flowers
Features of growing a perennial plant
Badan is not the most capricious plant, therefore, not only an experienced gardener, but also a beginner can cope with it. It can be grown practically throughout the entire territory of our country, however, in hot, arid regions, care will be complicated by frequent watering. In this case, it is better to plant it in partial shade - under the trees or on the north side of the structure. In general, the incense can withstand summer temperatures up to + 30 ° C and above, the main thing is that in hot weather it receives enough moisture and is shaded in the afternoon.
For good growth and flowering, it is important to choose a suitable place in the garden. Here, the opinions of experts differ - some believe that a sunny area is necessary for flowering, while others advocate partial shade. And here, only personal experience will become the best adviser.
When choosing a place for incense, as for any other plant, you must take into account the climate of the area. For example, a sunny site in Siberia or in the Moscow Region is a quite comfortable place for many plant species, while at the same time, not every weed can withstand sunflowers in the Southern Urals. Therefore, choosing a place for the plant, you need to make adjustments for climatic conditions - in the steppe zone with the scorching sun and dry winds it is better if the plot is shaded, ideally - near the pond, in a temperate climate, sun or partial shade will do.
Soil favors light, loose. The fact is that the powerful rhizome of the plant lies close to the surface and this soil structure will provide it with the necessary moisture and nutrients. Sometimes the roots are too close and even go outside, so the earth around it must be mulched, especially in sunny places. The composition of the soil does not really matter, but waterlogging should be avoided. You can not plant a flower in places with possible spring flooding.
Planting and growing frankincense in a cache-pot
Bergenia planted in tubs or flowerpots is a real decoration of the summer garden. The plant develops well and blooms in the tank, and besides, it can be easily moved if the chosen place was unsuccessful.
For planting in a cache-pot or tub you need:
- Pour drainage at the bottom of the planter - expanded clay, pebbles or gravel, to ¼ volume.
- Fill half of the container with the prepared mixture - turf land, sheet earth, compost, sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1.
- Place the prepared rose of the incense in the center (if it is not planted in the composition) and cover it with the remaining soil.
- Lightly squeeze the soil around the plant and water.
- Mulch the surface with bark, pebbles or decorative gravel.
When choosing a pot or pot for bergenia, you need to make sure that there are good drainage holes. So that they do not become clogged with earth during irrigation, shards are laid at the bottom, and a layer of drainage is already on top.
Planted in a flower pot, the incense feels no worse than in a flower bed
For the winter, a flower pot or tub with a flower must be transferred to a greenhouse or to the veranda and covered with lutrasil. Plants grown in the southern regions, where frost does not fall below 5 ° C, can winter in tanks on the street. In all other regions there is a risk of cracking the pot from frost and freezing of the roots.
How to successfully conduct flower propagation at home
It is most convenient to propagate a canopy by dividing the rhizome or rooting rosettes, but growing from seeds gives good results. In the first and second cases, young plants will bloom in the second, less often in the third year, but grown from seeds only in the third or fourth.
Propagation by segments of the rhizome and division of rosettes
In early September, carefully dig out the earth and cut off pieces of rhizome, 15–20 cm long. Each segment should have at least three buds. In a prepared place, dig shallow grooves at a distance of about 30 cm from each other. Lay rhizomes horizontally, sprinkling them with light soil mixture only slightly, water and mulch. If all conditions are met correctly, the incense will take root before the onset of frost and will successfully winter.
To root a segment of rhizome can be not only in open ground, but also in a pot
It can be propagated by rosettes after the flowering of frankincense and until the beginning of September. The procedure is simple - to separate the sockets from the mother bush and drop them off in a prepared place. The operation is best carried out with a sharp knife, pre-treated with alcohol or chlorhexidine. Sprinkle slices with crushed charcoal.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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The holes should be no deeper than 30 cm and the distance between them 30–40 cm. A drainage layer will protect the roots from rotting if the site is dense and the summer will be rainy. Water the planted plants and mulch.
A family of frankincense sockets is divided with a sharp knife
For seedlings, incense seeds need preliminary stratification — storage in the wet state at a temperature of 1-3 ° C for three months. The method is considered the best when the seeds are sown in prepared containers, covered with a layer of snow, placed in a bag and buried in a snowdrift. If there are no such conditions, you can use a refrigerator.
Step-by-step process of growing seedlings from seeds:
- At the beginning of March, a container with seeds is placed in a warm place for germination. At a temperature of 18–20 ° C, seedlings will appear in about 20 days.
- At first, sprouts need spraying from a spray bottle.
- Thicken seedlings need to be thinned out. Make it better with scissors, cutting extra, weak sprouts.
- After a half to two months, the plants dive in separate cups.
- Starting in May, they begin to temper the seedlings of incense - to take the glasses out into the air, gradually increasing the time of “walks”.
- While the seedlings are tempered, prepare a place for planting. At a distance of 30–40 cm from each other, holes are dug, with a depth of 7–8 cm, sand or pebbles are poured into the bottom.
When 4–5 true leaves appear near the seedlings of the incense, the sprouts are planted in separate cups
In June, when the threat of freezing frost passes, and the night temperature does not fall below 12-14 ° C, hardened seedlings are planted in a prepared place. It is advisable for the first time to cover the plantings with lutrasil or another non-woven fabric, so that during rooting young plants do not suffer from the sun or wind.
Video: luxury incense! Cultivation and reproduction
Features of caring for incense in the garden
Caring for badan, due to its unpretentiousness, is simple. It is important to remember that the plant does not tolerate over-dried soil, so watering should be regular and plentiful. Do not remove the lower leaves, which have lost their decorativeness - they cover the roots of the incense and contribute to the preservation of moisture. If the desire to clean the sockets is great, you should mulch the soil around the plant.
Blossoming of badan falls on April-May - the timing and duration depend on the variety. Faded arrows are trimmed with scissors if there is no need to get seeds from the plant. Under favorable conditions, repeated flowering is possible at the end of August or in September.
Overgrown canopy densely covers the ground with its foliage, it is not without reason that it is considered a groundcover. Where this flower grows there are no weeds, which means there is no struggle in the form of weeding either.
Weeds do not grow under overgrown leaves of incense
Fertilizing badan is practically not needed - a overfed plant begins to fatten and blooms worse. Once a summer, after flowering, you can feed the plantings with diluted complex fertilizer.
In the fall, old, dead leaves of frankincense are removed. Do not try to cut them off with scissors or a knife, it is better to gently cut them off without leaving a petiole.
Badan does not tolerate transplantation, so without special need to touch it is not worth it. It grows beautifully in one place for 10-12 years, growing in breadth. It is necessary to take this peculiarity into account when planning planting, since growing, frankincense can be aggressive against other plants. To prevent this from happening, it may be worthwhile to limit its distribution to the curb or stones.
Badan is quite frost-resistant - almost all of its varieties can withstand a temperature drop of -35–40 ° C, but under snow. In snowless winters, roots located close to the surface may freeze. To prevent this from happening, it is worth taking care of the shelter. For this purpose, dry fallen foliage or straw, pressed on top by spruce branches, is perfect. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the shelter, without waiting for the appearance of plus temperatures, otherwise the incense can warm up.
The reddened leaves of the frankincense warn of the approaching winter
In areas with mild winters, where -10 ° C is the maximum decrease, the incense does not need shelter.
Possible problems for a novice grower
Badan is a capricious plant and almost does not cause trouble to its owners . The plant is almost not affected by insects and diseases, therefore, it does not require preventive treatments.
One problem may be the lack of flowering. In this case, it is necessary to check the fulfillment of all agrotechnical conditions. If the incense grows well, but does not bloom, perhaps it lacks sunlight, as it is planted in complete shade.
The lethargy and yellowing of frankincense leaves may indicate stagnation of water when the roots are in acidified soil. This happens if the plant is planted on a clay site without drainage. To save the sockets, it is necessary to transplant them, not forgetting to rinse the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Reviews on the cultivation of frankincense
It behaves perfectly in a container half dipped in water. A week ago, we were pleased with huge, burgundy, hard leaves.sonial54
I have a frankincense in the third year, but it seems that it is not going to bloom. Grew in the shade - did not grow. Transplanted to a sunny place, at almost partial shade - it became better, but I still do not like it. But you cannot plant in our sun - it will burn. Also waiting for flowers.vlada
I have a badan for the second year. True, they gave me a big dividend. Set in partial shade. In the morning it is in the shade, in the afternoon in the sun, in the evening again in the shade. Bloomed well. And again in August, bloomed! Tired of breaking out the peduncles. I didn’t do anything with him, I fed Kemira a couple of times. Well, and of course wateredNatasha
Badan likes a shaded place. We have been growing behind the house for about 5 years. In the spring, the lower brown leaves must be cut off, washed to dry, or, for the impatient, immediately brewed in tea for a little crumble. You can even boil it slightly in boiling water. At least on campaigns, we did. In Western Siberia, the incense grows everywhere in the taiga among trees and rocky areas in shaded areas. Good for the body.Traveler
My incense grows on its own in the shade under the apple trees. The sun is not there for long. Periodically, I tear pieces of creeping stems with roots from it and root it in the shade. Flowers stand in a vase for a long time. It's cool that no one at my place guessed what kind of flowers they were.GRUNYA
Badan is not in vain loved not only by gardeners and summer residents, but also landscape designers - it is difficult to find another such decorative and unpretentious plant. Keeping its attractiveness not only during flowering, but throughout the summer, incense does not require constant attention in the form of pruning, pinching and other events. And what is especially important for the Russians - it easily tolerates our frosty winters.