Autumn work in the garden: how to prepare your garden for winter cold?
With the beginning of autumn, the summer season is coming to an end. And the owners of the work are still head over heels. Indeed, at this time both the harvest is being harvested, and the land is being prepared for wintering, and shrubs are either planted or dug up. In a word, the autumn work in the garden and vegetable gardens is quite intense. It is good if the weather has mercy and gives Indian summer for a couple of weeks. But more often it happens that protracted rains begin, gradually turning into a cold. Therefore, no gardening business needs to be put off, otherwise you can simply not finish it on time.
September strada - harvest
We make fruit trees easier to bear: take the fruits
In early September, the main focus of the hosts takes the orchard. There apples, pears are poured, which must be removed on time so that winter varieties can lie until spring. But how to understand that the fruit is ready for harvest? Externally - no way. It is necessary to pick one apple (pear) from each tree and cut it. There are seeds inside the fruit. The color of the fruit is determined by their color. If the seeds are still white, then it is too early to pluck the crop. Fully brown seeds indicate that the owner has missed the moment. The fruits managed to enter full maturity and will not be able to be stored for a long time. But light brown grains - this is the best time to collect. Typically, these dates are in mid-September, but in a dry summer, it is better to start checking the seeds from the beginning of the month (every 3 days).
By the appearance of the apple, it is impossible to determine at what stage of ripening it is. It is necessary to cut it and examine the color of the seeds
If the deadlines are tightened, then some varieties of apples can fly around in one night when heavy rain or strong winds begin. A ripe apple is too weak on the stalk, so do not be late for harvesting, otherwise you risk being left without fruit in winter.
The shelf life of the fruit also depends on the correctness of their removal. You should not cling to the apple with your fingers and pull it down for strength. Firstly, it will come off with difficulty, because you collect the fruits while they have not yet fully ripened, which means that they hold tight to the stalk. And while you pull, your fingers will put dents on the pulp, which in time will begin to rot. Secondly, pulling a branch with force, you can cause the collapse of neighboring apples.
Correctly remove the fruit like this: gently grab it from the bottom with your fingers and make a slight jerk up, while twisting the apple. In this way, fruits are ripped off much easier and are not damaged.
If the tree is tall, then the role of the fingers should be performed by a special nozzle, which is attached to a long stick. You can simply cut off the bottom of the plastic bottle, nail it to the end of the stick and use it as a bowl for removing.
From the second half of the month, they begin to fertilize the trees, scattering ash in the round-bore circles. Over the summer, rains brought too much nitrogen into the soil, and ash could restore balance.
At the end of September, pruning of the garden and planting of young fruit seedlings begins. True, heat-loving trees (peach, apricot) are still better planted in the spring to avoid freezing of the roots.
Hide potatoes, tomatoes and cabbage
In September, autumn work in the garden begins with a general potato harvest. All varieties should be removed before the rainy season, because the wet crop will not be stored. The signal to the beginning of digging is dried tops. When harvesting, seed potatoes are sorted immediately to hold it a little in the light. It is most convenient to lay the tubers in the barn for a couple of days so that they turn green. Such seeds are better stored and are not damaged by fungal infections. The rest of the potatoes are immediately hidden after harvesting in a dark basement. Its greening must not be allowed, because the tubers become poisonous.
Potatoes that will be planted in the spring are harvested immediately in a separate container, and after several days they are stored in the light so that it turns green
All uncleaned tomatoes must be removed from the bushes before nightfall. Already at + 5˚, the delicate peel of tomatoes is shocked and begins to burst, which means that the vegetable will not ripen healthy. All taken tomatoes are laid out in boxes, not pressing against each other.
It is desirable that the boxes lay one next to each other, but if there is no container, then no more than two in height. So you save the bottom row from pressure, and the ripened tomatoes do not start to burst
The cabbage check the condition of the heads. If it rains a lot, then heads of cabbage may crack. A little trick will help to avoid this: you need to pull each cabbage from the ground to break the connection of the roots. Food will be disturbed, and moisture will cease to flow intensively.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Cabbage is not afraid of frost, so it is removed last. But so that it does not crack from moisture, it is necessary to undermine the roots
By the middle of the month, the last feeding of strawberries is carried out.
October - time to finish cleaning
Transplanting trees and bushes + cleaning
In October, young trees and bushes continue to be replanted, and division of the thickened plantings is carried out. Until steady cold sets in, raspberries, gooseberries and currants should be planted in a permanent place.
This month, leaf fall begins, and all fallen leaves should be removed on time. In it, fruit pests like to hide in the winter, so the garden must be completely cleaned. Tamp all the collected deciduous garbage into humus piles, where it will gradually turn into fertilizer. Before the onset of frost, the trees are slightly fed with potassium and phosphorus, and then loosened tree trunks. It is more difficult for frost to penetrate to the roots through loose soil, since air does not let it in.
You cannot leave fallen leaves in the garden, otherwise garden pests and fungal diseases will quietly winter under it all winter
In October, they will certainly whitewash the garden in order to destroy pests that are going to winter in the bark and protect the fungi from sunburn.
To avoid damage to young trees by voles, by the end of the month, wrap the bottom of the trunks with roofing material, metal mesh or other material that rodents cannot damage.
Garden in October: clean everything up
Garden autumn work in the country ends in October. For this month, you have to clean out everything that is still waiting in the wings: beets, carrots, radishes, rutabaga, daikon, etc. By the end of the month, steady frosts will come that can spoil the upper part of root crops, so try to remove them before they occur.
After the beds are cleaned, it is necessary to take out the tops and dig a garden under the winter. It is not necessary to break up blocks of land raised by a cultivator or a shovel. So they will freeze deeper, destroying pests with frost.
Garlic is planted at the end of October, when the weather will be cold for more than a week (about +5 degrees)
As soon as the air temperature stopped in the region of + 5˚, it is time for winter sowing. Plant garlic, onion sets, carrot seeds, beets, celery. Just increase the number of seeds in the expectation that some of them will freeze.
The main November works
Preparing the garden for winter sleep
With the onset of November, steady colds begin. As soon as the first frost is announced according to the weather forecast, compost or peat should be placed around the trunk circles, making a layer of 5 cm. This will allow the tree to survive the winter calmly.
On the first snow, check for traces of mice. If nevertheless they are found, look for minks under the snow and pour poison there.
Also in the fall, you need to think about snow removal equipment. For example, you can make a snow shovel yourself, read about it: tech / kak-sdelat-lopatu-dlya-uborki-snega.html
We create a "fur coat" for planted seeds
Until the snow falls, it is necessary to mulch all the seeds that will winter in the soil, including garlic cloves with onion heads. They can be covered with straw, peat, compost or leaves collected from the garden.
Hide all the compost heaps under the film so that the mouse does not rush into your garden for the winter. Under the hermetic coating, there is an active decomposition of plant remains, and rodents will not live in such a stench.
When the autumn work at the summer cottage is completed - wish the garden and the garden sweet dreams and you can safely leave your summer house.