The aromas of the evening garden: a selection of the best varieties of fragrant flowers
A garden in the evening can be no less attractive than in the afternoon. The attractiveness of the garden space in the evening and night hours is provided by the variety of aromas emanating from fragrant plants. Flowers and shrubs that can exude noble smells are specially planted in those places of the site where people like to relax and chat. Fragrant flowers are also placed along the paths leading to the house, a gazebo, outdoor shower and other garden buildings. Familiar aromas are imprinted in memory for a long time, reminding people of their native places. Surrounding yourself with your favorite flowers in your new place of residence, you can overcome nostalgia and drown out the longing for the garden, which you had to sell or leave for a long time. Over time, new scents are added to the well-known aromas, the carriers of which the gardener learns from carriers or from special literature.
The beauty of annual flowers is that you can enjoy their smells in the year of planting. With the onset of the new season, you can change the exposure, experimenting with aromas until you find the desired bouquet. What fragrant annual flowers are most often cultivated in gardens and on personal plots?
Mattiola bicorn or night violet
The inconspicuous appearance of the small flowers of matthiola bicorn may alienate the novice gardener. Indeed, this plant from the cruciferous family does not shine with beauty. Its strength lies in the spicy sweet smell that spreads in the evening hours around the blossoming tiny flowers. The captivating smell of matthiola bicorn persists throughout the night. No wonder this annual has another common name - night violet.
Flowering matthiola bicorn lasts throughout the summer. Even the first frosts are not terrible for this unpretentious plant. The flowering period of a single 4-petal flower lasts no more than five days, after which a fruit is formed, having the shape of a pod with two peculiar horns located on its top.
The inconspicuous flowers of night violets against the background of a bright flower garden with the onset of twilight begin to smell fragrant, filling the air with an unforgettable aroma
Sown night violet in early spring directly into the ground. You can divide the planting process into several stages, withstanding certain time intervals between them (12-15 days). Despite the fact that Mattiola the bicorn prefers sunny places, it can be grown in shaded areas of the garden.
Mattiola gray: blooms beautifully and smells good
The gray-haired matthiola, which is also called left-handed, is fundamentally different from its two-horned namesake. This plant is appreciated not only for its honey aroma, but also for large double flowers that open in the form of a hat on top of woody or slightly branched stems. The plant can reach a height of 80 cm. For those who do not like giants, dwarf varieties are bred whose height does not exceed 20 cm. The flowers of gray matthiola can be simple (4-lobed) and double (70-lobed), and the latter can bloom for three weeks.
Levkoy or matthiola gray-haired is unusually beautiful and surprisingly fragrant. The pleasant smell intensifies in the evening and lasts until the morning.
Lush terry flowers do not give seeds. Seed material is obtained only from simple flowers. Plants with simple flowers grow from half of the collected seeds, and from the other half - with double flowers. Varieties of left-handed breeds were developed, in which this ratio was increased in favor of plants with double flowers. So that matthiola gray-bloomed in the year of sowing, it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings in March.
Sweet tobacco - a delicate aroma on a flower bed and in a pot
Another bright representative of odorous annuals grown by amateur gardeners. The early varieties of fragrant tobacco were distinguished by long stems and white flowers-gramophones, opening in the late afternoon. Later, more compact varieties were developed, differing from each other not only by the height of the plant, but also by the color of the flowers.
Now you can buy fragrant tobacco, the flowers of which will have raspberry, red, pinkish or lemon yellow tint. Moreover, in the daytime the flowers do not close. However, plants with white flowers have the most pronounced aroma. Aromatic tobacco is best grown through seedlings to ensure early flowering of the plant. Seedlings are afraid of spring frosts, so tobacco seedlings are planted in a permanent place with the onset of real heat. The plant feels equally well in areas illuminated by sunlight, or in partial shade.
Some gardeners keep fragrant tobacco until the next season, replanting the plant before the onset of frost in a flower pot. The transplanted plant is brought into the house, where after a short rest, it begins to bloom again and fill the home with the most delicate aroma. With the advent of spring, the dug plant is returned to its original place.
Sweet tobacco is able to conquer an amateur gardener not only with a honey aroma, but also with large flowers similar in structure to gramophones
To prolong the flowering of fragrant tobacco, it is necessary to timely rid the plant of dried flowers. This measure will serve the intensive formation of new buds.
Sweet peas - fragrant two-meter vines
Among the climbing plants, sweet peas are famous for their pleasant aroma. At the moment, there are about a hundred species of this plant, and the number of varieties reaches one thousand. In this varietal abundance, you can find plants with small and large (6-centimeter in diameter) flowers that have a variety of shades of the color palette. The smell of sweet pea is most pronounced in early varieties. Hybrids bred later exude weaker aromas, but have high decorative properties.
Two-meter vines, clinging to supports with antennae, perfectly cope with the task of vertical gardening of arbors, verandas, pergolas, hedges, etc. In small gardens, this plant is used to shield areas given for growing vegetables. Low-growing (dwarf) varieties, reaching a height of not more than 30 cm, are planted in containers or hanging baskets.
Gentle sprouts of sweet peas do not tolerate transplanting, so it is recommended to sow the seeds directly into the heated soil. Three peas are thrown into the hole, which are pre-soaked in warm water during the day.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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The airy wall of sweet peas looks elegant and sophisticated. Under the cover of darkness, each flower emits a delicate aroma that attracts all living things.
Reseda fragrant: proven for centuries
Reseda fragrant has been cultivated in gardens since ancient times. The love scenes of many novels written in the 19th century unfold against the background of the sweet and heady smell of Reseda. Modern flower growers find a place in the garden to plant this amazing plant. At the same time, it is not the simple beauty of the nondescript greenish flowers of Reseda that attracts gardeners, but their delicate fragrance in the evening and at night. Although the breeders managed to get decorative varieties of this fragrant plant with a more attractive color of inflorescences:
- red-green ("Red Monarch");
- yellowish red ("Waves");
- pinkish-copper ("Ruby");
- light green ("Giant");
- dark brown ("Victoria");
- intense red ("Goliath").
In open ground, aromatic seeds are sown in the last decade of April or in the first week of May. Seed germination is affected by weather and soil moisture. Under optimal conditions, sprouting of a reseda can be seen in one to two weeks. The plant loves freedom, so frequent shoots are thinned out, keeping a distance of 15-20 cm between adjacent sprouts.
Reseda fragrant - a fragrant plant, time-tested. Appreciated for the sweet, specific smell of small flowers
Reseda loves open spaces, well lit by the sun. In a dry summer, caring for the reseda consists in abundant watering. Fertilizing with mineral fertilizers promotes intensive flowering of the plant, and regular collection of faded flowers - the emergence of new inflorescences.
You can also equip a flowerbed-first-aid kit, read about it: ideas / klumba-aptechka-na-dachnom-uchastke.html
Iberis: just a month for fun
Like many representatives of fragrant plants, Iberis has a modest appearance. But the aroma that comes from this plant during the period of short flowering gives unforgettable pleasure. This annual is blooming for only a month, with 40 or even 50 days elapsing from the moment of sowing the seeds. In gardens, most often cultivate two types of this annual plant:
- Iberis bitter with white inflorescences;
- Iberis is an umbrella with flat cap-shaped inflorescences, the shade of which varies from white to lilac-pink.
Iberis umbrella is suitable for growing on a balcony, which differs from its counterpart in compact dimensions and neat shapes.
Read more about planting and growing.
Alyssum Sea - a floral carpet with the smell of honey
A short annual, blooming from the first days of summer until late autumn. The plant does not grow in height (ceiling - 20 cm), but in width, growing to 30 or more centimeters. Alyssum grows wherever it is planted: on flowerbeds, borders, in rockeries and on alpine hills, in balcony drawers and flowerpots. This annual can grow even between the stone tiles of garden paths, filling the pedestrian area of the garden with honey aroma.
Alyssum is an annual stunted plant with a pronounced aroma. Compact bushes, growing, form a carpet. Suitable for framing flower beds and borders, as well as for filling rocky gardens
The flowers of the sea alissum are white or purple in color, which is used for joint planting. After a cosmetic haircut and plentiful watering, alissum is ready for a new wave of flowering. Having planted this fragrant annual once, you can not worry about sowing seeds for two to three years. Alyssum breeds well by self-sowing.
More information about the features of growing alissum in the garden: ozelenenie / alissum.html
Fragrant perennial flowers
Roses are, of course, pleasantly smelling perennials. The splendid aroma of these beautiful flowers is perfectly complemented and emphasized by such spicy plants as sage, oregano, catnip, wormwood, geranium, cuff. These species have long been included in the retinue of a flower of noble origin. In the preparation of the composition, preference is given to multi-flowered varieties of polyanthus roses.
The aroma of roses does not need advertising. These perennial flowers were once available only to the elite, and now every gardener can plant them
Only peonies can compete in the power of beauty and aroma with roses. The most fragrant of them are the varieties of milk-flowered peony, the aroma of which can be felt at a sufficient distance from the plant. The strength of the aroma of blooming peony depends on the age of the perennial. Affects the intensity of odor, air temperature and humidity level. In the evening, peony flowers are not devoid of aroma, but the smell picks up peak values closer to noon.
You can learn about how to grow peonies from the material: //diz-cafe.com/rastenija/piony-posadka-i-uxod.html
Peony bush during flowering is an adornment of any garden. The marvelous scent of terry flowers spreads throughout the site, as if inviting to look at the hero of the occasion
Brought dozens of varieties of peonies with different flavors:
- honey and others
In addition to roses and peonies, fragrant perennials include a number of phloxes, lilies, daffodils, hyacinths, carnations and other plants. Flower perennials are perfectly complemented by fragrant shrubs, among which are lilac, mock up (garden jasmine), honeysuckle, white acacia, viburnum and many others.