Altai grape variety Riddle of Sharov, especially planting and growing
The Sharov Riddle is one of the best frost-resistant grape varieties with a short growing season. Due to his undemanding soil and climatic conditions, constant yield and excellent taste, he became the favorite of many experienced and dream beginners.
The history of the cultivation of grapes Riddle Sharov
The Shagov Riddle grape variety was bred in 1972 in Altai, in the city of Biysk, by Rostislav Fedorovich Sharov, who tested a large number of varieties at his site and experimentally obtained frost-resistant hybrids: Katyr, Kaya Altai, Kolobok, Early Siberian, Siberian Cheryomushka. To create the Sharov Riddle by pollination, Rostislav Fedorovich used a complex Far East 60 hybrid (cinquefoil) that can withstand frosts up to 40 ° C, varieties Magarach 352, Tukai, etc.
The Sharov Riddle grapes did not pass tests at state stations, but the planting material dispersed from Siberia to the southern regions, and the variety gained popularity among winegrowers. Saplings are bought in some nurseries and from amateurs, however, in references and official catalogs, mention of the variety is rare.
Bushes are vigorous with long (up to 3-4 m) vines without a thickened base. The leaves are small (up to 10 cm), heart-shaped, medium-dissected, five-lobed, bright green, without pubescence, smooth. The vines have short internodes and large eyes. Bisexual flowers.
The berries of the Riddle of Sharov variety have a deep dark blue color.
Bunches are branched medium volume, loose. Mass gain from 100 to 300-600 g, depending on favorable conditions. They are painted to a deep dark blue color. The berries are round and medium in size, weighing up to 3 g. The grapes are covered with a waxy coating and have 2-3 small seeds. They have a thin, strong skin, which, when cracked against the background of melting pulp, is almost invisible.
The taste is sweet without sugary, harmonious, changes as it ripens from a slightly perceptible strawberry to raspberry and raisin. At an early harvest, the fruits have a sweet and sour taste and berry aroma. Sugar content - 21-22%.
Ripen bunches on a vine can weigh 300–600 g depending on growing conditions
Characteristics of grapes Riddle Sharov
Extra high grade universal purpose. From blooming buds to the maturity of bunches, 110 days pass. Ripens 10 days earlier in the greenhouse. The grade is frost-resistant: withstands temperature drops to -32 ° C. The roots are resistant to freezing.
It shows active growth in the first year after planting, and begins to bear fruit in the second year. The bush is fully formed by the age of five and acquires up to 12 vines. This grape variety has a strong thin vine, which is easy to remove from trellises and lay for warming for the winter. The vine ripens by the end of September and remains flexible.
On the shoot, 2-3 inflorescences are formed. Fruits fruit after a short pruning shoot to two or three eyes, which is valuable for the northern regions with a short summer, for which a long vine does not have time to ripen. In addition, the Sharov Riddle develops full-fledged vines from replacement and corner buds.
Grapes Sharov Riddle fully formed only at the age of 5 years
The variety propagates well by rooting its own cuttings, without vaccination. It is also used as a stock for increasing frost resistance of other grape varieties. Frost resistance of the bush itself increases with age. Also, Sharov Riddle grapes can be used for landscaping and group plantings.
The berries are not prone to chopping and cracking even in the low-harvest season. Wasps are damaged slightly. Productivity is average, but stable: from 3 to 10 kg of grapes ripen on one bush. The clusters that remain on the vines after the general harvest almost do not crumble, dry and gain more sugar.
Berries of the Riddle of Sharov variety tolerate transportation well and retain taste for a long time
After collection, it retains its presentation and taste for up to three months. It tolerates transportation well.
The disadvantages of this grape variety are medium resistance to fungal diseases and lack of immunity to mildew, as well as small berries.
Features of planting and cultivating varieties
The methods of planting Sharov's Riddles do not differ from the traditional ones, but, on the advice of the creator of the variety Rostislav Fedorovich Sharov, it is better to plant the grapes in deep trenches to form a covering ditch 40-50 cm wide and 30 cm deep . The walls of the trench can be strengthened with stones or broken bricks. This will result in a deepening for effective and less labor-consuming warming of the vine for the winter, during which the root system will be maximally protected. The depth of the planting pit is 75–90 cm, but the scion on the seedling should remain 7 cm above the ground.
Planting pit for grapes Riddle of Sharov should reach a depth of 75–90 cm
In regions with frosty and unstable weather, winter-hardy grape varieties in autumn are still better to be lowered from the trellis and covered from icing and wind.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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The variety is undemanding to soil fertility and can grow in any region from north to south and is rooted in a variety of soils, bears fruit on sandy and rocky soil. The root of the Sharov Riddle sprouts in the soil up to 10 m in depth and provides itself with nutrition in adverse conditions.
Before planting, the seedling needs a strong pruning: the roots are cut to a length of 5-10 cm, only one shoot is left and it is shortened to 3-5 cm, leaving two buds . By winter, the young vine will lignify well and the next season will yield a crop, but the load should not exceed two inflorescences.
Vigorous shrubs with constantly appearing shoots will need to be cut off, otherwise the vine will be weakened and will not be able to give a full crop. The variety allows stampless molding, which simplifies the process of shelter for the winter.
In northern conditions, during autumn pruning, more eyes are left than in the southern climate. Spare 10-12 eyes will be required in case of frost damage. The first time the grapes are cut at the end of September after freezing or after removing the bunches to sub-zero temperatures in order to accelerate the ripening of the vines. The second pruning, if necessary, is done before shelter.
Since the variety is susceptible to mildew, constant preventive measures, such as:
- Periodic pinching (partial or complete circumcision of young shoots of the second order).
- Timely tying the growing vines to the supports.
- Removing some leaves to ensure free ventilation.
- Identification of pests and their destruction (Omayt, Prokleym, Nitrafen, etc.).
- Weed control under the vine and in the aisles.
- Drip or drain irrigation.
- Mineral fertilizing (compounds with colloidal sulfur and potassium permanganate).
- Regular prophylactic treatment with fungicides (Bordeaux fluid, Topaz, Rowright, Shavit, etc.).
Video: Grape variety Riddle of Sharov
I have the Sharov Riddle since 2007. In general, the impression is good, it ripens before everyone else. Of the minuses - it easily picks up a mildew and a very loose bunch. The rest seems to be fine, although, of course, there are many more delicious varieties. The berry on the bush hangs for a long time without losing its taste. Sugar in berries begins to appear already during the period of staining, so it is not necessary to wait for full maturity, you can slowly start eating. July 6 noticed that some berries began to stain ...Vladimir
Sharov’s riddle is true to itself - it has matured by mid-August, taste changes every week, without seeming to deteriorate or improve, it just becomes different. It grows as a dividing wall between the garden and the recreation area - it suits me completely, BUT it would not be planted in the vineyard, it, like Korinka Russkaya for the passage zone - there is always something to bite for children and neighbors, it’s tasty and not a pity if it is nibbled .Olga from Kazan
Grapes for the north. Last year, in the spring, water came up, and frost, all iced up. I thought it would be gone. Nothing, he got sick a little and found himself. A persistent variety and with good taste.Valery Siberia
This season left half of the plant uncovered. It all ended in failure - the buds on a vine left without shelter froze, but the part covered by snow survived, from which new vines grew. The signaling will still be.gwaspol
I’m somehow more comfortable with Sharov’s Riddle in all respects, it bears fruit from any place, Yes, even how (3-4 clusters to escape, you have to normalize), the optimal ratio: sugar-acid, juicy pulp, taste, is good for making wine, and just nice to eat, the vine ripens at 100%, is ready completely in the first decade of September. But I never impose my opinion, but only offer an alternative, you decide.gwaspol
Unpretentious, very early and frost-resistant variety Sharov Riddle created for both professionals and beginner growers. The variety looks like an ordinary technical grape, but a stable yield and excellent taste compensate for this drawback and do not disappoint gardeners.