Ageless raspberry variety Kuzmina News
In the changing world of modern breeding achievements and capricious fashion, the islands that are inhabited by gardeners - admirers of the classics are preserved. And if raspberries grow on their plots, then only varieties Novost Kuzmina. The unsurpassed taste and fragrance of the elegant berries of this raspberry accompanies more than one generation of connoisseurs.
The story of the creation of raspberry varieties Kuzmina News
Regarding the time the variety was created, the information in the sources varies: according to some sources, raspberry Novosti Kuzmina appeared in Vetlug of the Kostroma province in 1880, other authors believe that this variety was bred in the Nizhny Novgorod region in 1912. And they all agree on one thing - raspberry Novosti Kuzmina was received by crossing the American variety Cuthbert and Russian raspberry variety Smolenskaya.
Raspberry bushes Kuzmin’s news continues to delight gardeners for over a hundred years
Description of raspberry variety Kuzmina News
Early ripening grade. Berries ripen in early July. Bushes are tall, sprawling. The shoots are cranked, drooping, their length reaches 2.5 m. The annual shoots have a light green color, in the second year they become grayish. The thorns are purple. On the stems are uneven. There are more of them at the surface of the earth, closer to the top, the number of spikes decreases, and they become larger. Young bushes give 15–20 offspring per 1 m2. Over time, the shoot-forming ability weakens.
Leaves of medium size, slightly wrinkled, with serrated edges. The outer surface of the leaf blade is green, the underside is whitish. The flowers are large, crowned with five white petals. Pestle rises above numerous stamens.
Blooming raspberries Kuzmina News
The berries are medium-sized, oblong, obtuse, pubescent, not shiny. The color is dark red. Dies are smooth, tightly interconnected, do not crumble during collection. Berries are well separated from the fruit, not crumbling even when overripe. The bones are medium sized. A characteristic feature of the variety is a very long peduncle. The average weight is between 2–2.5 g. The taste is magnificent, sweet, with a rich aroma of forest raspberries. The use of berries is dessert. Fruits tolerate transportation well, but poorly stored. They need to be consumed fresh, so as not to lose a drop of fragrant sweet juiciness, or prepared for the winter. Jam, compotes, mashed potatoes and marmalade turn out deliciously delicious.
Raspberry berries of the Novosti Kuzmina variety are oblong, blunt-shaped, holding on a very long stalk
Characteristics of Raspberry Variety Kuzmina News
The variety is highly winter-resistant, has proven itself in variety testing. It has been included in the State Register since 1948 in all regions except both Siberian and Far Eastern. The bushes are hardy, they can survive the winter cold without dowling.
Raspberries are self-fertile. Productivity is average, from one bush they collect up to one and a half kilograms of tender berries or 50–70 kg / ha. Experienced gardeners specializing in the cultivation of this variety note that if you surround the plantings of raspberries Novosti Kuzmina with raspberries of the varieties Turner, Marlboro or Krimzon Mammut, the yield will increase and become much more stable.
Raspberry berries Kuzmin news ripens in early July
Raspberry News Kuzmina is sensitive to drought, with insufficient watering it suffers more than other varieties. However, at high air temperatures and providing moisture gives an excellent harvest. Experts note that in wet, calm summers, the formation of new flowers and repeated fruiting in autumn is possible.
The variety is susceptible to all fungal and viral diseases, therefore it is especially important to purchase seedlings only from trusted major suppliers.
Damaged by pests. The greatest damage to the plantings is caused by a raspberry mosquito and a spider mite.
Despite the low resistance to diseases and pests, raspberries of the Novosti Kuzmina variety are considered a taste standard by gardeners and are valued for their high winter hardiness.
Features of planting and growing
This culture is extremely demanding on lighting, soil composition, irrigation regime and saturation of soil coma with oxygen.
All my knowledge about raspberries was limited to book ideas about thickets of berries near fences. On this basis, having acquired a site, I began to plant raspberries around the perimeter, not bothering much with the choice of a place, digging up normal planting holes, improving the soil composition - the soil in the site is clay. As a result, I got spiky wilds through which it was unrealistic to get through to collect a rare crop of berries that were inarticulate to taste. Year after year, my attitude towards this noble culture has changed. Now all the mowed grass on the site goes under raspberries. The best material for the trellis is for her. Even the ash remaining in the grill after the barbecue, goes straight under the bushes. Generous berries thick thickets around the fence are in books. On your site you have to bow many times to enjoy the delicate taste of selected berries.
For raspberries, we immediately select sunny areas, so as not to be annoyed about the riot of fungal lesions. Bushes are preferable from north to south. So they are better illuminated during the day.
Digging a hole, we separate the upper fertile layer. And we remove the clay, because with its excess water will stagnate. And if the earth is very clay, it is better to build a raised bed. It is important to take into account the fact that if the soil is light, sandy, raspberries will suffer from a lack of moisture. In this case, it is important to form the landing pit so that the roots receive the necessary moisture. Some summer residents plaster clay walls of the landing pit. Specialists suggest planting raspberries in a trench if the soil is sandy.
The structure of the trench and the raised bed is almost the same:
- At the bottom we lay out old branches, leaf litter, mowed grass, equipping something like a “warm bed”, raspberries love warmth.
- The next layer is rotted compost or horse manure, which is mixed with its own fertile soil in a ratio of 1: 2. In this layer we plant raspberries, slightly deepening the root neck to stimulate the growth of new shoots. Water abundantly.
Mulching of the root zone is very important.
Mulching keeps moisture, suppresses weeds and protects raspberry roots
As mulch, mowing grass, sawdust or other materials of organic origin are most often used. Wherein:
- Moisture is retained.
- The soil remains loose, and crusts do not form after watering.
- Favorable conditions are created for the propagation of earthworms.
- Weed growth is suppressed.
- Provides a constant flow of organic fertilizing due to overheating of the mulch itself.
- Superficially located roots are protected in snowy frosty winters.
Video: ways to plant raspberries
Immediately after planting, the seedling is cut. In the first year, during spring planting, flowers are torn off so that the plant does not waste its strength on fruiting, but rather takes root.
Due to the fact that the bushes are sprawling, and the stems are drooping, experts advise to build trellises and tie up shoots.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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Shoots of raspberry variety Kuzmina News are cranked, wilted under the weight of the crop, so it’s better to tie them up
In the second year after the appearance of young shoots on last year's branches, a pinch is carried out. This should be done in mid-May, before the formation of flower buds. In this case, 3 branches appear immediately instead of one. Accordingly, more crop is obtained. Cut off the shoot.
Few people cultivating raspberries of the Novosti Kuzmina variety will decide to use toxic chemicals. This variety is grown for the soul, to please the closest. Therefore, they try to apply mainly preventive measures.
To prevent infection and fight against raspberry mosquito, or rather, raspberry shoot gall midge, it is important to observe agricultural practices:
- Do not allow excessive thickening of landings.
- Be sure to spring and fall carry out sanitary pruning of raspberries, removing diseased, frostbitten, broken shoots.
- Thawed shoots immediately cut off.
- To make it difficult for mosquitoes to fly, they mulch the root zone to a height of at least 15 cm. Peat is very effective as a mulch.
- Affected shoots become the focus of fungal diseases. Therefore, having discovered growths on the stem, galls, you need to immediately cut off the shoot and destroy.
In the galls are the larvae of the raspberry mosquito
As preventive measures, folk remedies are used:
- Planted in the rows of raspberries onions, garlic, dill.
- Plantings are shed with infusion of onion husks (1–1.5 kg per 10 l of boiling water).
- Suitable for processing and fresh onions. Chopped onions (200 g per 10 liters of water) are infused for 7 hours and sprayed.
- Plantings are periodically treated with tansy infusion (300-350 g of dry tansy per 10 l of water).
- You can use a dandelion. A part of the land, do not throw away the malicious weed, but pour 1–1.5 kg of dandelion grass with a bucket of warm water, insist 1.5–2 hours and spray the bushes.
- In early spring, mustard powder is pollinated on young shoots or carefully dug into the soil. Only here it is important not to overdo it, since the raspberry roots are located superficially.
The beauty of folk remedies is that they are universal. So, when processing with these solutions, it is possible to get rid of a no less unpleasant spider mite.
In order to nourish the plants with copper, which raspberries often lack, and to prevent fungal diseases in early spring, raspberry bushes are treated with Bordeaux liquid or 1% solution of copper sulfate.
Gardeners note that raspberries of the Novosti Kuzmina variety respond gratefully to care and top dressing, giving a generous aromatic crop in return.
News Kuzmina An old early variety. Very winter-hardy. Fruiting without crouching (in winter it was at least -45) Of the summer varieties with red berries, only it was left. Affected by fungal diseases, bushes without treatment, because I keep a little and only for food, the standard of taste for me. With full ripeness almost like forest raspberries. If I start to eat, I can’t stop
Elvir. Turai Garden, western Bashkiria
... One of the most common and reliable varieties in Bashkiria. This year, young shoots under 2.5 meters. There is an opinion of some gardeners that the variety has degenerated and is not the same. I have not observed such a trend over the past few decades. The grade is reliable. At the estate, the variety occupies 95% of the entire raspberry planting.
Good time! Raspberry News Kuzmina is a very old variety, has been growing safely in my area for many years, inherited from my grandmother, but I have not tried raspberries better. I planted a lot, but the berries are tasteless, then they crumble into grains, which is also unpleasant. As a result, everything is exhausted, only this one is growing. The variety was helped by a friend, a doctor of agricultural sciences from NIZISNP, in Biryulyovo. She said such raspberries are extremely difficult to find. A characteristic feature is the aroma of berries. This is a fairytale! ...
Olgunya. Moscow region, south of Moscow
Once, in Soviet times, a friend and I bought seedlings near the Timiryazev Museum in 1905. Fortunately, at that time the shooting of the program “Our Garden” was taking place, who older remembers this wonderful program with the host B. A. Popov. During the break of filming, we managed to approach him and asked his opinion on the purchase of raspberries, which grade is better to buy? The answer was: "If you want a delicious, fragrant raspberry, then this is only Kuzmin News, and if you need large crops, then any other." Yes, of course, the new varieties may be more resistant to diseases than the old variety, but the new varieties did not surpass it in terms of taste ...
Hello! Each site has its own conditions. We have strong return frosts, so Kuzmin News safely yok. We have good growth in Latham, Sonyshko, Princess of Schwalzeldburg (high), Heracles and others. : oops:
Summer residents often share news with their neighbors. And for 130 years, Kuzmin’s News has been enjoying unchanged success for its rich aroma and unsurpassed taste of berries.