3 exotic vegetables that can grow in our gardens
Sooner or later, every gardener has a desire to plant something new on his plot. If you decide to experiment, here are some exotic plants that can be grown in our difficult climatic conditions.
It is also called “melon pear”, but it has nothing to do with them, but belongs to the nightshade family and is a relative of tomato and potato. This unusual vegetable comes from South America.
It is actively cultivated in Peru, Chile and New Zealand. It is a shrub about one and a half meters in height with dark green leathery leaves, like pepper. The flowers are blue-violet, like a potato. The fruits are striped, bright yellow or cream in color. The flesh tastes sweet and sour and very juicy.
Pepino is rich in carotene, iron, fiber and a lot of vitamins. Very useful for cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. Melon pear is often eaten raw. The pulp can be added to soups, salads, meat and fish dishes.
At home this is a perennial plant, but in our conditions it needs to be planted anew every year. Two adapted varieties were bred in Russia - Ramses and Consuelo. To grow a rich harvest of pepino is possible only in the greenhouse. The optimum temperature is 25 degrees. Prefers light fertile soils. It does not tolerate waterlogging, drought, sudden changes in temperature and drafts.
It is better to plant a melon pear in places where cucumbers, onions or peas grew before that. Pepino care is the same as tomato care. Airing the greenhouse, removing stepchildren, loosening the soil, weeding, watering as necessary, and feeding organic matter are important. Harvesting is possible after 4-6 months after planting. On one bush, the fruits are sung at different times, so during the season the crop can be harvested several times.
This is an original plant, popularly called "cucumber", obtained by crossing melons with cucumbers. Today in garden shops you can find more than twenty varieties of this unusual vegetable. Externally, the plant looks like a cucumber, only the aroma of the leaves is melon.Recent entries In April, I process roses so that no pests encroach on my beauties
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The longer the fruits ripen, the more they resemble a melon. The ripe fruit tastes sweet, the flesh is yellow or white, the melon smell with tropical notes, the peel is thin, like an apple.
The advantage of this crop is its rapid maturation, and the ability to bear fruit until late autumn. If a simple melon just does not have time to ripen in our climate, then Manduria copes with this perfectly. In May, the finished seedlings or seeds are planted in fertile, moist soil, in a well-lit place, away from other gourds so that they are not cross-pollinated.
Care for Manduria is the same as for cucumbers. This vegetable loves moderate watering with warm water and does not tolerate heat, at high temperatures it will shed ovaries, optimal conditions for good growth of 25-30 degrees. When the fruits begin to ripen, watering must be reduced, otherwise they will crack or get unsweetened and watery to the taste.
From each bush you can collect up to 20 fruits. They are all large and heavy, so it’s better not to tie it on the trellis.
This exotic vegetable has a lot of names, the most popular of which are: okra, gombo and ladies' fingers. Africa is considered the birthplace of this valuable culture. Varieties such as White Velvet, Green Velvet, and Dwarf Greens are popular in Russia. This plant is an annual, belongs to the family of malvaceae.
It can grow up to 40 cm in height. The appearance of the fruit resembles a pod of green chili or asparagus. Okra is a true leader in fiber, antioxidants and vitamins. It tastes similar to green beans and zucchini. It can be used to make side dishes, added to salads or soups.
It is not recommended to grow on open ground, unless you live in the southern strip of our country. Okra is very thermophilic, it needs light, fertile and well-fertilized soil. The plant must be watered daily, spud and protect from weeds. Seedlings are planted in early May in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
Bushes grow quickly, begin to bloom and bear fruit already two months after planting. Harvesting is carried out repeatedly until the frost. Try to choose young fruits for your table, more mature ones become rough, become tough and tasteless.